WALKSAFE Gillian Hotz, Ph.D. Director Neurotrauma Outcome Research Co-Director Pediatric Brain & SCI Program Director WalkSafe Program Associate Professor University of Miami-Miller School of Medicine Jackson Memorial Medical Center
Support Sponsored by the Ryder Trauma Center at University of Miami – Miller School of Medicine. Funding for this program provided by grants from: The Florida Department of Transportation The Children’s Trust FedEx
National Problem 1. Approximately 25,000 children are struck by motor vehicles each year in the United States. 2. Pedestrian vs. motor vehicle crashes represents 22% of total injury by this population(NHTSA 2000). 3. More school aged pedestrians are killed in the afternoon than the morning with 42% of the fatalities occurring in crashes between 3 and 4 pm(USDOT 1999).
Miami-Dade County 1. 2005: Florida has the 3rd highest pedestrian fatality rates in the nation. 2. 2005: Miami-Dade county is ranked #1 in the State for pedestrian fatalities and injuries(FDOT). 3. The mortality rate of pedestrian trauma in this county (3.9 per 100,000) is higher than the national average (2.3 per 100,000) (McCann & DeLillie,2000).
MIAMI-DADE COUNTY(<14 years)PHBC DATA Miami-Dade MPO Pedestrian Crash Data Base
Literature Review 1. Child education programs are the most effective approach to prevention 2. There is wide acceptance of teaching pedestrian safety skills by using knowledge-base approaches and practical training exercises in a real traffic environment (Zeedyk eta l., 2002). 3. The United States has spent many years and millions of dollars researching pedestrian and bicycle safety; however, few comprehensive interventions designed to reduce pedestrian injuries in children have been evaluated.
USA Needs a Program 4. In Canada and the United Kingdom pedestrian/bicycle safety is taught nationwide for all school-aged children. 5. There have been many attempts to teach this information, however, it is now recommended that the best place for it to be learned is in the classroom.
Injury Prevention ModelThe Five E’s Education Engineering Enforcement Evaluation Encouragement
WalkSafe Can …. Reduce pediatric pedestrian injury and fatalities by providing the WalkSafe Program, a school-based safety education program for elementary school age children
Community-Based Partnership The Ryder Trauma Center Miami – Dade County Public Schools Miami – Dade Police Department Metro-Dade Public Works Department Miami–Dade School Board Police Dept. Beber Silverstein Group Funded by Florida Department of Transportation
Study Phases Phase I: Review of the literature and Retrospecitve data review and develop Prospective Surveillance System (2001) Phase II: Develop PPT Study & Partnerships (2001/2002) Phase III: Pilot Project in 4 schools in 2 districts (2/02) Phase IV: WalkSafe: 16 schools in LC (2/03) Phase V: WalkSafe: 203 schools MD(10/03) Phase VI: Sustaining WalkSafe and Expansion (10/04) Phase VII: WalkSafe: District 1: 32 schools (10/05) Phase VIII: WalkSafe: Little Havana & Overtown: 16 schools (10/06) Phase IX: Continue to evaluate and implement the program in other high risk districts. (07/08) Phase X: Expand the program Statewide (07/08)
County-wide Program After the implementation of the WalkSafe program there has been a decrease in the number of pedestrian injuries and fatalities of children in the targeted age range (5-12yrs) seen or admitted to the two Level 1 trauma centers in Miami Dade County, as well as in such injuries reported for the County overall.
County-wide Program • Our program is one of the first elementary school based injury prevention programs that has been evaluated and able to show that it may be possible to have an effect on decreasing the number of children being involved in motor vehicle accidents as pedestrians. • We have been able to demonstrate that this program was beneficial for Miami-Dade County, the highest risk county in Florida.
The Intervention Making Communities Safer
Program Objectives 1. Implementation of a formal educational school based program for elementary school children ( K -5) 2. Development of a comprehensive multidisciplinary community oriented partnership program, involving: education, engineering and enforcement. 3. Implementation of the WalkSafe Program on a yearly basis.
Goals 1.To lower the incidence of Pediatric Pedestrian Trauma (PPT). 2.Increase school age children’s knowledge about pedestrian safety. 3.Develop street crossing skills. 4.Change pedestrian behavior. 5.Create a more pedestrian – friendly environment around schools. 6.Collect data to measure program outcomes.
International Walk to School Week International Walk to School Week: October 3 –5, 2007 International Walk to School Day: Wednesday October 3, 2007 Information: http://www.walktoschool.org call Brian Hannigan, RN @ 305-666-6511 ext. 2516
Intervention Schedule The program curricula will be taught this year to coincide with the International Walk to School Day.
WalkSafe Program Curriculum The program will be held daily for half hour sessions on three consecutive days. Three separate curricula will be presented: - Kindergarten and Grade 1 - Grades 2 and 3 - Grades 4 and 5 Each curriculum has three lesson plans.
