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Pourquoi?. To avoid restating a place or location, replace it with the pronoun y. The various rules are similar to the pronoun en’s. Y also replaces any preposition along with the place/location such as: dans, à, au, chez, sur, sous, en,. Comment?.

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Pourquoi
Pourquoi?

To avoid restating a place or location, replace it with the pronoun y. The various rules are similar to the pronoun en’s.

Y also replaces any preposition along with the place/location

such as: dans, à, au, chez, sur, sous, en,


Comment
Comment?

First, identify the place or location and its preposition. Replace both the preposition and the place/location with y and place y before the conjugated verb.

-Tu peux aller au supermarché?

-Can you go to the supermarket?

-Oui. J’y vais tout de suite.

-Yes. I can go there right away.


L anglais
L’anglais

In English, if someone were to ask “Can I go to the movies?”, one might answer “Okay. You can go”.

In French “Tu peux aller”, isn’t a complete statement. If you don’t follow the verb with a place, you must say: “Tu peux y aller.”


Infinitif
Infinitif

If there is an infinitive, y goes directly before the infinitive verb.

-Est-ce que tu veux aller à l’école?

-Do you want to go to school?

-Non. Je ne veux pas y aller.

-No. I don’t want to go there.


Pass compos
Passé Composé

When using y with past tense, y goes before the helping verb (avoir or être).

-Est-ce que tu es allé(e) au café?

-Did you go to the café?

-Oui. J’y suis allé(e)

-Yes. I went there.


Futur
Futur

In the future tense, y goes after the helping verb (aller). This is similar to our other pronouns.

-Est-ce que tu vas aller chez Julien?

-Are you going to Julien’s?

-Oui. Je vais y aller.

-Yes. I will go (there).


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