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Realism (1865-1915). English III Ms. Eyberg , Ms. Foreman, and Ms. Guzman. Historical Context. United States grew rapidly after the Civil War increasing rates of democracy and literacy rapid growth in industrialism and urbanization expanding population base due to immigration

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realism 1865 1915

Realism (1865-1915)

English III

Ms. Eyberg, Ms. Foreman, and Ms. Guzman

historical context
Historical Context
    • United States grew rapidly after the Civil War
    • increasing rates of democracy and literacy
    • rapid growth in industrialism and urbanization
    • expanding population base due to immigration
    • a relative rise in middle-class affluence
  • Civil War brings demand for a “truer” type of literature that does not idealize people or places
    • readers interested in understanding rapid shifts in culture.
  • During this time, people in society were defined by “class”; materialism
  • Reflect ideas of Darwin (survival of the fittest) and Marx (how money and class structure control a nation)
genre style realism
Genre/Style Realism
  • A reaction against romanticism; told it like it was
  • Focus on lives of ordinary people; rejected heroic and adventurous
  • Anti-materialism; rejected the new “class” system
  • View of nature as a powerful and indifferent force beyond man’s control
genre style naturalism
Genre/Style Naturalism
  • A movement much like realism but a darker view
  • The universe is unpredictable
  • Fate is determined by chance
  • Free will is an illusion
  • Characters’ lives shaped by forces they can not understand or control
genre style
  • Novels, short stories
  • Often aims to change a specific social problem
  • Dominant themes: survival, fate, violence, nature as an indifferent force
major writers the c ivil war
Major Writers: The Civil War
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896)
    • The utmost famous woman of her day
    • Uncle Tom’s Cabin
      • The most influential book of the 19th century
      • 1st book to sell 1 million copies
      • One of the most effective documents of propaganda
      • Helped fuel the Civil War
major writers the civil war
Major Writers: The Civil War
  • Frederick Douglass (1817-1895)
    • An escaped slave
    • One of the most effective orators of his day
    • Influential newspaper writer
    • Militant abolitionist; diplomat
    • Autobiography an instant and enduring classic of courage
major writers the frontier 1865 1915
Major Writers: The Frontier (1865-1915)
  • Mark Twain (1835-1910)
    • Samuel Langhorne Clemens
    • Widely thought to be the greatest American humorist
    • Used vernacular (ordinary dialect), exaggeration, deadpan (expressionless) narrator to create humor
  • Major works
    • “Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras Country” (tall tale)
    • Adventures of Tom Sawyer
    • Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
major writers the frontier 1865 19151
Major Writers: The Frontier (1865-1915)
  • Stephen Crane (1871-1900) (Naturalist)
    • Attacked patiotism, individualism, and organized religion
    • Confronted the meaninglessness of the world
    • Crane’s writing known for its images and symbolism
  • Red Badge of Courage (most famous work; set in the Civil War)
  • “The Open Boat” (man vs. Nature’s indifference)
  • “An Episode of War”
major writers the frontier 1865 19152
Major Writers: The Frontier (1865-1915)
  • Jack London (1876-1916)(Naturalist)
    • Pushed Naturalism to its limits
    • Call of the Wild (tame dog forced to revert to his original primitive state)
    • “To Build a Fire” (survival of the fittest)
major writers the local colorists 1865 1930 painted specific portraits of american regions
Major Writers: The Local Colorists(1865-1930) (Painted specific portraits of American regions)
  • Bret Harte (1836-1902)
    • The Old West
    • “The Outcasts of Poker Flat”
  • Kate Chopin (1851-1904)
    • The Louisiana Bayou
    • The Awakening
  • Willa Cather (1873-1947)
    • Life of the Nebraska prairie
    • Won Pulitzer Prize