un cefact plenary session 16 17 september 2008 geneva n.
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UN/CEFACT Plenary Session, 16-17 September 2008, Geneva. UNESCAP’s Approach to Trade Facilitation. Dr. Ravi Ratnayake Director Trade and Investment Division UNESCAP, Thailand. ESCAP in a nutshell. One of five United Nations Regional Commissions under ECOSOC

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un cefact plenary session 16 17 september 2008 geneva

UN/CEFACT Plenary Session, 16-17 September 2008, Geneva

UNESCAP’s Approach to Trade Facilitation

Dr. Ravi Ratnayake


Trade and Investment Division

UNESCAP, Thailand

escap in a nutshell
ESCAP in a nutshell
  • One of five United Nations Regional Commissions under ECOSOC
  • 53 member stated and 9 associate members, of which:
    • 12 Landlocked developing (out of 31) and 14 Least-developed countries (out of 50) are in UNESCAP region
  • Promoting an inclusive economic and social development in Asia-Pacific
  • Trade and Investment:
    • WTO accession and negotiations
    • FTAs/RTAs
    • Trade facilitation
    • Investment and enterprise development

Publication and Availability of Information on Trade Regulations

Non-tariff Measures

Trade and Customs Rules, Procedures and Formalities

International Conventions, Standards & Best Practices

Technical Regulations and Standards

Single Inquiry Points

Rules of Origin

Customs Clearance Formalities and Fees

Sanitary & Phytosanitary Measures

Import Licenses


Customs Valuation

Domestic Regulations

Preshipment Inspection


Access to Market


Export Credit Facilities

Transport documents & formalities

E-Commerce & E-Business

Electronic One-stop Solutions (Single Window)

Payment Services

Freight Forwarders Services

ESCAP’s Integrated & Comprehensive Approach to Trade Facilitation of (Fishbone Diagram)

Electronic Trade Documents

Foreign Exchange Measures

Logistics & Port Handling Services

Trade Finance


and Logistics

ICT Applications and e-solutions


bridging the implementation gaps

International Standards & Technology

National/ Subregional TF Policies & Strategies

Implementation of TF measures at the national/ subregional level (APEC, ASEAN, SAARC, SPECA)


Global rules & standards setting organizations (WTO, WCO, UN/CEFACT, ISO)

Bridging the implementation gaps…
the role of escap 1
The role of ESCAP (1)


Network for Efficient Trade

We benefit from a regional presence

We understand the regional

needs & sensitivities

Collaboration with regional & global partners


Promoting regional harmonization & synchronization

Providing capacity-building & experience-sharing support

Developing the implementation tools

We provide linkages between

policy-makers & technical experts

under the UN brand

UN Regional Network of Experts for Paperless Trade (UN NExT) – community of knowledge & best practice (ESCAP/UNECE)

Committee on Trade and Investment

the role of escap 2
Mission:provide community of knowledge & practice in Asia-Pacific to empower local experts through:

Peer-to-Peer support

Synergy in capacity building

Joint methodologies and implementation of standards

Common regional approach to problem solving

Sharing of experience, solutions and lessons learnt

Information exchange at the regional level (web-based platform)

Joint use work group solutions and tools

The role of ESCAP (2)

UN Network of Experts for Paperless Trade in Asia Pacific (UN NExT)

Exchange of


Regional needs

Training and




what can escap offer
What can ESCAP offer?
  • New user groups of UN/CEFACT’s solutions
  • Bridge between global solutions and regional implementation needs (developing implementation tools)
  • Technical assistance and Capacity building projects funded by UN (2004-present: three major trade facilitation projects between ESCAP & ECE funded under the UN Development Account project in Asia Pacific)
  • Research & analytical work to provide realistic overview of the implementation needs in the region
  • Expertise & neutral role of the secretariat staff
how can un cefact contribute
How can UN/CEFACT contribute?
  • Technical expertise & knowledge-sharing:
    • Development of training tools
    • Participation in the awareness-raising and consensus building forums
    • Participation in the workshops and training activities