slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
海外の POPs 研究の現状

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 73

海外の POPs 研究の現状 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 130 Views
  • Uploaded on

海外の POPs 研究の現状. DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East Shinsuke Tanabe. DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East Shinsuke Tanabe. DIOXIN - Plenary Talks Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '海外の POPs 研究の現状' - gerard


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East

Shinsuke Tanabe

slide3
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East

Shinsuke Tanabe

slide4
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Dioxins and Organohalogen Contaminants in the Far East

Shinsuke Tanabe

slide5
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs

Donald Patterson Jr.

slide6
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs

Donald Patterson Jr.

slide7
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs

Donald Patterson Jr.

slide8
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs

Donald Patterson Jr.

slide9
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs

Donald Patterson Jr.

slide10
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs

Donald Patterson Jr.

slide11
DIOXIN - Plenary Talks

Analytical Measurement Advances Over 25 Years: POPs and PAHs

Donald Patterson Jr.

slide12
Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim

Outflow of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Other Semivolatile Organic Compounds from

Asia in Spring 2004

Toby Primbs1, David Schmedding2, Staci Simonich3

slide13
Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim

Outflow of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Other Semivolatile Organic Compounds from

Asia in Spring 2004

Toby Primbs1, David Schmedding2, Staci Simonich3

slide14
POPs in Mexico, Central and South America

Soil-air exchange of organochlorine pesticides in southern Mexico

Fiona Wong1, Terry F Bidleman1, Henry Alegria2, Miguel Salvador-Figueroa3, Liisa M Jantunen1

slide15
POPs in Biota – Levels and Trends

Identification of brominated dibenzo-p-dioxins in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) from the Baltic Sea

Anna Malmvärn1, Yngve Zebuhr2, Jensen Sören1, Lena Kautsky3, Takeshi Nakano4, Ioannis Athanassiadis1, Lillemor Asplund5

slide16
Hemispheric and Global Distribution Dynamics of POPs

Towards a BETR-Africa: Fate and risk assessment of persistent organic pollutants originating in Africa at local, regional and global scales

Jon Arnot1, Don Mackay1, Raul Ponce-Hernandez2

slide17
Atmospheric levels, Transport and Deposition

Assessing the feasibility of passive air samplers: A complementary method for monitoring POPs in Great Lakes air

Todd Gouin1, Tom Harner2, Pierrette Blanchard2, Don Mackay1

slide18
Atmospheric levels, Transport and Deposition

Assessing the feasibility of passive air samplers: A complementary method for monitoring POPs in Great Lakes air

Todd Gouin1, Tom Harner2, Pierrette Blanchard2, Don Mackay1

slide20
Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim

Trans-Pacific Atmospheric Transport of Persistent Organic Pollutants and other Anthropogenic Semivolatile Organic Compounds to a High Elevation Site in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A

Toby Primbs1, David Schmedding2, Glenn Wilson2, Carol Higginbotham3, Staci Simonich4

slide21
POPs in Alpine Ecosystems

The Use of Vegetation to Study the Atmospheric Transport of Persistent Organic Pollutants to High Elevation Ecosystems in Sequoia National Park

Jill E Schrlau1, Eli Moor1, Lisa M Deskin1, Linda Geiser2, Staci L Simonich3

slide22
POPs in Alpine Ecosystems

The Use of Vegetation to Study the Atmospheric Transport of Persistent Organic Pollutants to High Elevation Ecosystems in Sequoia National Park

Jill E Schrlau1, Eli Moor1, Lisa M Deskin1, Linda Geiser2, Staci L Simonich3

slide23
Urban Contaminant Issues

Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics

Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

slide24
Urban Contaminant Issues

Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics

Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

slide25
Urban Contaminant Issues

Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics

Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

slide26
Urban Contaminant Issues

Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics

Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

slide27
Urban Contaminant Issues

Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics

Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

slide28
Urban Contaminant Issues

Surface Organic Films: Growth Dynamics and Partitioning Characteristics

Rosa Wu1, Tom Harner1, Miriam L. Diamond2, Craig M. Butt1, Brian Branfireun2

slide29
Urban Contaminant Issues

Novel Organohalogens and Metabolites in the Brain of Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) from East Greenland

Wouter Gebbink1, Christian Sonne2, Rune Dietz2, Maja Kirkegaard2, Frank F. Riget2, Eric W. Born3, Derek C.G.Muir4, Robert J. Letcher5

slide30
Chiral Xenobiotics and Natural Halogenated Compounds

Bioaccumulation of Organochlorine Contaminants in Freshwater Invertebrates

Nicholas A Warner1, Charles S Wong1

slide31
Chiral Xenobiotics and Natural Halogenated Compounds

Bioaccumulation of Organochlorine Contaminants in Freshwater Invertebrates

Nicholas A Warner1, Charles S Wong1

slide32
POPs in Alpine Ecosystems

Current and Historical Deposition of Persistent Organic Pollutants to High Elevation Ecosystems in the Western U.S.

