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ROMANIA - Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development. ICZM progress in Romania. Msc. Lucia Ana VARGA, PhD. Mary-Jeanne ADLER, Dumitru DOROGAN. The urge for integrated management of coastal zone is found in UN Agenda 21 EU Requirements :

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ROMANIA - Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

ICZM progress in Romania

Msc. Lucia Ana VARGA,

PhD. Mary-Jeanne ADLER,


integrated coastal zone management iczm eu international necessity
The urge for integrated management of coastal zone is found in UN Agenda 21

EU Requirements :

-the need for integrated management of river basins including coastal zones in order to sustain economic development in the future.

EU Guidelines:

Water Framework Directive (WFD-2000/60/EC)

EU ICZM Recommendations (2002/413/EC)

EU Draft on Marine Strategy and Maritime Policy

Black Sea Convention’92

BlackSea Strategic Action Plan for the Protection and Rehabilitation of the Black Sea

Integrated Coastal Zone Management - ICZM( EU & international necessity)

Institutional and legislative measures

Monitoring and research programs

institutional and legislative measures
Institutional and legislative measures
  • Specificlegislation in course of updating - coastal zone law or development - ICZM Strategy& Action Plan
  • Institutional structure: National Committee, Working Groups &Technical Secretariat

National and international collaboration for research and regional development projects

MATRA –Dutch assistance-2005-2007

-assistance for strengthening of the capacity building in the ICZM implementation process (public awareness, consultancy indrafting of a national ICZM Strategy and strengthening the capacity of the working groups)

JICA-Japanese assistance (2005-2007):

-Study for the Protection and Rehabilitation of the Southern Romanian Black Sea Shore

-2 priority selected Feasibility Studies: Mamaia and Eforie

INTERREG CADSES Projects: CADSEALAND (2005-2007), PlanCoast (2006-2008)

1 danube basin issues that iczm should address

ROMANIA - Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

1. Danube Basin issues that ICZM should address

Integrated Coastal Plan Management should adress to the Danube-Black Sea water object

1a danube regime

Seasonal variation of the mean monthly discharges of some Danube gauging stations


the mean annual maximum at orsova gauging station
The mean annual maximum at Orsova gauging station

Mean maximum discharge (cm/s)



Years with maximum discharges: 1924, 1926, 1940, 1942, 1944, 1954, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1974, 1981, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2006

minimum discharge
Minimum discharge

Mean annual minimum discharge (cm/s)



Years with minimum discharges95% (1610m3/s) - in January 1893, 1901, December 1902, January1954, October 1985 (the smallest – 1060 m3/s). For shipment on downstream of Iron Gates sector, the minimum discharge is 2500 - 2700 m3/s



  • The load transport was diminished
  • Modification of the transversal profiles and longitudinal profile of the river

Variation in time of the transversal profile (a) and the correspondents water level at the 3000 m3/s discharge, and at 8000 m3/s (b), in the cross section Corabia (Km 624+200) of the Danube River

H, cm

the impact of the reservoirs and hydrotechnical infrastructures on the interior rivers of romania

Mean annual loads (kg/s)


The impact of the reservoirs and hydrotechnical infrastructures on the interior rivers of Romania
load tendency at the iron gates reservoir orsova and at the input of the danube delta ceatal ismail
Load tendency at the Iron Gates Reservoir (Orsova) and at the input of the Danube Delta (Ceatal Ismail)
1c ecosystems of the danube river









hydrology and water chemistry changes



Before 1960







Water inflow











P(PO4) inflow





N(NO3) inflow





Hydrology and water chemistry changes

Annual Nitrogen Load in the Danube (in kt/y), subdivided over the countries of origin, with a high estimate for the in stream denitrification (= removal rate)

ICPDR Report, 2004

Strengthening the implementation capacities

for the nutrient reduction and transboundary cooperation in the DRB - UNDP GEF Danube Regional Project



ICPDR Policies & Actions

The Joint Action Programme

policies and strategies of the jap
Policies and Strategies of the JAP
  • River Basin Management and implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive
  • Emission inventory and pollution reduction
  • Restoration of wetlands and flood plains
  • Transnational Monitoring Network (TNMN) and extended water quality standards
  • Accident warning system and prevention
  • Sustainable flood control and prevention
  • Domestic and basin wide water balance.
memorandum of understanding

