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The Gilded Age. Political Machine. Offers services to voters and businesses in exchange for political or financial support Ex. Jobs, contracts, social services, community centers

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political machine
Political Machine
  • Offers services to voters and businesses in exchange for political or financial support
    • Ex. Jobs, contracts, social services, community centers
  • City Boss: controlled city jobs, influenced courts, built parks, sewers, distributed money to schools, hospitals, etc.
how political machines worked
How Political Machines Worked

Top: City Boss (Boss Tweed)-> controlled the machine

Middle: Ward Boss-> all precincts in district wide voting

Bottom: Party loyalists (precinct workers)-> gain voter’s support in precinct

city bosses
City Bosses
  • Fraud
    • Making up names of voters
    • Graft: illegal use of political influence for personal gain
      • Kickbacks, bribes, illegal activities
  • Boss Tweed: William M Tweed, leader of New York City’s powerful Democratic political machine; Tammany Hall
    • Led large group of corrupt politicians
    • Large kickbacks on courthouse
    • Thomas Nast made public aware with political cartoons
corruption at the national level
Corruption at the National Level
  • Patronage: giving government jobs to people who helped get a candidate elected
    • Also known as the spoils system
    • Not everyone was qualified
    • Could be used for personal gain
  • Reform took place under presidents, Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur
    • Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883: created bipartisan committee to appoint federal employees