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Sharps, Flats, and Enharmonics. A.K.A. The Black Keys. Sharps. Sharp- raises a pitch a half step (sounds higher) Notation- # The middle of the sharp sign must be in the same location as the note. #. Note is third space, center of sharp is third space….they must match!. Sharps.

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sharps flats and enharmonics

Sharps, Flats, and Enharmonics

A.K.A.

The Black Keys

sharps
Sharps
  • Sharp-raises a pitch a half step (sounds higher)
  • Notation- #
  • The middle of the sharp sign must be in the same location as the note

#

Note is third space, center of sharp is third space….they must match!

sharps1
Sharps
  • The sharp sign (#) is always placed BEFORE a note when written in the music.
  • The sharp sign (#) is written AFTER the note name, when writing things in English.

#

C#

Or

C-sharp

sharps2
Sharps

#

#

#

#

#

F#

C#

G#

D#

A#

sharps3
Sharps
  • Individual Practice-complete the worksheet naming sharps
flats
Flats
  • Flat-lowers a pitch a half step (sounds lower)
  • Notation -
  • The middle of the “b” must be in the same location as the note.

Note is second space, center of flat is second space….they must match!

flats1
Flats
  • The flat sign ( ) is always placed BEFORE a note when written in the music.
  • The flat sign ( ) is written AFTER the note name, when writing things in English.

C

Or

C-flat

flats2
Flats

D

F

A

C

E

G

flats3
Flats
  • Individual practice-complete the worksheet naming flats
sharps on the piano
Sharps on the Piano
  • Remember: half-steps are the next closest touching key.
  • Sharps will always be the next closest key to the RIGHT.

D#

F#

G#

D#

F#

G#

C#

A#

C#

A#

C

D

F

A

C

D

F

A

G

G

sharps on the piano1
Sharps on the Piano
  • E# and B# are different.
  • Moving up a half-step for them means moving to the white key to the right.
  • What are the names of the E# and B# keys normally?

F

C

F

C

E

E#

B

B#

E

E#

B

B#

enharmonics
Enharmonics
  • Enharmonics are different notes that land on the same piano key.
  • B# is the same key as C
  • E# is the same key as F
  • This also means that these different note names will make the same sound.
flats on the piano
Flats on the Piano
  • Remember: half-steps are the next closet touching key.
  • Flats will always be the next closest key to the LEFT

E

G

A

E

G

A

D

B

D

B

D

E

G

B

D

E

G

B

A

A

flats on the piano1
Flats on the Piano
  • C and F are different
  • Moving down a half-step for them means moving to the white key to the left.
  • What are the names of C and F normally?

B

E

B

E

F

F

C

C

F

F

C

C

enharmonics1
Enharmonics
  • Enharmonics are different notes that land on the same piano key.
  • C is the same key as B
  • F is the same key as E
  • This also means that these different note names will make the same sound
enharmonics2
Enharmonics
  • All names of all keys…lots of enharmonics!

D#

F#

G#

D#

F#

G#

C#

A#

C#

A#

E

G

A

E

G

A

D

B

D

B

F

E#

C

B#

F

E#

C

B#

C

D

E

F

G

B

C

D

E

F

G

B

C

A

A

enharmonics3
Enharmonics
  • Individual practice
    • Write the name of each note on the line provided
    • Compare the two notes tee see if they are enharmonics
    • If they are enharmonics, highlight them yellow
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