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Literary Devices. Melanie Goings Woodruff Middle School. Elements of Literature. Plot Conflict Setting Character Point of View Theme. What is Plot?. Plot is the sequence of events within a literary work.

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Literary Devices

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literary devices

Literary Devices

Melanie Goings

Woodruff Middle School

elements of literature
Elements of Literature
  • Plot
  • Conflict
  • Setting
  • Character
  • Point of View
  • Theme
what is plot
What is Plot?
  • Plot is the sequence of events within a literary work.
  • The plot of a literary work can be divided into five distinct sections that can even be graphed on a diagram.
a closer look at plot what are the five divisions of plot
A Closer Look at Plot:What are the Five Divisions of Plot?
  • Exposition
  • Rising Action
  • Climax
  • Falling Action
  • Resolution
what drive the plot within a literary work
What Drive the Plot Within a Literary Work?
  • Conflict
    • The struggle between opposing forces
      • Man vs. Man
      • Man vs. Himself
      • Man vs. Society
      • Man vs. Nature
  • Man vs. Society…

This picture depicts racial discrimination. It was law that African Americans use separate facilities because of their race. Therefore, this is an example of man vs. a rule of society.

  • Man vs. Man

This 1942 picture illustrates two men in a boxing match

what is setting
What is Setting?
  • Setting is the time and place of the action
  • Setting include all details of a place and time—the year, the time of day, even the weather.
  • Details such as dialect, clothing, customs, and modes of transportation are often used to establish setting within a literary work.
what is character
What is Character?
  • Character is a person or an animal that takes part in the action of a literary work
  • Characters can be classified into several groups:
      • Major or Minor
      • Flat or Round
      • Dynamic or Static
major characters vs minor character
Major Characters

Most important character in the entire literary work

Minor Characters

Characters will a lesser role but whose role is necessary for the story to develop

Major Characters vs. Minor Character
flat characters vs round characters
Flat Characters

Characters who are often one-sided and often stereotypical

Round Characters

Characters that are fully developed and exhibit many traits

Flat Characters vs. Round Characters
dynamic characters vs static characters
Dynamic Characters

A character that grows and changes as the literary work develops

Static Characters

A character who does not change throughout the literary work

Dynamic Characters vs. Static Characters
what is point of view
What is Point of View?
  • The perspective or vantage point from which a story is told.
    • 1st person POV
    • 3rd person limited
    • 3rd person omniscient
what is theme
What is Theme?
  • The central message, concern, or purpose of a literary work.
  • The theme can be expressed as a generalization, or general statement, about people or life.
  • The theme is often revealed indirectly and the reader may have to look carefully at what the work reveals about people or about life.