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LITERARY NARRATIVE FICTION. Literary narrative fiction. literature: art of language kinds of Iiterature : poetry, drama , narrative fiction prose: from Latin prosa or proversa oratio = ‘straightforward discourse’

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literary narrative fiction2
Literary narrative fiction

literature: art of language

kinds of Iiterature: poetry,

drama,

narrative fiction

prose: from Latin prosa or proversaoratio

=‘straightforward discourse’

M. Jourdain: I've been speaking in PROSE all along!

Moliere (1622-1673), Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme

narrative
Narrative
  • account of a sequence of connected events
  • told by a narrator

what happened vs how it is told

'story' 'narration'

Narration - rearranges the order of events

e.g., flashback:

historical time vs narrated order

- sets up relations between events

e.g., cause and effect

arrangement of events
Arrangement of events
  • with a particular kind of beginning and ending orientation, closure, coda
  • usually told for a purpose
  • typically about change:

situation A changes to situation B

lack leads to restoration

building blocks of narrative
Building blocks of narrative
  • types of character (»roles)
  • types of event
  • types of lack and restoration
  • types of getting from beginning to end

(How do you know it is the end of the story?)

g rard genette s system
Gérard Genette’s system

Based on the distinction between story and plot (fabula and syuzhet in Russian formalism)

- récit (the chronological order of events

in a text or narrative)

- histoire (the sequence in which events actually occur)

- narration (the act of narrating)

(Gérard Genette, Narrative Discourse, 1972)

the spectrum of fiction
The spectrum of fiction

fact – fiction – truth?

Realism vs romance: a matter of perception

vs a matter of vision

(2 principal ways fiction can be related to life)

History Realism Romance Fantasy

literary conventions
Literary conventions

an agreement between artist and audience as to

the significance of features appearing in a work of art

knowledge of conventions = literary competence

narrative: tells of real or imagined events;

tells a story

fiction: an imagined creation in verse/prose/drama

story: imagined events or happenings,

involving a conflict

plot: arrangement of action → structure

structure
structure

structure: connecting elements,

repetition,

parallelism

selection, connection, ordering of information leading to a recognition

moving to illuminate the beginning

by the ending

narrator narration
Narrator, narration

narrator: one who tells a story within/outside

the space and time of story

Who tells the story?

To whom?

Why?

How?

narration: narrative perspective: point of view

author ≠ author's persona (mask) ≠ narrator

(Samuel Clemens vs Mark Twain)

characters
characters

characterization round vs flat characters

E.M. Forster, Aspects of the Novel

stereotypes: characters based on conscious or unconscious cultural assumptions that sex, age, ethnic or national identification, occupation, marital status and so on, are predictably accompanied by certain character traits, actions, even values

literary narrative fictional
Literary, narrative, fictional

distinct features, do not presuppose each other