the east asian world in the 15 th and 16 th cen n.
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The East Asian World in the 15 th and 16 th Cen. China. Background. 1368 peasant rebellion under Zhu Yuanzhing Founded Ming Dynasty. Contact w/ West. 1514 Portuguese fleet arrives in China First direct contact since Marco Polo Macao Direct trade limited

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background
Background
  • 1368 peasant rebellion under Zhu Yuanzhing
  • Founded Ming Dynasty
contact w west
Contact w/ West
  • 1514 Portuguese fleet arrives in China
    • First direct contact since Marco Polo
      • Macao
      • Direct trade limited
      • Became involved in regional trade network
    • Christian missionaries
      • Jesuits
    • European inventions
decline of ming
Decline of Ming
  • Weak rulers
  • Peasant rebellions
  • Tribal unrest
  • Inflow of foreign silver
  • Little ice age
  • Official corruption
from ming to qing
From Ming to Qing
  • Peasant revolt 17th cen
    • Li Zicheng led
    • Unable to hold conquest
    • Manchu conquered
      • Declared Qing Dynasty
slide7
Qing
  • Ruthless policies
      • pacified the country
      • Fixed social and economic problems
      • Restored peace
    • Adopted Chinese political system
    • Gradually accepted as rulers by Chinese
qing rulers
Qing Rulers
  • Kangxi (1661- 1722)
    • Tolerant of Christians
      • Court officials converted
  • Qian Long
    • Corruption and unrest
    • High taxes
    • White Lotus Rebellion (1796- 1804)
qing politics
Qing Politics
  • Manchu adapt to new environment
      • Ming political system
      • Confucian principles
    • Dyarchy
      • Important positions shared equally by Chinese and Manchus
eve of the western onslaught
Eve of the Western onslaught
  • Russian into Manchuria for furs
    • Refused to kowtow
    • Treaty of Nerchinsk, 1689
  • English
    • Canton 1699
      • demanded access
    • Uneven balance of trade
      • 1793 Mission lord MacCartney
        • Chinese no interest in British products
changing china
Changing China
  • Late Ming early Qing pop increase
      • 1390- 70-80 million
      • 1800- 300 million
    • Long period of peace
    • New American crops
    • fast growing rice
  • Pop pressure
  • Seeds of industrialization
    • growth of manufacturing and commerce
    • Commercial networks
    • Political and social prejudices
daily life in china
Daily Life in China
  • Family
    • Joint family- 3 or 4 generations under 1 roof
    • Arranged marriages
    • Filial piety
  • The clan
    • Land for use by poor in clan
    • Help pay for education
  • Role of women
    • Inferior to men
    • Female children less desirable
    • Strong role in family
  • Cultural development
    • Chinese novel
    • Art
three great unifiers
Three great Unifiers
  • Oda Nobunaga (1568-1582)
    • Attempted to consolidate rule
  • Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1582-1598)
    • Took all lands
      • Reassigned to local daimyos’ who declared allegiance
  • Tokugawa ieyasu (1598-1616)
    • Restored central authority
    • Family remained in power until 1868
opening to the west
Opening to the West
  • Unification simultaneous w/ arrival of Portuguese in 1543
      • Wanted western goods
  • Christianity
  • prohibited foreign trade
      • One Dutch ship into Nagasaki a year
      • Forbid Japanese from leaving island
the great peace
The Great Peace
  • Bakufu
      • Daimyo autonomous
          • Family hostages in capital city
      • Gov’t turned to bureaucracy
  • Capitalism
      • Local trade
      • Banking and paper money
      • City culture
  • Land problems
      • Taxes
      • Peasant revolts
      • Ronin
role of women
Role of Women
  • Obey husbands
      • Concubines
  • Arranged marriages
  • Valued as child bearers
  • Worked in fields w/ men
  • Co education
  • Floating world
korea
Korea
  • Yi dynasty
    • Chinese model
    • New capital: Seoul
    • Tributary relationship with China
    • Stayed untouched by Manchu invasion in China
      • Little Christianity
      • 18thcencatholics arrived
  • People
    • Yangban
      • Aristocrats in civilian an military
    • Peasants in serf like conditions
  • Culture
    • Phonetic alphabet