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The Korean War: 1950-1953 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Korean War: 1950-1953. Fast Facts. UN/Allied Forces Roughly 150,000 foreign servicemen 3,360 killed 11,886 wounded 1,801 MIA 1,376 POW British Commonwealth, Belgium, Luxembourg, Colombia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Holland, Philippines, Thailand, Turkey. Background.

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The Korean War: 1950-1953


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fast facts
Fast Facts
  • UN/Allied Forces
    • Roughly 150,000 foreign servicemen
    • 3,360 killed
    • 11,886 wounded
    • 1,801 MIA
    • 1,376 POW
    • British Commonwealth, Belgium, Luxembourg, Colombia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Holland, Philippines, Thailand, Turkey
background
Background
  • 1945: USSR invaded Korea to root out Japanese
  • U.S. responded by landing troops in south
  • Uneasy agreement reached- 38th parallel divided Korea
  • Kim Il Sung organized Comm. gov’t in N
  • U.S. backed Syngman Rhee in South – Rep. of Korea
  • By 1950- U.S. supported South, Soviets the North
armed conflict begins
Armed Conflict Begins
  • North Korea crossed 38th, June 25, 1950
  • UN Security condemned invasion
  • Soviets absent- 6 months earlier left council in protest
  • Truman attached U.S. forces to Korea- never officially a ‘war’- only a ‘police action’
  • Truman reaction was not surprising (Truman Doctrine) but outside of assumed reaction
  • 1948: U.S. gradually w/drew troops from Korea
    • Dean Acheson, Sec of State claimed Korea was outside of U.S. defense perimeter
why did u s intervene
Why did U.S. Intervene
  • Tense Cold War Politics
  • U.S.S.R. atomic ready- 1949
  • U.S.S.R. intimidation of Turkey & Greece
  • ‘NSC 68’: analysis recommended heavy increase in military spending to offset Soviets
  • 1949- Communist China came to power
  • Truman criticized for ‘losing’ China
  • 1950 McCarthyism- Truman criticized for being to soft on Communism
  • Korea may be lost- can’t ‘lose’ another country in Asia
  • Fear Soviet & China sphere of Communism