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The Jupiter Launch System A Direct Derivative of the Space Transportation System International Space Development Conference Washington DC, May 29 th 2008. -NASA Authorization Act of 2005.

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slide1

The Jupiter Launch System

A Direct Derivative of the Space Transportation System

International Space Development Conference Washington DC, May 29th 2008

direct delivers what congress authorized

-NASA Authorization Act of 2005

“The Administrator shall, to the fullest extent possible consistent with a successful development programuse the personnel, capabilities, assets, and infrastructure of the Space Shuttleprogram

in developingthe Crew Exploration Vehicle, Crew Launch Vehicle, anda heavy-lift launch vehicle.”

DIRECT Delivers what Congress Authorized

“The best civil space policy to have been enunciated by a president in four decades or more, and the best authorization act to be approved by the Congress since the 1960s.” – Dr. Mike Griffin STS Jan. 22, 2008

direct is the historic nasa sts derived approach
DIRECT ‘is’ the Historic NASA STS Derived Approach

Step 1: Go to http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp

Step 2: Type in “National Launch System” or “Shuttle Derived” into the search box

Result: Over 190 detailed studies from 1978 to 2005 that use the DIRECT approach.

True STS derived systems have three things in common

  • They Retain the STS Stack configuration
  • They Reuse the 4-Segment SRB
  • They Keep the STS External Tank at a 8.4m dia.

Ares-I and Ares-V do none of these three things

National Launch

System (NLS)

Shuttle-C

Shuttle-B

Mars Direct’s

Ares

Buzz Aldrin’s

Aquila

direct maximizes the space transportation system

$14.4 Billion*

$9.5 Billion

March 2016**

September 2012

DIRECT Maximizes the Space Transportation System

Ares-I

Jupiter-120

New 5-Seg. SRB

Existing 4-Seg. SRB

New J-2X Engine

Existing RS-68 Engine

New Configuration

Existing Configuration

STS

New Infrastructure

Existing Infrastructure

New Upper Stage

No Upper Stage

Total Development Cost

Operational Date

Bottom-line: DIRECT Closes the Gap within the Current Budget

*GAO Figure

** March 2016 recently revealed

direct removes the workforce gap at michoud
DIRECT Removes the Workforce “GAP” at Michoud
  • Jupiter core re-uses all existing Shuttle tooling
  • Parallel construction of Jupiter cores and Shuttle External Tanks
  • Jupiter test articles at Stennis and KSC before Shuttle retirement
  • Jupiter Upper Stage begins production 2 years earlier than Ares-V
direct removes the workforce flight gap at ksc

One year slide

in last 3 months

DIRECT Removes the Workforce & Flight “GAP” at KSC
  • The Jupiter vehicles are delivered to KSC before Shuttle retires
  • The First Jupiter flight occurs 2 months before last Shuttle flight
  • 11 Jupiter vs. 7 Ares-I flights thru 2015 – requires full workforce
  • The Jupiter can fly 20mT of mission payload with each crew

3

man rating of the direct engine is five years ahead of ares
Man-rating of the DIRECT Engine is Five Years Ahead of Ares

GAO Assessment of the Ares-I J-2X Engine*

  • - The J-2X is a new engine development on the critical path for ISS return
  • NASA is trying to do 29 rework cycles in only 7 years vs. 9 years for SSME
  • The J-2X has insufficient testing facilities

DIRECT uses the

proven

RS-68

*GAO-08-186T April 3, 2008

nasa admits the benefits of one launch system
NASA Admits the Benefits of One Launch System

Speech by Dr. Michael D. Griffin

Space Transportation Association

22 January 2008

P

“The most obvious split involves launching two identical vehicles”

P

“This method … was to be employed [for Apollo]”

P

“Costs are lower because of only one launch vehicle development”

P

“Recurring costs are amortized over a larger number of flights”

P

“Knowledge of system reliability is enhanced by … flight experience”

We agree 100% with Dr. Griffin that one Launch System is Superior.

O

“However… [this] is vastly over designed for ISS logistics.”

This is Dr. Griffin’s Single Point of Contention with DIRECT

It is true that two Jupiter-232, which has an upper stage, places more mass in orbit than the Ares-I + Ares-V for the Lunar mission.

The Jupiter-120 doesn’t use an upper stage though, making this variant a close match for the ISS Crew and Logistics capabilities of Shuttle

direct is ideally suited for both the iss vse missions

O

P

$14.4 Billion

Total Development Cost

$9.5 Billion

March 2016

Operational Date

September 2012

DIRECT is Ideally Suited for both the ISS & VSE Missions

Ares-I

Jupiter-120

No Mission Payload

No ISS Logistic

Mission Payload

Robust ISS Logistics

No ISS Modules

ISS is Left Unfinished

Delivers ISS Modules

We Can Finish ISS

STS

Non-Reusable Orion Water Landing

Reusable Orion

Land Landing

Lunar Class Orion?

