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Verbs and Adverbs. TWWL: To know the difference between verbs and adverbs . To practice using verbs and adverbs. What are verbs ?. A verb is a doing or action word. A verb explains the action between people or things or what is happening.

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verbs and adverbs
Verbs and Adverbs
  • TWWL:
  • To know the difference between verbs and adverbs.
  • To practice using verbs and adverbs.
what are verbs
What are verbs?
  • A verb is a doing or action word.
  • A verb explains the action between people or things or what is happening.

For example: ‘they listened for their favourite song.

why do we use verbs
Why do we use verbs?
  • Verbs must be used in sentences in order for them to make sense.

Which sentence makes the most sense?.

  • I walk to school
  • I to school

The first sentence makes the most sense because it has a verbs in it. Without the verb, the sentence doesn’t make sense.

your turn
Your Turn

Where are the verbs in these sentences? Lets underline them together.

  • My cat chases all the dogs in our street.
  • Sit down quietly.
  • Read the instructions carefully.
  • I saw her at the concert last week.
  • People crowded into the shop.
your turn1
Your Turn

Fill in the gaps with suitable verbs.

  • I _______ my dog for a walk every evening.
  • Please _______ the building immediately.
  • I ________ the piano every day.
  • Her behaviour really _________ me.
adverbs starter activity
Adverbs – starter activity
  • Imagine that you are running towards the net and are about to score a goal, how are you running?
  • The verb in this sentence is running. You should be thinking about how you are running, this will help you to understand what an adverb is.
what are adverbs
What are adverbs?
  • If you answered with the words ‘quickly’, ‘slowly’,‘rapidly’, ‘enthusiastically’, for example, then you have used an adverb.

A verb is a doing word.

An adverb describes how the verb is done.

Which is the verb and which is the adverb?

James walked slowly into school.

‘Walked’ is the verb and ‘slowly’ is the adverb.

She snored loudly in her sleep.

'Snored’ is the verb and ‘loudly’ is the adverb.

add an adverb to each sentence
Add an adverb to each sentence

For example; the man is running quickly.

1. The boy is writing ___________.

2. The dog is snoring ___________.

3. She looked at him ____________ .

4. The little girl laughed ___________.

Choose from the words below:

slowly happily carefully loudly hysterically lovingly angrily

slide9
1. Write 5 of your own sentences. Each sentence must include a verb and an adverb. You can choose from the ones in the table.
  • 2. Draw a picture to go with each sentence.
guess the verb and adverb
Guess the verb and adverb!
  • Split into 2 teams.
  • The youngest players team starts first.
  • 1 person from this team will come to the front.
  • The teacher will give you a secret verb and adverb to act out, e.g. singloudly.
  • You must try and get your team to guess in under 1 minute. BUT, the other team can guess too.
  • The first team to guess correctly gets a point, and another member of there team comes up.

REWARD for the WINNING TEAM!!!

starter
Starter
  • What is a noun?
    • Write down five examples of nouns.
  • What is a verb?
    • Write down five examples of verbs.
starter1
Starter
  • What is an adjective?
    • Write down 5 examples of adjectives.
  • What is an adverb?
    • Write down 5 examples of adverbs.
why use adjectives and adverbs
Why use adjectives and adverbs?
  • Consider the following:I was walking through the forest. The wind was blowing. The trees were shaking. The leaves on the ground crunched when I walked on them. I got a chill, and pulled my jacket tighter around me. I heard a scream behind me, and spun around. All I could see were shadows.Re-write this paragraph, putting in adjectives and adverbs.
independent work
Independent work...
  • Re-write the following, adding adjectives and adverbs where appropriate:The cat walked down the street. It saw a squirrel eating a nut on the kerb. The squirrel didn’t see the cat. The cat crouched down, ready to jump. Its’ tail swished. It jumped. The squirrel ran. The cat walked off, clearly annoyed.
plenary
Plenary
  • How has the use of adverbs and adjectives improved your story?
extending a simple sentence

Extending a simple sentence

The cat sat on the mat

Draw the cat on your white boards

adjectives what kind of cat was it
Adjectives – What kind of cat was it?
  • The cat sat on the mat.
  • The ferocious cat sat on the mat.
adjectives what kind of mat was it
Adjectives – What kind of mat was it?
  • The ferocious cat sat on the mat.
  • The ferocious cat sat on the grassy mat.
adverbs how did he sit on the mat
Adverbs – How did he sit on the mat?
  • The ferocious cat sat on the grassy mat.
  • The ferocious cat sat angrily on the grassy mat.
clause can you add some more information
Clause – Can you add some more information?
  • The ferocious cat sat angrily on the grassy mat.
  • The ferocious cat sat angrily on the grassy mat, because he had a thorn stuck in his paw.
now it s your turn extend this sentence
Now it’s your turn, extend this sentence
  • The boy ran.
  • Adjectives – Describe the boy.
  • Adverb – How did he run?
  • Clause – Where was he running to or what was he running away from, remember your conjunction.
i met two ladies called miss spink and miss forcible
I met two ladies called Miss Spink and Miss Forcible.

