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012 VICTORIAN GOTHIC 1830. Most successful and England’s major contribution Individualistic Architectural training haphazard Prosperity 1830 – 70, many buildings constructed Development Gothic revival to 1800 Post 1800, gaps despite gothic scholarship 1830’s – gaps begin to bridge.

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012 victorian gothic 1830
012 VICTORIAN GOTHIC 1830
  • Most successful and England’s major contribution
    • Individualistic
    • Architectural training haphazard
    • Prosperity 1830 – 70, many buildings constructed
  • Development
    • Gothic revival to 1800
    • Post 1800, gaps despite gothic scholarship
    • 1830’s – gaps begin to bridge
houses of parliament london 1836 60
HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT, LONDON 1836 - 60
  • Barry and Pugin
    • Barry, classical plan, symmetrical
    • Pugin, asymmetrical gothic facade
  • Contradictions
    • Tudor details on a classical body
    • Gave legitimacy and an appeal to the style
augustus welby northmore pugin
AUGUSTUS WELBY NORTHMORE PUGIN
  • Author of “Contrasts” and “The true principles of pointed or Christian architecture”.
    • Synthesized gothic archaeology, French rationalist theory and Roman Catholicism (escapism)
  • Only true architecture for England is gothic
    • Only pre-perpendicular was true gothic
  • Radical functionalism
    • Each part assumes necessary plan and volume and must be set together in an orderly way. (all equal)
  • Puginesque buildings
    • Function to plan, plan to interior volumes, interior volumes to external massing. Result is picturesque looking buildings.
high victorian gothic 1853
HIGH VICTORIAN GOTHIC 1853
  • John Ruskin
    • Main force in survival of historicism
    • Author of “Seven lamps of architecture”, 1849, and “The stones of Venice” 1851 – 53
    • Raged against modern age
    • Praised ancient buildings and craftsmen
      • Architectural aesthetic centered on “unnecessary” features of a building.
slide15
William Butterfield
  • Church of All Saints – 1852
    • Commissioned by reform group
      • Ecclesiological Society Sought to emphasize spirituality and provide colorful setting for clergy.
    • Constructed of brick for color and texture
      • Influenced by Sienna Cathedral
    • Program “squeezed” onto small site
      • Steep, vertical proportions
    • Interior composed of dense polychrome
      • Patterns compete
  • Chapel of Keble College 1867 - 83
slide16
George Edmund Street
    • St. Paul’s American Church, Rome, 1873 – 76
    • Law Courts
  • Secular High Victorian Gothic
    • Oxford University Museum 1855
      • Deane and Woodward
    • Albert Memorial 1863
      • G.C. Scott