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IMPROVING CRASH DATA COLLECTION HOT TOPICS

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  1. IMPROVING CRASH DATA COLLECTIONHOT TOPICS July 2011 Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Traffic Safety

  2. DECEMBER 7th, 1941 PEARL HARBOR 2,896 LIVES LOST

  3. APRIL 19TH, 1995 OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING 168 LIVES LOST

  4. AUGUST 2005 KATRINA 1,033 LIVES LOST

  5. 2003 TO PRESENT IRAQ WAR 4,000 AMERICAN LIVES LOST

  6. 2010 ILLINOIS TRAFFIC FATALITIES 927 (AS OF 07/20/2011)

  7. QUALITY TRAFFIC CRASH REPORTINGHOT TOPICS CRASH DATA SAVES LIVES!

  8. OBJECTIVES 1. DATA IMPORTANCE ~ WHO CARES? 2. DATA USES ~ INSURANCE MYTH 3. HOT ISSUES ~ A.C.T. NOW

  9. CRIMES vs CRASHES HAVE YOU BEEN IN A TRAFFIC CRASH? HAVE YOU, OR HAS SOMEONE YOU KNOW BEEN THE VICTIM OF A SERIOUS CRIME?

  10. CRIMES vs CRASHES • CRASH RELATED PROPERTY LOSS OFTEN EXCEEDS THE DOLLAR AMOUNTS INVOLVED IN CRIMES SUCH AS BURGLARY AND THEFT • ACCURATE CRASH REPORTS ARE VITAL

  11. MINOR vs SERIOUS CRASHES • THE SEVERITY OF THE CRASH SHOULD NOT AFFECT THE IMPORTANCE OR QUALITY OF DATA

  12. CRASH DATA WHERE DOES IT ALL GO? WHO IS IT FOR?

  13. N T THE INSURANCE INDUSTRY!

  14. ENGINEERING IDOT USDOT YOUR COUNTY YOUR CITY AUTO MAKERS CRASH INVESTIGATION IDOT ISP LOCALS RESEARCHERS & DATA ANALYSTS IDOT USDOT OTHERS OTHER IDOT GROUPS DATA CORRECTIONS STATISTIC CODING LOCATION CODERS SAFETY RESPONSIBILITY CMV COMPLIANCE STATE FATAL DESK EVERYBODY WANTS YOUR DATA!

  15. COMMERCE COMMISSION SECRETARY OF STATE DRIVER SERVICES VEHICLE REGISTRATION EDUCATION GROUPS DRIVER TRAINING US & STATE SAFETY PROGRAMS SCHOOLS & UNIVERSITIES IL GENERAL ASSEMBLY TRAFFIC COURT SYSTEM MEDIA – TV, RADIO, PRINT INSURANCE INSTITUTE EVERYBODY WANTS YOUR DATA!

  16. IDOTDIVISION OF TRAFFIC SAFETY DTS ALONE USES 80 STAFF MEMBERS TO GET DATA STARTED

  17. IT’S YOUR INVESTIGATION, NOT JUST A FORM!

  18. A.C.T. NOW • ACCURACY • COMMON ERRORS / CONSISTENCY • COMPLETENESS • COMPLETION OF ALL REQUIRED FIELDS • TIMELINESS • PROMPT DATA = CRASH PREVENTION

  19. REPORTABILITY TYPE A VS. TYPE B INTERSECTION RELATED PRIVATE PROPERY LOCATION SAFETY EQUIPMENT COLLISION TYPES EVENTS DIAGRAM NARRATIVE CMV Handwriting COMMON ERRORS

  20. WHICH CRASHES REQUIRE REPORTING TO IDOT?

  21. WHEN YOUR AGENCY INVESTIGATES A CRASH INVOLVING • 1. DEATH • 2. INJURY • 3. DAMAGE TO ANY ONE PERSON’S • PROPERTY EXCEEDING $500 IF ANY • DRIVER IS NOT INSURED, OR $1,500 • WHEN ALL DRIVERS ARE INSURED • (EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2009) • IVC SECTION 5/11- 406(a) & 408(a) • See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 11

