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Festivals around the world

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  1. Festivals around the world

  2. Revision 3 min • What festivals are mentioned in the passage? • Say something about Obon in Japan. • Say something about the Day of the Dead in Mexico. • Say something about Halloween. • What is Columbus Day in the USA in memory of ?

  3. Scanning 3 min Answer the following questions: 1.Which three times of the year did people celebrate in ancient times? 2.What kind of things are done to celebrate the Obon Festival? 3. Why does India have a national festival on October 2? 4. How do Europeans celebrate Thanksgiving festivals? 5. Name three things people do at the Spring Festival in China.

  4. 1.Which three times of the year did people celebrate in ancient times? a. the end of cold weather; b. planting in spring and harvest in autumn; c. When hunters caught animals. 2.What kind of things should be done to celebrate the Obon Festival? People should go to clean the graves, light incense, lamps and play music.

  5. 3. Why does India have a national festival on October 2? To honor Gandhi who helped gain Indian’s independence from Britain. 4. How do Europeans celebrate Thanksgiving festivals? People decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit; people get together to have meals. 5. Name three things people do at the Spring Festival in China. eat dumplings, fish and meat; give children lucky money; dragon dances; visit family members and so on

  6. Comprehending 5 min Let’s check the answers to the questions on P3 now.

  7. Use the information from the passage to answer the questions. • What are festivals of the dead usually for? • What makes autumn festivals happy events? Festivals of the dead are for honouring or satisfying dead ancestors or others, who some people believe might return to help or harm living people. Autumn festivals are happy events because people are thankful that food is ready for winter and the hard farm work is finished.

  8. Use the information from the passage to answer the questions. 3. What do people usually do at spring festivals? 4. What is one important reason to have festivals and celebrations? At spring festivals, people usually have dances, carnivals and other activities to celebrate the end of winter and the coming of spring. It is important to have festivals and celebrations so we can enjoy life / be proud of our customs / forget our work for a little while.

  9. Use the information from the passage to answer the questions. 5. Compare the festivals of the dead in Mexico, Japan and China. What things are similar? What things are different? The Chinese, Japanese and Mexican festivals of the dead all have customs to honour the dead. The Chinese and Japanese go to clean their ancestors’ graves, and the Mexicans offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead. However, there are some differences. The Mexicans eat special food that looks like bones, something the Chinese and Japanese do not do.

  10. Can you give any example?

  11. Check homework 3 min • Check whether you agree with each other about your answers. • Check whether the spelling is correct.

  12. Discovering useful words and expressions---1

  13. Checking your answers II. Answer keys for Ex.2 on Page 4: celebration, religious, Christians, origin, custom, as though, have fun with, belief III. Answer keys for Ex.3 on Page 4: 1. look forward to 2. starving 3. custom 4. Gather 5. admire 6. Belief 7. harvests, harvests 8. feast 9. tricks 10. gain, gain

  14. Do not look forward to the day you stop suffering, because when it comes you know you will be dead. 生于忧患,死于安乐。 • A dog starving at his master’s gate predicts the ruin of the state. 树死先从叶子黄。 • I would rather have a mind opened by wonder than one closed by custom. 宁愿创新,不愿陈腐。

  15. 4. Gather you rosebuds while you may, old time is still a-flying, and this same flower that smiles today, tomorrow will be dying.未雨绸缪。/花堪折时直须折,莫待无花空折枝。 5. However big the fool, there is always a bigger fool to admire him.没有最傻,只有更傻。 6. Belief, then, is the great guide of human life. 信仰是生活的向导。

  16. 7. Other people’s harvests are always the best harvests, but one’s own children are always the best children. 收获是别人的好,孩子是自己的亲。 8. There is no feast on earth that dose not end in parting. 天下没有不散的筵席。 9. Everyone has some tricks they do, but each has his own way of doing them. 条条大路通罗马。/八仙过海,各显神通。 10. Those who can lose shall gain; those who wish for gain shall lose.有心栽花花不发,无心插柳柳成荫。/ 阴差阳错。

  17. Homework • Do the exercises on P5. • Read Grammar in DBXL (P13~15). • Finish exercises in DBXL (P15~17).

  18. Dictation

  19. Festivals are meant to celebrate important times of year. • Some festivals are held to honor the dead or to satisfy the ancestors, who might return either to help or to do harm. • For the Japanese festival Obon, people should go to clean graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors. • The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring.

  20. 5. China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals, when people admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes. 6. The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as though it is covered with pink snow. 7. You have a life of plenty, what would you be worried about? n. 富裕 8. He is a German by origin. 9. original ideas 新颖的意见 10. an original writer 有独创性的作家

  21. What festivals have we learned in the reading passage?

  22. What festivals have we learned in the reading passage?

  23. Listening Task ( Workbook, Page 45-46) Listen and write the festival name for each picture below: Easter Mother’s Day Well Dressing Festival Valentine’s Day Cherry Blossom Festival

  24. Listening Task ( Workbook, Page 45-46) Listen again and then answer the following questions. What is the focus of the activity during the Cherry Blossom Festival in Japan? Besides soft clay, what kinds of things are used to make well-dressings in Derbyshire? Why are Easter lilies a common symbol of Easter? Why are flowers used on Valentine's Day and Mother's Day? In which other festivals do you think flowers are used for the same mason? Going out to enjoy the beautiful cherry blossoms 2. Flowers, nuts, seeds and other things. • Because their clean, white beauty is a reminder of new • life. 4. To show love to someone special. People might give flowers on Father’s Day, Teacher’s Day or other special days for the same reason.

