Artists of the Italian Renaissance. The Rebirth of Europe. Medieval Art. Religious focus. Lacked perspective (looked two-dimensional) Human features were generalized. Architecture based on the arch, flying buttresses, etc. New Artistic Styles. Look to Roman and Greek influences.
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Artists of the Italian Renaissance The Rebirth of Europe
Medieval Art • Religious focus. • Lacked perspective (looked two-dimensional) • Human features were generalized. • Architecture based on the arch, flying buttresses, etc.
New Artistic Styles • Look to Roman and Greek influences. • Use of realistic perspective in depicting scenes. • Portrait painting becomes popular. • Depiction of Renaissance ideals. • New dignity of the individual
Early Renaissance • Florence the leader in Renaissance art esp. in quattrocento (1400s). • The wealth of Florence meant that it had many patrons who would pay for art projects of artists such as... • Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472), architect of cathedrals. • Masaccio (1401-1428) painter: nude human figures • Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516) – Portrait of a Condottiere • Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1574) – goldsmith and sculptor
Giotto di Bondone (1267-1337) • Considered to be the Father of the Italian Renaissance • Broke with linear style of Middle Ages. • First to us chiaroscuro. • Reputed to be a shrewd and witty character. • Praised by the poet Dante.
Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) • Architect and one of the first architects to be associated with the Italian Renaissance. • The first known perspective picture was made by Brunelleschi in about 1415
Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455) • Sculptor: bronze doors for Florentine baptistery. • Many sculptors such as Donatello trained under him.
Donatello (1386-1466) • He became well recognized for his creation of the shallow relief style of sculpting, which made the sculpture seem much deeper than it actually was.
Fra Angelico (1400-1455) • Dominican Friar who began career decorating manuscripts. • Professional and highly successful artist despite his religious convictions.
Sandro Botticelli (1444-1510) • Spent almost his entire life in Florence. • Only significant journey was to Rome to work on Sistine Chapel. • Died in obscurity and his fame was not reestablished until the 19th century.
High Renaissance • “High Renaissance” centered in Rome (1500-1527) – cinquecento (1500s) • Most worldly of Renaissance popes – Alexander VI (1492-1503); Julius II (1503-1513); and Leo X (1513-1521), funded great art projects • Characteristics: classical balance, harmony, restraint.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) • Painter, sculptor, architect and engineer. • Often left work unfinished. • Conducted extensive scientific studies. • Invented the armored tank and designed aircraft.
Leonardo Da Vinci - Mona Lisa • Probably the most famous painting in the world. • Brought a new “life-like” dimension to painting. • People focus on her enigmatic smile.
Michelangelo Buonarotti (1475-1564) • Sculptor, painter, architect, and poet. • Tormented genius who was rarely satisfied with his talents. • In painting and sculpture his work focused mainly on the nude human form.
Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520) • Child prodigy in the world of art. • Patronized by the popes and named Papal Architect in 1514. • Died of fever at age 37.
Titian (1485-1576) • Foremost artist of the Venetian School. • Titian was one of the most versatile of Italian painters, equally adept with portraits and landscapes. • Noted for use of color and smooth brush strokes
Exit Ticket • What changes occurred in art over the two centuries of the Italian Renaissance? • How does the art we examined exemplify Renaissance ideals and values? • How do the artists themselves embody the principles of the Renaissance period?