  22. PROPERTY DAMAGE THRESHOLD EXAMPLES • A 2-vehicle crash occurs causing $800 damage to one of the units. One driver is insured but the other is not; therefore, a report is required using the $501 - $1,500 threshold below. DAMAGE TO ANY  $500 OR LESS ONE PERSON’S  $501 - $1,500 VEHICLE/PROPERTY  OVER $1,500

  23. PROPERTY DAMAGE THRESHOLD EXAMPLES IF BOTH DRIVERS HAD BEEN INSURED AND THE DAMAGE REMAINED $800, NO REPORT WOULD BE REQUIRED. HOWEVER, IF ANY DAMAGE OVER $1,500 OCCURRED TO EITHER UNIT, A CRASH REPORT IS REQUIRED REGARDLESS OF INSURANCE. NOTE: IF INSURANCE IS UNKNOWN, ASSUME THEY ARE UNINSURED (HIT & RUN OR PARKED-NO DRIVER).

  24. THE NUTS ANDBOLTS OF THE FORM

  25. TWO CRASH TYPES • TYPE A – NO INJURY AND NO VEHICLE TOWED DUE TO DAMAGE SUSTAINED IN THE CRASH COMPLETE BLUE SHADED FIELDS • TYPE B – INJURY OR TOW • COMPLETE ENTIRE 1050

  26. CONSISTENCY • LOCATION • INJURY TYPE • DIAGRAM • NARRATIVE • FRONT AND BACK See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 11

  27. UNIT 1 OR UNIT 2 • UNIT 1 IS THE AT-FAULT VEHICLE • WHEN IN DOUBT ENTER THE STRIKING VEHICLE

  28. UNIT 1 OR UNIT 2? • DEER • TRAIN • CMV TRAILER

  29. THESE ARE NOT UNITS • DEER • TRAIN • CMV TRAILER LIST AS PROPERTY DAMAGE See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 11

  30. INTERSECTION RELATED • KEY WORD: RELATED See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 10

  31. INTERSECTION RELATED? EXAMPLE 3 VEHICLES ARE LINED UP WAITING FOR THE STOP LIGHT TO TURN GREEN. A FOURTH VEHICLE REAR ENDS UNIT 3, MORE THAN 60 FEET FROM THE INTERSECTION. DID THE INTERSECTION HAVE ANY BEARING ON THE OCCURRENCE OF THE CRASH?

  32. PRIVATE PROPERTY • DAMAGE TO PRIVATE PROPERTY DOES NOT EQUATE TO A PRIVATE PROPERTY CRASH • IT IS NOT A PRIVATE PROPERTY CRASH IF THE CRASH BEGINS ON A ROADWAY See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 10

  33. LOCATION DISTANCE AND DIRECTION FROM INTERSECTION NAME OF INTERSECTING ROADWAY STREET NAME WE MUST LOCATE EVERY CRASH ON A MAP See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 9

  34. BE SPECIFIC - if there are two northbound entrance ramps, specify which one.

  35. SAFETY BELTS • LIFE-SAVING INFORMATION • ASK AN EMT OR A WITNESS • USE YOUR EXPERT INVESTIGATIVE SKILLS TO CAPTURE THIS DATA • COMPLETE DATA = FEDERAL $$$ FOR SAFETY BELT PROGRAMS See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 11

  36. BAC .082 • MORE LIFE-SAVING INFORMATION • COMPLETE DATA = FEDERAL $$$ FOR ALCOHOL SAFETY PROGRAMS • TEST THE CMV DRIVER AFTER EVERY FATAL CRASH • TRACK TEST RESULTS AND FORWARD TO IDOT NO MATTER HOW LATE • USE FORMAT ABOVE See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 18