Educational Videos All videos for the WalkSafe Program will be available on Teachers Choice. In order to schedule the videos for your class you need to call 786- 275- 0800 and then follow the menu. Name of the video Grade Level Code “Stop and Look with Willy Whistle” K – 3rd 1070 “A Surprise for Otto “ K – 3rd 1073 “Walking with your eyes” 4- 5th 1069
WalkSafe Websites ●http://www.walksafe.us ● http://www.cure.fau.edu/pedbike/ ● These websites have all the materials needed for the Walk Safe program. ● For any further information, contact the Walksafe Research Office at 305-243-8115.
WalkSafe Program CurriculumKindergarten and Grade 1 Day 1: Classroom Education & Video 1.Thought provoking questions (pay special attention to their answers). • How many students walk to school? • How many of your students know what to do when a car is approaching? 2. Videos: “Stop and Look with Willy Whistle” and “A Surprise for Otto” 3.Students will answer questions about the video. 4. Complete workbook activities.
WalkSafe Program CurriculumKindergarten and Grade 1 Day 2: Outside Simulation • A brief review on the previous day’s video and questions. • ASK your students if they remember the video’s they watch the day before. 2. Street crossing activity: Using a pretend road (set-up on school grounds), students will be asked to react to different scenarios. • Recommend using a P.E. field. 3. Red & green circles will be needed. • Red light-What does this mean? What do you do? 4. If time permits, students should complete workbook activities.
Outside simulation Car on thestreet Students Curb/edge Cones Spot for teacher, Conducting the simulation
An open space and creativity are needed to recreate your pretend road…
WalkSafe Program CurriculumKindergarten and Grade 1 Day 3: Poster Contest 1. Review key concepts learned during the week. • Talk about the what they learned form the video and the outside simulation 2. Students will create a poster about how to cross the street safely. 3. Each child will receive a WalkSafe certificate.
WalkSafe Program CurriculumGrades 2 and 3 1. Same basic layout as K-1 curriculum. • The outside simulation are identical to that of kindergarten and first grade. 2. Use of the same videos. 3. Introduce the word pedestrian. 4. Outside activities are the same. 5. Poster contest on day 3. • The winning posters from each class are hung around the school to demonstrate and educate other on walking safely .
WalkSafe Program CurriculumGrades 4 and 5 Day1 1. Short video: “Walking With Your Eyes.” Days 2 1. A brief review of their video from the previous day. 2. Using a pretend road (set-up on P.E. field), students will play a game that requires them to use their knowledge of pedestrian safety.
WalkSafe Program CurriculumGrades 4 and 5 Day 3 1. Review key concepts learned during the week. 2. Students will create a poster about how to cross the street safely. 3. Each child will receive a WalkSafe certificate.
Engineering: Dept. of Public Works • Recommendations made surrounding all 203 elementary schools in M-D county. Liberty City completed, working on Opa Locka, Miami Gardens, Carol City. • Hurricane damage is a problem with trees and signage.
Engineering Componentfor Liberty City Schools The following environmental recommendations for pedestrian were safety submitted: ● New street signage for pedestrians (16/16) ● Repaint pavement markings (16/16) ● New flashing signals (3/16) ● Relocation of speed and loading zones (5/16) ● Increase maintenance of the street (2/16) ●Relocation of signals and crosswalks (4/16) ●Request for additional crossing guards (2/16). A total of 32 orders were approved by the Department to be corrected during the year 2003.
Enforcement For the month of October we encourage the participation of the M-D Police Dept and M-D School Board Police and City of Miami Gardens Police Dept. to increase radar, ticketing and enforce traffic laws around the elementary schools.
Checklist • Program available on line at www.walksafe.us • Copy of the curriculum and program materials. • Schedule a training session using the Walk Safe PowerPoint presentation for all of your teachers at your school. • Work on time and scheduling for the program on the designated days. • Check resources available at your school for videos through teachers choice.
Teachers Survey Make sure your teachers complete the Walk Safe Program Survey available online and submit it back to your schools office at the end of the program. Your feedback is very important to us…
Funding We would encourage any other counties that would like to implement the WalkSafe program to apply for funding from different grant mechanisms or foundations in their counties. It would be helpful for having a dedicated person to coordinate the program and also allow for purchasing some of the promotional items and supplies. The funding sources that are available in Florida: • The Florida Dept. of Transportation, • Safe Routes to School Non-infrastructure program • Transportation Enhancement programs • EMS grants • Foundation grants • Corporate Sponsors
…You can help our kids Walk Safe! Ayude a nuestros niños a dar pasos seguros !!
Contact Information • Program Director: Gillian Hotz, PhD • E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org • Phone:(305) 243-4004 • Fax:(305) 243-4006 • WalkSafe Research Office • Website:http://www.walksafe.us • E-mail:email@example.com • Phone:(305) 243-8115 • Fax:(305) 243-8114