  25. How much do you know about Carnival?

  26. People dress up.

  27. carnival parades

  28. loud music & dance in the street

  29. Do you know where Trinidad is? Trinidad South America Can you guess the common temperatures there?

  30. Look at the pictures of the Trinidad Carnival. Discuss with your partner what kind of activities the Carnival might have. Find Trinidad on the map. Predict what kind of problems someone might have when going to such a carnival.

  31. Listening The listening material is about 4 friends in the carnival parades… ( Page 6) Part 1Listen to the conversation between Carla and Li Mei. Do the True or False below. T ( ) 1.Limei wanted something to go with her dress, so she wore the uncomfortable shoes. F ( ) 2.Limei’s dress is light. T ( ) 3. It’s very hot outside. T ( ) 4. Carla advise Li Mei to wear comfortable shoes, light and cool clothes and a hat.

  32. Part 1Listen again and answer the questions. • What is wrong with Li Mei’s clothing and shoes? • What advice does Carla give Li Mei? Li Mei’s clothing is too thick and her shoes are not comfortable enough to walk in for a long time. Carla suggests that Li Mei change her shoes to something more comfortable, wear some lighter and cooler clothing and also take a hat.

  33. Part 2Listen to the conversation among Carla, Wu Ping and Hari. Do the Choice below. 1.What do they find when they arrive at the park? A. They meet the boys, big bands, dancers and musicians on trucks B. the road is very crowed C. The weather turn cold. 2.Why is it important for them to have water? A. because they eat enough B. because the temperature is 35 degree. C. because they will visit the parade.

  34. 3. Why can’t they hear each other? A. because they speak in too low a voice. B. because the loudspeakers make it impossible to hear. C. Because it’s too crowded. 4. Why do they plan to meet at the parking lot? A. In case they may get lost. B. Because they want to enjoy the carnival alone. C. Because they’re going to park their cars there. 5. Why shouldn’t Li Mei wear the dress she chose at first? A. It’s not nice B. It doesn’t go with her shoes. C. it’s too heavy and hot to walk and dance till midnight with such high temperature.

  35. Part 2Listen to this part again and answer the following questions. 3.Why is it important for them to have water? 4. Why is it difficult for them to hear each other? 5. Why do they plan to meet at the parking lot at 8 o’clock? It is important to have water because it is very hot/the temperature is thirty-five degrees/they will be doing a lot of walking and dancing all day/until midnight. They can’t hear each other because the music is very loud. They plan to meet at the parking lot at 8 o’clock because they might get separated in the crowd.

  36. Listen to the 2 parts together for once, and fill in the blanks. Carla and Hari are students in Trinidad. Their Chinese friends, Li Mei and Wu Ping, _____________ the carnival holiday in February. Carla advise Li Mei to wear ____________ shoes, ____________ dress and a hat. Because they are going to be ___________________ until midnight. The girl arrive at a park ____________________. are visiting for comfortable light and cool walking and dancing in the center of the city

  37. The music has already begun and the big bands arrive with thousands of ________________________ on trucks.Later , Wu Ping felt _________________. He want to have some water. The bands are ________. They have to go slowly for a while, until they get used to ________________________, if they ____________in the crowed, they should meet ___________________ the parking lot by eight o’clock. dancers and musicians tired and thirsty moving the music and the heat get lost at the north end of

  38. Speaking Part 1 Suppose you have visited Carla and Hari’s home in Trinidad and you have returned home to China. Now, you are interviewed by a little reporter in your school and you are asked to introduce carnival in Trinidad . Talk about what you hear in the tape in pairs, either one is to be the reporter.

  39. Possible topics: When to celebrate carnival? How long does carnival last? What do people do? What do you and your friends do? What can you see in the street? What impress you most?

  40. Speaking Part 2 Suppose you have visited Carla and Hari’s home in Trinidad and you have returned home to China. Now, make a phone call to invite your friends to a Chinese festival. Choose what festival you are going to celebrate. In pairs make a conversation of at least 5 turns each.

  41. Useful Expressions: Making phone calls: May I speak to … please? Hold / Hang on please. Can I ring back later? Invitations: I’d like to invite you to … I’m looking forward to … I wonder if you are interested in … We can enjoy doing … Thanks: Thanks a lot. That’s very kind of you. It’s a pleasure. Don’t mention it.

  42. Speaking Task Now you have the chance to create a new festival. Talk with your partner and make a name for your festival. Prepare a short report about your new festival and present it to the class. • Points to discuss • when the festival takes place • what the festival is for • what people do at the festival • what people eat at the festival

  43. Writing Task Write a brochure for the new festival that you have created, introducing it and giving advice to those who want to come. Be sure to include: • where it will take place • how people can get there • what kind of weather people should expect • what things people should bring • three things that visitors should see • how much it will cost

  44. Use the following expressions to help you. • You must … • You should … • You could … • You can … • You might … • You would … • You would have to … • You need …

  45. Homework Revise the knowledge about various festivals learned in this unit. Finish your writing task. Collect the information about one of your favourite Chinese festivals and make a report.