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Pumpkins!. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/ext/senior/vegetabl/pumpkin1.htm. Pumpkins are members of the “ Cucurbita " family of plants. . This family also includes squash , gourds , cucumbers , and melons . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pumpkin.

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slide1

Pumpkins!

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/ext/senior/vegetabl/pumpkin1.htm

slide2

Pumpkins are members of the “Cucurbita" family of plants.

This family also includes squash, gourds, cucumbers, and melons.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pumpkin

Photo: http://www.kidsweb.at/kuerbis/pumpkin5.htm

slide3

Pumpkins are Fruits!

They have hard shells.

A central cavity within the fruit holds the seeds and coarse, stringy pulp.

Pumpkins are usually yellow-orange to orange in color, and sometimes white.

orange

yellow

white

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pumpkin

slide4

Pumpkins are usually shaped like a flattened globe, or can be oblong or pear shaped.

The skin or shell is somewhat smooth and sometimes has vertical lines down the side of the fruit.

Pumpkin fruits can vary greatly in size from less than five pounds to more than one hundred pounds!!

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/ext/senior/vegetabl/pumpkin1.htm

slide5

Six of the seven continents can grow pumpkins!

They even grow in the state of Alaska!

(On which continent is Alaska?)

Antarctica is the only continent that they won't grow in.

http://www.pumpkin-patch.com/facts.html

slide6

Pumpkin

The name pumpkin originated from the Greek word for "large melon" which is "pepon."

"Pepon" was changed by the French into "pompon."

The English changed "pompon" to "Pumpion."

American colonists changed "pumpion" into "pumpkin."

http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/pumpkins/history.html

slide7

Pumpkins grow from seeds.

The seeds are usually planted in the spring after danger of frost has passed – late April or May.

Chronology of the Life Cycle of A Giant Atlantic Pumpkin

http://www.pumpkinnook.com/howto/cycle.htm

slide8

The pumpkin plant is a vine.

It has large, dark green leaves, orange trumpet-shaped flowers, and prickly hairs on the stems and leaves. Like cucumbers, corn, and muskmelons, the pumpkin has separate male and female flowers on the same plant. 

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/ext/senior/vegetabl/pumpkin1.htm

slide9

Pumpkin plants have large, dark green, lobed leaves.

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/ext/senior/vegetabl/pumpkin1.htm

slide10

Pumpkin flowers are yellow and they are edible!

They are 4 to 5 inches in diameter.

The vine has separate male and female flowers.

The fruit is beginning to form at the base of this female flower.

This is a male pumpkin flower.

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/ext/senior/vegetabl/pumpkin1.htm

slide11

Pumpkins are harvested in the fall!

It usually takes 90 to 120 days for a seed to grow into a ripened pumpkin.

Photo: http://www.kidsweb.at/kuerbis/pumpkin3.htm

Chronology of the Life Cycle of A Pumpkin

http://www.pumpkinnook.com/howto/cycle.htm

slide12

There are lots of varieties of pumpkins!

Lumina

Cinderella

Queensland Blue

Sugar Pie

Tahitian Pink Banana

Turk's Turban

http://www.ebfarm.com/farmstand/farmstand_pumpkin-id.html

http://www.pumpkin-patch.com/varieties.html

slide13

The Atlantic Giant is the largest variety of pumpkin!

Christy Harp brought a 1,725 pound pumpkin to the Ohio Valley Giant Pumpkin Growers Giant Pumpkin Weigh-Off on Saturday, October 3, 2009.

http://www.pumpkinnook.com/giants/record.htm

slide14

Pumpkins are good for you!

Few Calories

Pumpkin Nutrition Facts(1 cup cooked, boiled, drained, without salt)

Calories 49Protein 2 gramsCarbohydrate 12 gramsDietary Fiber 3 gramsCalcium 37 mgIron 1.4 mgMagnesium 22 mgPotassium 564 mg

Zinc 1 mgSelenium .50 mgVitamin C 12 mgNiacin 1 mgFolate 21 mcgVitamin A 2650 IUVitamin E 3 mg

Vitamins

Low Fat

Pumpkins are 90 % water!

http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/pumpkins/nutrition.html

slide15

In colonial times, Native Americans roasted long strips of pumpkin in an open fire.

  • Native Americans flattened strips of pumpkins, dried them and made mats.
  • Native Americans called pumpkins
  • "isqoutm squash.”
  • Native Americans used pumpkin seeds for food and medicine.

http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/pumpkins/facts.html

slide16

In early colonial times, pumpkins were used as an ingredient for the crust of pies, not the filling!

  • Colonists sliced off pumpkin tips; removed seeds and filled the insides with milk, spices and honey. This was baked in hot ashes and is the origin of pumpkin pie.
  • Pumpkins were often used to feed animals, too.

http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/pumpkins/facts.html

http://www.kidsweb.at/kuerbis/pumpkin6.htm

slide17

Carving out faces in big pumpkins to make jack-o'-lanterns is now an American tradition, but the jack-o'-lantern didn't originate here.

Halloween began in Ireland where the first jack-o'-lanterns were made of potatoes, rutabagas, turnips, or beets.

According to an old Irish legend, a man called Stingy Jack had been mean and conniving while he lived, and after his death was forced to walk the Earth carrying a turnip lantern with a burning coal inside. He became known as "Jack of the Lantern" or "Jack-o'-lantern." The Irish put jack-o'-lanterns in windows or by doors on Halloween night to scare him and other evil spirits away. It wasn't until Irish immigrants came to America that pumpkins were used.

So the next time you put a jack-o'-lantern in your window, stop and think about mean ol' Jack.

http://www.naturalsciences.org/funstuff/notebook/plants/pumpkin.html

slide18

More Pumpkin Facts

  • Pumpkin seeds can be roasted as a snack.
  • Pumpkins are used to make soups, pies and breads.
  • The largest pumpkin pie ever made was over five feet in diameter and weighed over 350 pounds. It used 80 pounds of cooked pumpkin, 36 pounds of sugar, 12 dozen eggs and took six hours to bake.
  • Pumpkins were once recommended for removing freckles and curing snake bites.

http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/pumpkins/facts.html

100 Things to Do With A Pumpkinhttp://www.youthonline.ca/halloween/101pumpkin.shtml

Photo: http://www.kidsweb.at/kuerbis/pumpkin1.htm

Anatomy of a Pumpkin

http://www.pumpkinnook.com/facts/anatomy.htm

slide19

Funny Pumpkins!

Enjoy pumpkins!

PowerPoint compiled B. Burkett