Staci Simonich1, Kim Hageman1, Sascha Usenko1, Yunzhu Wang1, Don Campbell2, Dixon Landers3

slide33
POPs in Alpine Ecosystems

Current and Historical Deposition of Persistent Organic Pollutants to High Elevation Ecosystems in the Western U.S.

Staci Simonich1, Kim Hageman1, Sascha Usenko1, Yunzhu Wang1, Don Campbell2, Dixon Landers3

slide35
Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim

Organochlorine pesticides in the air of Guangzhou and Hong Kong, South China

Gan Zhang1, Jun Li1, Xiangdong Li2, Kevin C. Jones3

slide37
EMV - Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim

Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, Organochlorine Compounds

Kevin C. Jones, Foday Jaward1, Jae Jak Nam, Gan Zhang, Jeff Obbard, Yuso Kobara

slide38
EMV - Sources of POPs in the Pacific Rim

Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, Organochlorine Compounds

Kevin C. Jones, Foday Jaward1, Jae Jak Nam, Gan Zhang, Jeff Obbard, Yuso Kobara

slide39
Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37,1352-1359

Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere

F R A N K W A N I A , * , † , ‡ L I S H E N , ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I , † , ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A , § A N D D E R E K C . G . M U I R ‡ , §

slide40
Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37,1352-1359

Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere

F R A N K W A N I A , * , † , ‡ L I S H E N , ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I , † , ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A , § A N D D E R E K C . G . M U I R ‡ , §

slide41
Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37,1352-1359

Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere

F R A N K W A N I A , * , † , ‡ L I S H E N , ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I , † , ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A , § A N D D E R E K C . G . M U I R ‡ , §

slide42
Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37,1352-1359

Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere

F R A N K W A N I A , * , † , ‡ L I S H E N , ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I , † , ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A , § A N D D E R E K C . G . M U I R ‡ , §

slide43
Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37,1352-1359

Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere

F R A N K W A N I A , * , † , ‡ L I S H E N , ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I , † , ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A , § A N D D E R E K C . G . M U I R ‡ , §

slide44
Environ. Sci. Technol.2003, 37,1352-1359

Development and Calibration of a Resin-Based Passive Sampling System for Monitoring POPs in the Atmosphere

F R A N K W A N I A , * , † , ‡ L I S H E N , ‡ Y I N G D U A N L E I , † , ‡ C A M I L L A T E I X E I R A , § A N D D E R E K C . G . M U I R ‡ , §

slide45
Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41

Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine

Pesticides Across Europe

F O D A Y M . J A W A R D , † N I C K J . F A R R A R , † TOM H A R N E R , ‡ A N D R E W J . S W E E T M A N , A N D K E V I N C . J O N E S *

slide46
Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41

Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine

Pesticides Across Europe

F O D A Y M . J A W A R D , † N I C K J . F A R R A R , † TOM H A R N E R , ‡ A N D R E W J . S W E E T M A N , A N D K E V I N C . J O N E S *

slide47
Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41

Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine

Pesticides Across Europe

F O D A Y M . J A W A R D , † N I C K J . F A R R A R , † TOM H A R N E R , ‡ A N D R E W J . S W E E T M A N , A N D K E V I N C . J O N E S *

slide48
Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41

Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine

Pesticides Across Europe

F O D A Y M . J A W A R D , † N I C K J . F A R R A R , † TOM H A R N E R , ‡ A N D R E W J . S W E E T M A N , A N D K E V I N C . J O N E S *

slide49
Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41

Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine

Pesticides Across Europe

F O D A Y M . J A W A R D , † N I C K J . F A R R A R , † TOM H A R N E R , ‡ A N D R E W J . S W E E T M A N , A N D K E V I N C . J O N E S *

slide50
Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41

Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine

Pesticides Across Europe

F O D A Y M . J A W A R D , † N I C K J . F A R R A R , † TOM H A R N E R , ‡ A N D R E W J . S W E E T M A N , A N D K E V I N C . J O N E S *

slide51
Environ. Sci. Technol.2004, 38,34-41

Passive Air Sampling of PCBs, PBDEs, and Organochlorine

Pesticides Across Europe

F O D A Y M . J A W A R D , † N I C K J . F A R R A R , † TOM H A R N E R , ‡ A N D R E W J . S W E E T M A N , A N D K E V I N C . J O N E S *

slide52
何故 PCB研究なのか

-1塩素から10塩素まで209異性体

-幅広い物性 209種類の化学物質

-異なる毒性、影響、機構

-環境への負荷(短期間 針のような)