Lunar Class Orion

=

Less capable

than the

Space Shuttle

more expensive than an EELV

=

More capable

than the

Space Shuttle

and less expensive than Ares-I

The Jupiter-120 is More Capable ,available Sooner and needs Less Money

the jupiter 120 is easily extensible to new mission types
The Jupiter-120 is Easily Extensible to New Mission Types

ISS

Crew

ISS Crew &

Logistics

ISS Elements &

Hubble

Servicing

Crew

Lunar Flyby

Cargo

Probes

MSR etc.

Lunar

& Mars Missions

direct expands joins manned and unmanned efforts
DIRECT Expands & Joins Manned and Unmanned Efforts

Finish the ISS

Mars Sample Return

Hubble Service

JWST Service

direct enables an apollo 8 mission much sooner
DIRECT Enables an Apollo-8 Mission Much Sooner

Imagine an ‘Apollo 8’ Lunar Flyby Mission before 2013

- Three Years Before the first flight of Ares-I to the ISS

direct produces a more capable lunar program
DIRECT Produces a More Capable Lunar Program

Speech by Dr. Michael D. Griffin

Space Transportation Association

22 January 2008

“The most obvious split involves launching two identical vehicles”

“This method … was to be employed [for Apollo]”

“Knowledge of system reliability is enhanced by flight experience”

direct saves money now and later
DIRECT Saves Money Now and Later

Speech by Dr. Michael D. Griffin

Space Transportation Association

22 January 2008

“Costs are lower because of only one launch vehicle development”

“Recurring costs are amortized over a larger number of flights”

direct is the best based on a recent internal nasa study
DIRECT is the Best Based on a Recent Internal NASA Study
  • These are the results of an 8-week Internal NASA Study performed in October/November 2007.
  • A leaked memo from Constellation indicates that NASA began to prepare an Integrated Master Schedule (IMS) for Jupiter-120.
we agree it is too late to switch horses now
We Agree, It is Too Late to Switch Horses Now

STS is the horse we are on

Next launch is this Saturday

we agree it is too late to switch horses now1

The Jupiter is a Direct Derivative of STS

Same Foot Print

We Agree, It is Too Late to Switch Horses Now

STS is the horse we are on

Next launch is this Saturday

we agree it is too late to switch horses now2

The Jupiter is a Direct Derivative of STS

Same Foot Print

We Agree, It is Too Late to Switch Horses Now

Ares Retains < 5%

of the STS Hardware or Infrastructure

Common Upper Stage

Different Upper Stages

New 10m Tank

STS is the horse we are on

Next launch is this Saturday

Existing Reusable 4-Segment SRB

Breaking News

Al-Li

Disposable 5.5-Segment SRB

New

5-Segment SRB

Same 8.4m Tank

Even Longer Tank

Six RS-68 Engines

Different Foot Print

summary
Summary

DIRECT is Safer, Simpler and Sooner

Even now the Jupiter-120 is four years ahead of the Ares-I

Dr. Griffin agrees that one launch system costs less than two launch systems

Dr. Griffin agrees that one launch system is the obvious and safest approach

Congress directed us to leverage the STS infrastructure and workforce

Ares utilizes < 5% of the STS infrastructure and < 25% workforce

Jupiter utilizes > 95% of the STS infrastructure and >75% workforce

Jupiter provides new capabilities while lowering operational costs below Ares-I

DIRECT ‘is’ the NASA engineering recommendation

Over 100 NASA studies over 35 years agree with the DIRECT approach

ESAS Appendix 6a-f confirms our cost and performance numbers

NASA studies done late last year confirm that DIRECT is the best approach

the critical decisions before america now

Ares-I/V

EELV/COTS

DIRECT

No

Yes

Yes

The Critical Decisions before America Now
  • Manned Missions to Mars ?
    • No we are at least 6 Presidential and 12 Congressional cycles away
  • Manned Missions to Near Earth Object ?
    • No we are at least 4 Presidential and 8 Congressional cycles away
  • Manned Missions to the Lunar Surface ?
    • No we are at least 2 Presidential and 4 Congressional cycles away

Do we continue United States access to the ISS ?

Do we save the United States’ second Heavy Lift system ?

No

No

Yes

Do we remain the leading space faring nation ?

No

No

Yes

we must not make a new mistake
We must not make A New Mistake

Dr. Michael D. Griffin

NASA Administrator August 31, 2005

AIAA Space 2005 Conference & Exhibition

“From 1975-1981, between the retirement of the Apollo-Saturn system and the first flight of the Shuttle, the United States did not have the capability to send humans into space, our country was not driving the space exploration agenda, and our aerospace workforce was decimated. We lost valuable people from the program, people who never came back. We lost valuable skills that were relearned with difficulty, or not at all. We lost momentum. Let us learn from these experiences. Let us not repeat them. Let us at least make a new mistake.”

  • Protect key STS infrastructure from destruction by Ares-I
  • Perform an independent evaluation of the Jupiter-120 vs. Ares-I
  • Review the recent internal NASA study endorsing Jupiter-120/232

The Key to the Next 50 Years Starts with Clear Thinking Today

slide26

Fifty years after the Space Age began America must once again answer the same question that began it.

Do we want to be the “world’s leading space faring nation”?

-President John F. Kennedy

www.directlauncher.com