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Bullimia Nervosa. By: Edgar Luna . Discussion Q uestion. How does reciprical determinism contribute to people dignosed with bullimia nervosa? How would the enviroment , culture , and thinking lead to this disorder ?. Definition .

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bullimia nervosa

Bullimia Nervosa

By: Edgar Luna

discussion q uestion
DiscussionQuestion
  • Howdoesrecipricaldeterminismcontributetopeopledignosedwithbullimia nervosa?
  • Howwouldtheenviroment, culture, and thinking lead tothisdisorder?
definition
Definition
  • An eating disorder, characterized by episodes of eating, usually of high-calories foods, followed by vomiting, laxatives use fasting or, excessive exercise.
associated features
Associated Features
  • Binge–eating
  • Eating a large amount of food
  • Lack of control while eating food
  • Prone depression
  • Increase of concern of body
bing eating
Bing-Eating
  • A large amount of intake of food and calories
  • Lack of control during episode
purging nonpurging
Purging & Nonpurging
  • Purging– purgeeverycalorie and foodbyintakingan enema, ortakinglaxative, vomiting
  • Nonpurging- compesatesbyfastingorengaging in excessiveexsercise
anorexia vs bullemia
Anorexia vs. Bullemia
  • Bullimicshave a clearperceptionabouttheirbodyweight
  • Theydontstarvethemselvesbutthey do conductsome of thesameactionsthatanemicswouldperformsuch as excessivevomiting
causes
Causes
  • Cognitivefactors: pathalogicalpatternsthat are characterizedthroughtheirthoughts
        • Aviodproblemsratherthanresolvingthem
        • Wishfulthinkingratherthanrealisticthinking
        • Neglector abuse fromparents
prevalence
Prevalence
  • 1 to 2 percent of highschool and 0.2% of collegemen
  • 5 to 15% of femaleadolescents and youngadultwomen
  • More commonaround 16 and thandevelopes more over a 2 yearperiod
treatment
Treatment
  • They are differenttype of treatments: therapy and medicine
    • PhyscologicalTherapy
    • Interpersonal Therapy
      • Uses techniques similar totreatingdepressionwithhelp in treating personal conflicts and helpingraiseself-esteem
    • Cognitive-BehavioralTherapy
      • Treatingeatingdisorderstraighttothepoint
      • Consists of twelveelements
    • Focal Interpersonal Therapy
      • A logical approach would be to combine the two so that both the eating disorder and accompanying interpersonal problems were directly addressed.
etiology
Etiology
  • The cause of bulimia is not clear, but it probably results from a combination of family history, social values (such as admiring thinness), and certain personality traits (such as perfectionism)
  • Many young women, such as those in college or high school, have unhealthy attitudes toward eating and toward their bodies
  • Bulimia, like all eating disorders, is a complex physical and psychological condition.
p rognosis
Prognosis
  • Binge eating of high-carbohydrate foods
    • usually in secret
  • Exercising for hours
  • Eating until painfully full
  • Going to the bathroom during meals
  • Loss of control over eating, with guilt and shame
  • Body weight that goes up and down
  • Constipation, diarrhea, nausea, gas, abdominal pain
  • Dehydration
  • Missed periods or lack of menstrual periods
  • Damaged tooth enamel
  • Bad breath
  • Sore throat or mouth sores
  • Depression
citations
Citations
  • Myer D.G.(2011).Myer's psychology for ap.Newyork.NY, Worth Publishers