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Assessing School Policies Related to Tobacco and Other Health Issues. Kathy Begley, BA Data Management Coordinator Tobacco Policy Research Program Carol A. Riker, RN, MSN Provost’s Distinguished Service Professor. Youth Tobacco Statistics, 2003 (KY ). CDC Data Highlights 2006
Kathy Begley, BA
Data Management Coordinator
Tobacco Policy Research Program
Carol A. Riker, RN, MSN
Provost’s Distinguished Service Professor
CDC Data Highlights 2006
(Lovato, 2006; Barnett, 2007; Pointek, 2007)
SHS exposure is
Air Pollution in a Rural Kentucky High School Student Restroom is 19 Times the Federal Outdoor Air Quality Standard and Over 2 Times Higher than Lexington’s Bars, Pre-Law
PM2.5 (microgram per cubic meter)
Note. The National Ambient Outdoor Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for PM2.5 is 35 µg/m3 for 24 hours. There is no Indoor Air Quality Standard.
- On all school property
Additional components for prevention:
NOTE: Train all helpers
in this protocol!
high schools are being asked to participate
Go to our website: http://www.mc.uky.edu/tobaccopolicy/and click on Data Collection Forms – once you log in, you will select 2009 School Tobacco Policy
The data audit revealed that 57% of the errors occurred because boxes were not being checked properly.
Everyone sends Disposition Sheets!
Key Strategies Used in North Carolina (Summerlin-Long & Goldstein, 2008; Goldstein, 2003)
Communication Strategies: Key Messages
Demonstration of Local Support
Conflicting evidence about effects of social influence models
National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP), a service of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
NREPP is a searchable database of interventions for the prevention and treatment of mental and substance use disorders. SAMHSA has developed this resource to help people, agencies, and organizations implement programs and practices in their communities.
“There is not yet sufficient evidence to test the effectiveness of smoking cessation programmes for adolescents, although some approaches show promise.”
Barriers to implementation should be considered (researchers found many difficulties working with youth and organizations).
Use of the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) (Stages of Change) achieved moderate long-term success.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy trials showed some effectiveness.
Studies with Motivational Interviewing (MI) as a component also showed some effectiveness, but MI could not be isolated from other components of the intervention.
Train school personnel to use the 5As to provide brief, tailored interventions (counselors, FRYSC personnel, social workers, coaches).
Refer to “stopping smoking” (rather than quitting”)
Persons conducting the intervention should personally recruit teen smokers.
Be explicit about no alcohol while “stopping.”
Synergistic impact of policies, prevention and cessation programs may impact prevalence (Lovato, 2007; Kayaba, 2005)
Kathy Begley 859/323-8539
Carol Riker 859/323-6615 email@example.com
Ellen Hahn 859/257-2358