What are autotrophs
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What are autotrophs?. Organisms that make their own food (like plants). What do autotrophs need to make their own food?. Sunlight  photosynthesis. What are the products of photosynthesis?. Glucose and oxygen. How do all organisms obtain energy?.

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Sunlight photosynthesis
Sunlight  photosynthesis





By absorbing nutrients from food we eat not by digesting it
by absorbing nutrients from food we eat (not by digesting it)





Organisms that cannot make their own food (like animals)s chlorophyll)Heterotrophs are consumers - they must obtain their food by consuming producers or other consumers





Kinetic movement potential energy based on position
Kinetic – movement chlorophyll)Potential energy – based on position




What is cellular respiration
What is cellular respiration? increases as you go up)


Harvesting energy atp stored in food occurs in both plants and animals
Harvesting energy (ATP) increases as you go up)stored in food – occurs in both plants and animals



Opposite to photosynthesis glucose and oxygen carbon dioxide water and atp
Opposite to photosynthesis: increases as you go up)Glucose and oxygen  Carbon dioxide, water and ATP



What is chemical energy
What is chemical energy? increases as you go up)


The potential energy of organic compounds increases as you go up)– related to the arrangement of the atoms within amolecule. (see peanut diagram)


What is a calorie
What is a calorie? increases as you go up)


A unit of energy – the amount increases as you go up)of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius



1 kilocalorie 1000 calories called big c the calories shown on a food label is are kilocalories
1 kilocalorie=1000 calories called “big C” label?The calories shown on a food label is are kilocalories



Energy transferred from a warmer object to a cooler object heat that cannot be saved or collected
energy transferred from a warmer object to a cooler label?object – heat that cannot be saved or collected



1- About label?75% of all the available energy in gasoline is lost as heat. 2-60% of heat is lost from the human body – this is why we get hot in a small crowded room.




Where do oxygen co2 gases and water leave the leaves from in plant leaves
Where do label?Oxygen, CO2 (gases) and water leave the leaves from in plant leaves?




Stroma
stroma label?


Coin like structures that are found in the stroma
Coin-like structures label?that are found in the stroma


Thylakoid
Thylakoid label?




The chlorophyll uses this along with carbon dioxide and hydrogen ions to produce sugar molecules
The chlorophyll uses found?“this” along with carbon dioxide and hydrogen ions to produce sugar molecules








Mechanical (physical movement), chemical (dehydration synthesis or building amino acids) and transport (movement od molecules across a membrane)



It is recyclable adp phosphate
It is recyclable (ADP + phosphate)

ATP is produced at the rate of 10 million ATP molecules per cell per second





-heart pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs where the blood exchanges carbon dioxide w/oxygen. -The oxygen in the blood returns to the heart so that oxygenated blood can be pumped to the rest of the body. -The carbon dioxide to released to exit the body through breathing.


What do all living things need as fuel for cellular respiration? Where does it occur? What does it produce?


Glucose in the mitochondria atp 38
-Glucose respiration? -in the mitochondria-ATP (38)



I respiration? t gets burned slowly. It provides you w/energy so that you can use it throughout the day (slow and steady).


True or false: respiration? you use the same amount of energy when you are sleeping compared to when you are awake


True! respiration?





1- Glycolysis - nonaerobic (2 ATPs) produces the most ATP?2- Krebs Cycle – aerobic (2 ATPs)3- Electron Transport Chain – aerobic (32-34 ATPs)