a leaders decision the story of the nez perce by sophie rosenkranz n.
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  • When your countries people are in need of a leader, there has to be someone to step up and take control of the situation. Chief Joseph was the leader of the Nez-Perce, a Native American tribe. In a time in need he stepped up had to make a decision not only for himself but for the Nez-Perce.

The Nez Perce Warriors

before chief joseph
Before Chief Joseph
  • Chief Joseph’s father
  • Their tribe helped Lewis and Clark
  • Wallowa band of the Nez Perce
  • Joseph was born in 1840
  • Grew up around the council and General Howard
  • His son Joseph took his place when he died

Josephs father was known as “Joseph the elder” or “Old Joseph”

timeline of the nez perce indians
Timeline of the Nez Perce Indians

Chief Joseph passed away and was buried

in in Nespelem

In May Howard and Chief Joseph had a council, and were told they need to move

Chief Joseph was born, Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt, his father is the Chief still

There are still reservation where people live, they are rituals and pow wows, may in Seattle



Writers such as Sherman Alexiewrote poetry and books about life on reservations

Josephs father died and Joseph became the Chief of the Nez Perce

There were many battle until finally the Nez Perce surrendered





The Nez Perce Flag

howard and chief joseph
Howard and Chief Joseph
  • Chief of the Wallowa band
  • There was going to be a council meeting
  • General O. Howard
  • Fought in the Civil War
  • Joseph was the chief, son of “Elder Joseph”
  • They were friendly gave each other gifts
  • Knew about teach others lives
the council
THE Council
  • There was a council where the Nez Perce and American army spoke about the reservation and treaty
  • Told they had to move
  • Reservation was not the best land
  • The white men would get the nice land
  • Chief Joseph had to make a decision for his people
  • Shortly after one of the Nez Perce had revenge
  • Chief Joseph knew they were going to be in trouble
foreshadowing the war
Foreshadowing the war
  • In 1877 two Indians were killed by some white men
  • Indian families took revenge on the white men
  • US army found out
  • They wanted to meet with Chief Joseph
  • Nez Perce decide to flee towards Montana
  • Make it past the border
  • Meet with other tribes
the last battle
The Last battle
  • After fleeing to Montana, Nez Perce surrendered
  • The Nez Perce tribe were dying
  • Could not make it pass the border
  • Were surrounded
  • Some fled to the reservation
  • Never made it to Canada
  • Only made it to Montana
  • Famous quote
chief josephs quote
Chief Josephs quote
  • "It is cold and we have no blankets. The little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills and have no blankets, no food; no one knows where they are -- perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children and see how many I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me my chiefs. I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever"
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zECT7JGvs3I
  • Play from 6:15 to 7:26
chief josephs death
Chief Josephs death
  • 1904 Chief Joseph died
  • Passed away wearing his chiefs headdress
  • Died of a broke heart
  • Buried in Nespelem
  • A white monument where he is buried

“I wish to die as a chief”

–Chief Joseph

Chief Josephs father, “Elder Joseph” was buried in Oregon

nez perce modern day
Nez Perce Modern Day

The video is at a Pow wow, the dance in the video is in memory of Chief Looking glass, the colorful clothes are the style that the Nez Perce used to wear


Play from 0:25 t o 0:50

sherman alexie
Sherman Alexie
  • Born on the Spokane Reservation
  • Had brain problems and other problems
  • A writer and knowledgeable
  • “Absolutely true diary of a part-time Indian”
  • Lives in Seattle
  • Recording of a Indian song


  • Directed, Written and Produced by
  • Sophie Rosenkranz
  • Clips:
  • YouTube
  • And
  • “I will fight no more forever”
  • Information:
  • Washington in the Pacific Northwest
  • "HistoryLink.org”
  • The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-time Indian.
  • Pictures:
  • Google Images and Bing, various
  • Thanks to Hamorah Margaret and Hamorah Jane
  • for helping me find sources to use
  • and any questions I had
  • Thanks for Watching
  • Green, Michael K., Laurie M. Carlson, and Susan Allen. Myers. "Chief Joseph and the Last Indian War." Washington in the Pacific Northwest. Salt Lake City: Gibbs Smith, 2002. 96-97. Print
  • Kershner, Jim. "HistoryLink.org- the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History." HistoryLink.org- the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History. HistoryLink.org, 7 Apr. 2009. Web. 10 May 2012. <http://www.historylink.org/>.
  • Alexie, Sherman, and Ellen Forney. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-time Indian. New York: Little, Brown, 2007. Print.
pictures sources
Pictures Sources
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c7/Chief_Joseph-3_weeks_after_surrender-Oct.1877.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/48/Oliver_Otis_Howard.jpg
  • http://mw2.google.com/mw-panoramio/photos/medium/14092585.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Nezperce01.png
  • http://www.ops.org/MIDDLE/LEWISANDCLARK/Portals/0/WEBgrfx/LewisClarkColor.jpg
  • http://www.barewalls.com/i/c/479220_Chief-Joseph.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/Nez_Perce_warriors.jpg
  • http://www.lib.uidaho.edu/mcbeth/images/endofwar1877.jpg
  • http://www.friendsnezpercebattlefields.org/Big-Hole-Harper's-Weekly.jpg
  • http://www.legendsofamerica.com/photos-nativeamerican/GeneralOOHoward.jpg
  • http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/naal8/section/volE/authors/img/Alexie_Sherman.jpg
  • http://www.mdhc.org/files/resources/parttimeindian-jacketpb.jpg
  • http://www.spokanetribe.com/userfiles/image/reservation_map.gif
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/44/Tuekakas.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Bandera_Nez_Perc%C3%A9.PNG
  • http://hpc.pnl.gov/people/manoj/cca/jan2007/Seattle.jpg