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Marin County Livestock Protection Program. CACASA Weed and Vertebrate Committee May 2, 2006 Stacy Carlsen. ( Photo courtesy of Marin Agricultural Land Trust). Overview. Controversial Program History and Background Integrated Livestock Protection Cost Share Program

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marin county livestock protection program

Marin CountyLivestock Protection Program

CACASA

Weed and Vertebrate Committee

May 2, 2006

Stacy Carlsen

(Photo courtesy of Marin Agricultural Land Trust)

overview
Overview
  • Controversial Program
  • History and Background
  • Integrated Livestock Protection
  • Cost Share Program
  • Livestock Protection Components
  • Livestock Indemnification
  • Evaluation and Rate of Success
  • Future Activities

(Photo courtesy of Marin Agricultural Land Trust)

i locally controversial program
I. Locally Controversial Program
  • Contract with USDA Wildlife Services
  • Little emphasis on non-lethal methods
  • Years of heated debates
  • $60K / year ($30K and $30K Co. match)
  • Livestock / sheep losses estimated at greater than 5%
history and background
History and Background
  • 1989 USDA Contract established in County (1/2 PY)
  • 1996 (Feb.) 1080 Livestock Collar registered by DPR
  • 1997 Initiated Livestock Protection Collar Pilot Project
  • (Compound 1080)
  • Marin, Sonoma, Mendocino
  • 1997 Full time position approved by Board of Supervisors
  • 1998 (Nov.) Proposition 4 Anti-trapping/poison Initiative passes
  • Animal Activist, News Media, Protest Increased “Local Tax Dollars replaces traps and poison” as the issue
  • 1998-2001 USDA-WS cooperative agreement protested year round. Multiple public meetings, Board reports.
  • 2000 notify USDA of 18 month sunset to contract and initiated local program
  • 2001(October) Launch 5 year livestock strategic plan, $50K/ year
  • 2006 Authorized additional 5 year program, $50k/year
ii integrated livestock protection
II. Integrated Livestock Protection
  • Discontinued Wildlife Services Contract

18 month sunset and program options

  • Initiated County program October 2001
  • County Funded at $50K / year
  • Non-lethal program emphasis on exclusion
  • Five Year Strategic Plan- Goals, initiatives
  • Integrated approach with statistical analysis
iii cost share program
III. Cost Share Program

$2000.00/ yr. for 200 head or greater

$500.00/ yr. for >25 head but < 200 head

Matching funds, receipts, site inspections

$220K spent on project in past 5 yrs.

$250K planned over next 5 years

Future efforts to focus on high predation areas, habitat modifications, husbandry, premium fences

iv livestock protection components
IV. Livestock Protection Components

Comprehensive approach, including

cost-sharing of exclusion and

non-lethal improvements:

- Fencing

132,880 linear feet (25.1 miles)

iv livestock protection components8
IV. Livestock Protection Components

Comprehensive approach, including

Cost-Sharing of exclusion and

non- lethal improvements:

- Guard Animals

23 dogs

19 llamas

- Mixed Livestock Grazing

iv livestock protection components9

IV. Livestock Protection Components

Comprehensiveapproach, including

Cost-Sharing of exclusion and

non- lethal improvements:

Visual Deterrents,

Scare devices &noise makers

16 strobe & radio devices

iv live stock protection components

IV. Livestock Protection Components

Comprehensive approach, including

cost-sharing of exclusion and non-lethal improvements:

- Husbandry Practices

night penning/protective paddocks

shepherding

adjust lambing season

iv livestock protection components11

IV. Livestock Protection Components

Comprehensive approach including

cost-sharing of exclusion and

non-lethal improvements:

