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The “Fall” of Rome. What goes up…. Must come down…. What happened, ROme ?!. By 3 rd century AD, Rome faced many political, economic, military, and social problems. Economic Problems. Disruption of trade due to hostile tribes Lack of gold and silver resources Raised taxes

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Presentation Transcript
what happened rome
What happened, ROme?!
  • By 3rd century AD, Rome faced many political, economic, military, and social problems
economic problems
Economic Problems
  • Disruption of trade due to hostile tribes
  • Lack of gold and silver resources
  • Raised taxes
  • Minting coins with less silver  INFLATION
    • A drop in value of money + rise in prices
  • Decline in agriculture  food shortage
military political problems
Military & Political Problems
  • Soldiers became less loyal to Rome and more to commanders
  • Government hired mercenaries who were not loyal to Rome
  • Citizens became less loyal
  • MAJOR PROBLEM #1:
    • Emperor Diocletian:
      • divided the empire into two parts
        • Greek speaking East (he ruled; wealthy)
        • Latin speaking West (he appointed a ruler)
      • Civil war broke out after his death
military political problems1
Military & Political Problems
  • MAJOR PROBLEM #2:
    • Emperor Constantine
      • Controlled the West
      • Gained control of the East
      • Moved the capital from Rome to Byzantium (important for trade purposes)
      • City became known as Constantinople
the final blow
The FINAL BLOW…
  • Germanic Peoples…a.k.a. “barbarians”
    • Lived on the outskirts of the empire
    • A.D. 370, Huns began terrorizing the Germanic peoples…
    • Germanic peoples pushed into Roman lands – particularly the West
    • Western military couldn’t stop them
  • Huns became a direct threat…terrorizing BOTH empires
  • Last Western Roman emperor ousted by Germanic forces in A.D. 476…and the empire disappeared…
  • East will continue to flourish…as the Byzantine Empire…