  37. CRASH DATA IS A STRATEGIC ASSET • CRASH DATA IS FUNDAMENTAL TO THE PLANNING, OPERATION AND EVALUATION OF SAFETY PROGRAMS. • FEDERAL TRAFFIC SAFETY AGENCIES HAVE A COMBINED BUDGET OF OVER 2.5 BILLION DOLLARS PER YEAR. NHTSA $700 MILLION FMCSA $500 MILLION FHWA $1.2 BILLION

  38. COLLISION TYPE (COLL) • SINGLE VEHICLE CRASHES • MULTI-VEHICLE CRASHES

  39. COLLISION TYPE (COLL) • ASINGLE VEHICLE CRASHOCCURS WHEN A MOTOR VEHICLE’S FIRST DAMGAGE/INJURYIS WITH SOMEONE ORSOMETHING OTHER THAN ANOTHER MOTOR VEHICLE See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 17

  40. (COLL) TYPES SINGLE VEHICLE CRASH TYPES 1 PEDESTRIAN 2 PEDALCYCLIST 3 TRAIN 4 ANIMAL 5 OVERTURNED 6 FIXED OBJECT 7 OTHER OBJECT 8 OTHER NONCOLLISION

  41. SINGLE VEHICLE CRASH EXAMPLE Example:Unit 1 slips on a patch of ice, spins out of control, leaves the roadway and strikes a tree in the median. This should be coded 6 – Fixed object. Note: simply losing control and leaving the roadway does not, in this case, involve a harmful event. Consideration must be given to when damage actually occurs. Therefore, losing control does not warrant coding this crash 8 – Other noncollision.

  42. COLLISION TYPE (COLL) • AMULTI-VEHICLE CRASHOCCURS WHEN A MOTOR VEHICLE’SFIRST DAMAGE/INJURYIS WITH ANOTHER MOTOR VEHICLE • REMEMBER: THE INTENDED DIRECTION OF TRAVEL PRIOR TO THE ONSET OF THE CRASH WILL DETERMINE COLL TYPE See SR1050 Instruction Manual page 17

  43. (COLL) TYPES MULTI-VEHICLE CRASH TYPES 9 PARKED MOTOR VEHICLE 10 TURNING CRASH 11 REAR END 12 SIDESWIPE SAME DIRECTION 13 SIDESWIPE OPPOSITE DIRECTION 14 HEAD ON 15 ANGLE

  44. MULTI-VEHICLE CRASH EXAMPLE Unit 1 Example: Unit 1 approaches a four-way stop intersection from the east. Unit 1 slides on a patch of ice, spins through the stop sign striking Unit 2, then proceeded westward through the intersection. This should be coded as 15 – Angle; based on the intendeddirection of travel for each unit prior to the onset of the crash. N W E S

  45. MULTI-VEHICLE CRASH EXAMPLE Unit 2 Example: Two motor vehicles are on the same roadway heading in opposite directions. Unit 1 loses control, crosses a median, and strikes Unit 2 at an angle, with nearly all damage occurring on one side of each motor vehicle. This should be coded as 13 - Sideswipe oppositedirection, even though the motor vehicles collided at an angle, based on the intendeddirection of each unit prior to the onset of the crash. Unit 1

  46. EVENTS WHAT DID EACH VEHICLE COME INTO CONTACT WITH?

  47. EVENT CODESFOR PARKED VEHICLE AS UNIT 1 BACKS OUT OF A PARKING STALL AT A SHOPPING MALL, IT STRIKES UNIT 2, WHICH IS PARKED. WHICH EXAMPLE IS CORRECT?

  48. EVENT CODES FOR PARKED VEHICLE AS UNIT 1 BACKS OUT OF A PARKING STALL AT A SHOPPING MALL, IT STRIKES UNIT 2, WHICH IS PARKED. WHICH EXAMPLE IS CORRECT?