- Ranchers and Creativity

electric fencing,

mixing stock,

behavioral modifiers,

call and shoot,

snares

slide12

Coyote management and

mutual assistance

Ranchers share efforts in region

Not just a spank and release program

iv indemnification

IV. Indemnification

Ranch and operation assessment by County/ UCCE

Meet livestock management standard to be eligible

Up to 5% of loss

Loss verified

Maintain good standing

v evaluators of success

V. Evaluators of Success:

Average Livestock Losses

Level of Participation

Annual Cost

Does it Meet Rancher and Community Needs

v evaluators of success15

V. Evaluators of Success:

1. Livestock Program Statistics:

- Number of sheep ~ 7,500

- Sheep under program ~ 6,700

- Average program loss < 2.2%

(for participating ranchers)

v evaluators of success16
V. Evaluators of Success:

V. Evaluators of Success:

2.Level of Participation:

  • FY 01/02 – 13 of 31 ranchers
  • FY 02/03 – 16 of 30
  • FY 03/04 – 17 of 29
  • FY 04/05 – 18 of 29
  • FY 05/06 – 21 of 29

All major producers participate with remainder being hobbyist or < 50 head

v evaluators of success17
V. Evaluators of Success:

3. Annual Cost:

-

FY 01/02 – $50K = $44K cost share / $6 K Indemnified

-FY 02/03 – $50K = $31K cost share / $19K Indemnified

-FY 03/04 - $40K = $26K cost share / $14K Indemnified

-FY 04/05 - $40K = $27K cost share / $13K Indemnified

-FY 05/06 - $40K = $30K est. cost / $10K Indemnified

-FY 06/07 - $50K = $40K est. cost / $10K Indemnified

…and

usda cost benefit analysis and replacement cost analysis
USDA Cost Benefit Analysis and Replacement Cost analysis
  • Model utilizes hypothetical data or estimates- 1 year of data.
  • Not based on trends or program analysis
  • No actual Cost/ Benefit performed
  • Replacement Cost Reports not peer reviewed
  • No collaboration
usda and marin co
USDA/UCCE documented livestock losses (Sept-Oct)

$36,240 (1994) 447 sheep

$83,000 (1995) 787 sheep

$39,440 (1996) 471 sheep

$40,950 (1997) 402 sheep

$36,776 (1998) 413 sheep

$32,776 (1999) 349 sheep

$82,805 (2000) 750 sheep

Mean $ Loss/ year =$43,585

Mean animal loss/ year =516

Marin/UCCE documented livestock losses (FY)

$28,227 (2001) 322 sheep

$19,350 (2002) 237 sheep

$14,322 (2003) 158 sheep

$13,052 (2004) 149 sheep

$12,000 (2005) 125 sheep***

(Current losses at 107)

Mean $ Loss/ Year = $17,390

Mean animal loss/ year = 198

*** Estimate -July to June

USDA and Marin Co.
slide20

Five Year Comparison of Animal Losses

Chi square test

Degrees of freedom: 4 Chi-square = 169.998557189603 p is less than or equal to 0.001. The distribution is significant.

slide21

Program Cost

USDA-WS

  • $38,500 (1996)
  • $58,500 (1997)
  • $59,000 (1998)
  • $60,000 (1999)
  • $60,000 (2000)

Marin County

  • $50,000 (2001/02)
  • $50,000 (2002/03)
  • $40,000 (2003/04)
  • $40,000 (2004/05)
  • $40,000 (2005/06)
  • $50,000 (2006/07)***

***Proposed Budget

slide22

Five Year Comparison of Program Cost

Chi-square test

Degrees of freedom: 4 Chi-square = 7.58076597433467 For significance at the .05 level, chi-square should be greater than or equal to 9.49. The distribution is not significant.p is less than or equal to 0.20.

v evaluators of success23
V. Evaluators of Success:
  • Does it Meet Rancher and Community Needs
  • Board of Sups. authorized 5 + yrs. with any balance encumbered
  • Consensus between ranchers and animal activist on program objectives
  • Increased budget to $50K / year in FY 06/07
  • Pilot projects (lambing shelters, model fencing, habitat modifications) under consideration pending grant authorization
vi future challenges

VI. Future Challenges

Funding for UC and CSU research projects for habitat modification and cost benefit analysis

Increased resources if greater participation

Increased urban coyote / public interactions

Continuous changing of non-lethal controls as coyotes learn to circumvent