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Chapter 14.1 Growing Tensions Over Slavery
Key Terms and People • Popular sovereignty • Secede • Fugitive • Henry Clay • John Calhoun • Daniel Webster
Why It Matters • The Missouri Compromise of 1820 helped settle the slavery issue for awhile • The Mexican War which added new territory will stir the slavery issue again • This renewed the struggle over “states’ rights’ and slavery
Slavery and the Mexican-American War • Still Balanced: 1820-1846: 4 new free states and 4 slaveholding states entered in the Union
The Wilmot Proviso • Missouri Compromise only dealt with Louisiana Territory • David Wilmot proposed that Congress ban any slavery in the Mexican Cession • Passed the House of Representative but slide to a stop in the Senate. Why?
The Antislavery Party • Rise of new political party arose over the issue or problem of slavery • Democrats and Whigs would not take a stand on slavery. Why?
Popular Sovereignty • Proposed by Senator Cass of Michigan that allowed people made the decision by voting rather or not there would be slavery. • The Democrats and Whigs that wanted to address the problem of slavery formed the Free-Soil Party
Martin Van Buren Again • Free-Soil Party chooses Martin Van Buren to be there candidate in the 1848 presidential elections • They called for “free-soil” in the Mexican Cession
1848 Elections • Martin Van Buren: Free-Soil Party • Lewis Cass: Democrat • Zachary Taylor: Whig
Bitter DebatePage 484 • California wants enter the Union as a free State • Upset the Balance • South will secede if admission into the Union will upset the balance in the Senate • South also angry over the runaway slaves that many Northerners helped escape • YOU HAVE STOLEN PROPERY and we want them back.
Henry Clay saves the day! • He proposed the Compromise of 1850 • Daniel Webster supported this compromise • John C. Calhoun was clearly disagreed with this compromise
Compromise of 1850 • California becomes a Free State • The North will return slaves under the Fugitive Slave Act: • Banned selling slaves in Washington, DC • Popular Sovereignty
Important stuff • Wilmot Proviso • Free-Soil Party • Proposed California statehood • Bitter Conflict over Slavery