Lets brainstorm ideas as a class.

  • How would Coraline describe them?
  • What do they do?
  • How does Coraline feel about them?

Verbs & Adverbs

Adjectives

e.g. Acting dramatically

e.g. Old

e.g. I felt annoyed they got my name wrong!

there is a man who lives upstairs
There is a man who lives upstairs.

Brainstorm your ideas in pairs.

  • How would Coraline describe him?
  • What does he do?
  • How does Coraline feel about him?

Verbs & Adverbs

Adjectives

Extension:

Write an interesting sentence about Mr Bobinsky (the man upstairs) from Coraline’s point of view.

slide29

Choose either Miss Spink, Miss Forcible or Mr Bobo.Think about what these characters might think or feel towards Coraline when they first meet her.

Task: Write a diary entry from the perspective of Miss

Forcible, Miss Spink or Mr Bobo about when they

first meet Coraline.

  • Write in first person and include adjectives, verbs and adverbs and make compound sentences.

REMEMBER Capital Letters and Full Stops!

i met two ladies called miss spink and miss forcible2
I met two ladies called Miss Spink and Miss Forcible.

Adjectives

Verbs & Adverbs

  • How would Coraline describe them?
  • What do they do?
  • How does Coraline feel about them?

e.g. Old

e.g. Acting dramatically

e.g. I felt annoyed they got my name wrong!

there is a man who lives upstairs1
There is a man who lives upstairs.

Adjectives

Verbs & Adverbs

  • How would Coraline describe him?
  • What does he do?
  • How does Coraline feel about him?
simple compound complex sentences

Simple, Compound, Complex Sentences

TWWL:

To identify and use different types of sentences in your writing.

slide33

Write down two examples of your own Simple Sentences, then

underline the subject, object and verb.

Quick Question:

Why is varying your sentences so important?

slide34

What makes this sentence different to the first one?

Your task:

Write down two examples of your own compound sentences.

Some of you may be able to write four.

slide35

Look carefully at this sentence – how is it different to the

first two?

Your task

Write down two examples of your own complex sentences.

Some of you may be able to write four.

complex sentences
Complex Sentences

In pairs, write six examples of complex sentences,

making sure you write them out twice with the

subordinate clause in different places both times.

For example:

She put her coat on because she

was cold.

Because it was cold, she put her

coat on.

Extension: when you have finished, swap your work and underline the

subordinate clause in their sentences.

lesson objective
Lesson Objective
  • At the end of this lesson we will have improved our writing by using similes and metaphors.
what is a simile
What is a simile?
  • A simile is….
what is a metaphor
What is a metaphor?
  • A metaphor is…
task 1
Task 1
  • Using the following image and text as a starting point, write a description of the creature using similes and metaphors. Make sure you write in full sentences.

I was lying in bed one night when I heard the closet door slowly creak open. I quickly hid under my covers, leaving only my eyes exposed. I saw a monster standing there. It.....

slide46

Consider your own mini-saga.

  • Do you use any similes or metaphors? If not, go back and add one simile and one metaphor. Don’t worry if you go over the 50 word total.
plenary1
Plenary
  • Why are similes and metaphors good literary devices to use when describing things?
  • How do they improve your writing?
lesson objective1
Lesson Objective
  • At the end of this lesson we will have used adjectives and adverbs to improve our writing.
sentence structure

Sentence Structure

Aims:

Use a variety of sentence structures

Shape sentences for impact

short sentences
Short sentences:

Short sentences are great for dramatic impact and to build up tension.

suspense
Suspense:

To create suspense, don’t give everything away at the start of your writing.

Keep your reader guessing!

slide53
Task:

Have a go at changing this paragraph to create more suspense:

There was a cat in the bag. Josephine didn’t know what was in there and wanted to find out, so she put her hand in the bag. She screamed when she felt the cat’s fur.

did you get something like this
Did you get something like this?

Josephine approached the bag cautiously. She had to find out what was in there. Reaching in, her fingers felt something furry. She screamed. It was a cat!

Keeps the reader guessing

Starting with a verb-

gives variety.

Short sentences for impact- tension

long complex sentences
Long, complex sentences:

If you use too many short sentences then they will lose their impact and your writing will seem like a list.

Therefore, long, complex sentences are great to build up the suspense and to add detail, especially to setting.

slide56
The old clock, with its gold gilded hands, struck midnight.

The castle loomed ahead of me, the spears soaring majestically.

Now have a go at writing a complex sentence- that adds detail to your setting.