Memorandum of Understanding

between the International Commission for the Protection of the Black Sea (ICPBS) and the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) on Common Strategic Goals

Joint Danube / Black Sea

Technical Working Group

black sea romanian coastal zone
Black Sea Romanian Coastal Zone
  • Shore length- 244 Km (7.65% from total Romanian border)
    • Upland Impact zone


    • Planning Zone
    • Management Zone

50 - 150 m (coastal strip) +1 NM seaward from baseline

    • Black Sea Impact Zone

(1 NM line inland+12 NM)


Main threats in the Romanian coastal zone


Coastal erosion

Land use

  • threatens most at:
  • Northern section:
  • -Section between
  • Sulina & St. George
  • and south of St. George
  • Southern section:
  • • Mamaia
  • Constanta
  • Eforie Nord
  • • Eforie Sud
  • • Costinesti
  • • Olimp to Mangalia

caused by:

• Non-point sources (agriculture)

• Point-sources

(ind.+ mun.

waste water)

• Potential water

shortage in North of Constanta County

  • Potential land-use
  • conflicts due to:
  • • increasing land demand
  • due to urban growth.
  • • increasing land demand
  • for tourism development
  • • increasing land demand
  • for industrialization
  • close to urban centers
  • unplanned settlements

Nutrient Reduction to the Black Sea

  • Goals:
    • In short and medium terms, by adopting appropriate strategies, that will permit economic development, whilst assuring the recovery of the agricultural and industrial sector activities, the discharge of nutrient and hazardous substances into the Black Sea shall not exceed the discharges from 1997
    • In the long-term, the Black Sea ecosystems shall recover to conditions similar to those observed in the 1960s through progressive reduction of loads of anthropogenically applied nutrients and hazardous substances in all countries of the Black Sea Basin.
erosion processes
Erosion processes
  • Romania has a territorial coastline extending over about 240 km along the northwestern side of the Black Sea. In the past several decades, however, the Romanian Black Sea shore has been suffering from serious beach erosion problems. The northern unit of the Romanian coastal area, which is designated as the Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation, is most affected, but its southern unit is also in danger where the economical activity is strong, including the tourism industry.
  • Most of the coast area is being eroded with the rate of up to 2.0 m per year. The southern part of Mamaia Beach is subject to the severest erosion. Without countermeasures against beach erosion, the shoreline is expected to retreat by 70 m on the average in twenty years; sandy beaches will disappear and some hotels will be susceptible to the danger of total collapse.
  • Many cliffs are also being eroded by wave abrasion at their feet and/or slip failure in their upper part due to the rise of ground water table during heavy rain etc. The northeastern part of Constantza City and the shore side of Eforie City have many housings and buildings near the edges of the cliffs. The cliffs in the study area have been eroded with the rate of about 0.6 m per year in the place where no protective measures have been implemented.
implementing iczm solutions
Implementing ICZM solutions

The implementation will be dealing with legislation, monitoring, enforcement and evaluation, including the relevant results of the PlanCoast Project

next steps
  • Providing of a roughly estimated budget (Dutch evaluations) of 5 –7 million Euro including external assistance for:

* Dissemination of coastal knowledge

* Initiation and development of coastal pilot projects

* Improved decision making, training.

* Joint cooperation-projects, programs.

* Sustainable use of coastal resources (practical & functional mechanism).

  • Implementing the national program of measures HG 164/2004 for the protection and rehabilitation of the coastal zone (JICA Study southern littoral against erosion) for 2007-2020
conclusion next actions
Conclusion – next actions
  • Collaboration with the stakeholders;
  • Strengthening thecapacity of the coordinating bodies.
  • Organizing common training programs, disseminating best available practices and practical implementation of the specific laws – we are waiting for the PlanCoast results in this respect;
  • Technical, economic and financial feasibility projects of alternative options to take adaptive/corrective actions (international collaboration);
  • Financial support for projects implementation (national budget, structural & cohesion funds, loans, sponsors, etc) - Implementing the national program of measures HG 164/2004 for the protection and rehabilitation of the coastal zone (JICA Study southern littoral against erosion) for 2007-2020

Final boot: Sea land use planning under conservation and sustainable development constraints