- 無害化処理の必要性

slide53
熱安定性

PCBは汚染拡散の重要な指標

化学的

環境中で分解しない。:難分解性

生物学的

使用期間10~20年の環境負荷

異性体 209 : 情報量が多い

海域底質中PCBの鉛直分布

PCB汚染の時間的・経年変化

海域底質中PCBの水平分布

PCB汚染の空間的移動

slide54
Production of N.C.P

PCB concentration

Sediment core

Annual production

Annual production and Vertical distribution in sediment

slide55
Horizontal distribution in sea sediment

播磨灘

Harima nada

大阪湾

Osaka Bay

Independent area

western and eastern part

スープ皿のような地形

東半分:陸、西半分:海

like a soup dish

Sea bottom and water depth

海底の地形・水深

slide56
Horizontal distribution in sea sediment

Channel : fast stream

sand

silt

silt

sand

Central part: slow stream

Particle size in sea sediment

slide57
海域底質の粒度分布を考慮しない場合

Before normalization by particle size distribution

coast

High

Inmost part

High

Low

channel

High

濃度の単調減少

Harima nada

Low

鳴門

Osaka Bay

Central part : High

NAKANO (1979)

Horizontal distribution in sea sediment

slide58
海域底質の粒度分布を考慮した場合

After normalization by particle size distribution

Constant flow map and PCB distribution

恒流図と濃度分布

粒径・微細粒子・比表面積で規格化

海域底質中PCBの水平分布

Horizontal distribution in sea sediment

slide59
Horizontal distribution in sea sediment

海域底質の水平分布

神戸港周辺

Around Kobe port

Osaka bay

大阪湾

PCB濃度の距離減衰

PCB concentration and Distance from source

slide61
【はじめに】
  • ダイオキシン類に関する取り組みの重要性
  • 多岐に渡る必要な情報
  • 情報の共有化を図り,これまで育んだ技術や情報を生かす
  • ダイオキシンメーリングリストの活用
  • ダイオキシン国際シンポジウムの要旨翻訳共同作業
  • メーリングリストでのログの作成、公開
  • 検索システムの導入
  • 今後の課題
slide62
ダイオキシンメーリングリスト
  • 「情報の共有」をキーワードに、中野(兵庫県)によって1998年から自宅でのサーバーを用いたダイオキシンに関する“ボランタリー”なメーリングリストが開始された。
  • 現在では600名以上の研究者,計測技術者,行政官などが参加し,測定技術や設備等に関する質疑応答( FAQ),学会や講演会等の紹介などが行われている。
slide63
ダイオキシン国際シンポジウム

International Symposium on Halogenated Environmental Organic Pollutants and POPs

  • ダイオキシンに限らず,環境を汚染している 様々な化学物質に関する最新の科学技術情報を討議するシンポジウム
  • 毎年1回世界各地で開催
  • (第22回)はスペインバルセロナ
  • 要旨集=Organohalogen Compounds
  • 一題当たり4ページ,速報論文に近い内容
slide65
【翻訳事業の紹介】

できる範囲内での翻訳の実施

  • 英文要旨の和文タイトル(絶対)
  • 和文キーワード(絶対)
  • 和文要約(可能な限り)
  • (人によって全文和訳もあり)
slide66
翻訳例
  • 45, 1-4
  • COMPREHENSIVE MULTI-DIMENSIONAL GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY FOR THE DETERMINATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF HALOGENATED CONTAMINANTS
  • ハロゲン化汚染物質分析のための包括的マルチディメンジョンガスクロマトグラフィー(CMDGC-ECD)
  • Jacob de Boer, Henk-Jan de Geus, Udo.A.Th. Brinkman
  • MDGC,PCDD,PCDF,PCB,
  • マルチディメンジョンGC,PCDD,PCDF,PCB
  • Figure 1Aroclor1248のCMDGC-ECDクロマトグラムの詳細
  • Table 1CMDGCの再現性(n=8)
  • Table 2BCR CRM(タラの標準試料)の分析結果
  • PCB,PCDDやPCDFのような環境中の様々なハロゲン化物の分析に,全く違う種類の液相のカラム(DB-1及びCP-WAX52)を使用した包括的マルチディメンジョンGC-ECDを用いて分析した結果,再現性及び定量性ともに一部の物質を除いてよい結果となった.
  • 宮崎雅弘
slide68
翻訳成果品の閲覧
  • pdfファイルに変換され,

http://ee-net.ne.jp/dioxin.html

slide69
検索システムの導入
  • web上で利用可能な検索機能の設置
  • 全文検索エンジンのNamazuと,奈良先端科学技術大学院大学が開発したChaSen(茶筌)という形態素解析システムを利用
ad