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Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation

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Articles of Confederation

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  1. Articles of Confederation America’s 1st plan of government 1777-1887

  2. Articles of Confederation • Article I. The Stile (name) of this Confederacy shall be "The United States of America.“ • Article II. Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power … and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled. • Article III. The said states hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other, for their common defence, the security of their Liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretence whatever • Article IV(4). The better to secure and perpetuate [continue] mutual friendship and intercourse [communication] among the people of the different States in this Union … the people of each State shall free ingress [enter] and regress [come back] to and from any other State, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of trade and commerce …. • Article V(5). …. No State shall be represented in Congress by less than two, nor more than seven members …. In determining questions in the United States in Congress assembled, each State shall have one vote …. • Article VIII(8). All charges of war, and all other expenses that shall be incurred [acquired] for the common defense or general welfare, and allowed by the United States in Congress assembled, shall be defrayed [provided] out of a common treasury, which shall be supplied by the several States …. The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid [set] and levied [collected] by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several States ….

  3. A. Article IX(9). The United States in Congress assembled, shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of determining on peace and war … — of sending and receiving ambassadors (representatives) — entering into treaties and alliances …. B. The United States in Congress assembled shall also have the sole and exclusive right and power of regulatingthe alloy [metals] and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of the respective States — fixing the standards of weights and measures throughout the United States — regulating the trade and managing all affairs with the Indians … C. establishing or regulating post offices from one State to another, throughout all the United States… D. The United States in Congress assembled shall have authority — to borrow money, or emit bills on the credit of the United States and ask states to contribute from their armies. • Article XIII(13). Every State shall abide by the determination of the United States in Congress assembled, on all questions which by this confederation are submitted to them. And the Articles of this Confederation shall be inviolably observed by every State, and the Union shall be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them; unless such alteration [change] be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every State

  4. Does the national Government have this power under the Articles of Confederation?

  5. Does the national Government have this power under the Articles of Confederation?

  6. Successes:Land Ordinance 1785 • Sale of land won from Britain in Treaty of Paris of 1781 provided some income for U.S. • Provided a model for orderly settlement of new territory

  7. Successes: Northwest Ordinance 1787 • Outlawed slavery in states of Northwest Territory • Provided free public education in states of Northwest Territory • Set up rules for statehood

  8. What states came from the Northwest Territory? • State of Ohio, 1803 • State of Indiana, 1816 • State of Illinois, 1818 • State of Michigan, 1837 • State of Wisconsin, 1848 • State of Minnesota, 1858

  9. Arguments • States placed tariffs • on each others products and hurt trade • Disagreements on laws and amendments • Boundary • Disputes • No national • courts • Economic Problems • Large war debt • Couldn’t regulate interstate or foreign trade • Inflation • Depression • Too Weak • Couldn’t • Tax • Enforce laws (no executive) • Respect from • other Nations • We couldn’t pay war debt • Couldn’t enforce treaties • Problems protecting frontier • from Indian attacks • Problems with foreign trade Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

  10. Review 5 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

  11. In 1786 a Massachusetts farmer named Daniel Shays led 2000 farmers to attack the Court House over foreclosures due to the Depression Shays Rebellion

  12. So why is this event significant? It convinced leaders that the weaknesses of the Articles, especially the poor economy that resulted could lead to anarchy (loss of order) and the failure of the new nation

  13. So… Why did they create such a weak government in the first place? Because of their experiences under King George, citizens feared a strong central government and thought states could better protect their rights.

  14. Lets draw a conclusion or make a prediction