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Sui-Tang Era. Introduction. Sui rose in 580 CE Began with Wendi – a Chinese noble He struck a marriage alliance with his daughter and the ruler of the northern Zhou He then seized the throne of his son-in-law and proclaimed himself emperor He also won support of the northern nomads.

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Introduction
Introduction

  • Sui rose in 580 CE

  • Began with Wendi – a Chinese noble

  • He struck a marriage alliance with his daughter and the ruler of the northern Zhou

  • He then seized the throne of his son-in-law and proclaimed himself emperor

  • He also won support of the northern nomads


Where is wendi
Where is Wendi?

  • His son, Yangdi, murdered him

  • He then took the throne, extended conquests, established a milder legal code, upgraded Confucian education

  • He was fond of luxury and construction projects

  • Built palaces, canals, even built his own forest…

  • Fought to bring Korea under Chinese control but failed…


The tang
The Tang

  • One of Yangdi’s officials – Li Yuan, emerged as the next leader

  • He laid the basis for the Golden Age of the Tang

  • Penetrated as deep as Afghanistan

  • They extended into Tibet, Vietnam, and Manchuria

  • Built an empire larger than the Han


Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy

  • Political power was shared by the succession of imperial families and bureaucrats who passed the civil service exam

  • The aristocracy ran the administrative positions while the educated class worked as the secretaries

  • The executive department was divided into 6 ministries…


The examination system
The Examination System

  • The Tang educated in Confucian classics

  • The exam system was expanded

  • Different kinds were administered by the Ministry of Rites

  • The highest offices were reserved for those who could pass the hardest of exams – philosophy and law

  • Those who excelled in Chinese Literature would earn the title – jinshi - dignitaries


Sui tang era

  • Success on the exams afforded you the ability to wear different types of clothing and be exempt from certain punishments

  • Even though exams were important, birth and family counted for something as well… many families continued the tradition of education and often the government was dominated by certain families…