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Making Knowledge Count Maximising the value of Research for Development. John Young: ODI, London firstname.lastname@example.org. Overseas Development Institute. Development Think Tank 60 researchers Research / Advice / Public Debate Rural / Humanitarian / Poverty & Aid / Economics / Policy Processes
John Young: ODI, London
For more information see: www.odi.org.uk
for further information see: www.odi.org.uk/rapid / www.odi.org.uk/cspp
Kate Bird et al, Fracture Points in Social Policies for Chronic Poverty Reduction, ODI WP242, 2004 (http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/working_papers/wp242.pdf)
1 Clay & Schaffer (1984), Room for Manoeuvre; An Exploration of Public Policy in
Agricultural and Rural Development, Heineman Educational Books, London
2 Omamo (2003), Policy Research on African Agriculture: Trends, Gaps, and Challenges,
International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR) Research Report No 21
3Surr (2003), DFID Research Review
Source: Phil Davies Impact to Insight Meeting, ODI, 2005
Percolation model, Weiss
Tipping point model, Gladwell
‘Context, evidence, links’ framework, ODI
Policy narratives, Roe
Systems model (NSI)
External forces, Lindquist
‘Room for manoeuvre’, Clay & Schaffer
‘Street level bureaucrats’, Lipsky
Policy as social experiments, Rondinelli
Policy Streams & Windows, Kingdon
Disjointed incrementalism, Lindquist
The ‘tipping point’, Gladwell
Crisis model, Kuhn
‘Framework of possible thought’, Chomsky
Variables for Credibility, Beach
The source is as important as content, Gladwell
Linear model of communication, Shannon
Simple and surprising stories, Communication Theory
Provide solutions, Marketing I
Find the right packaging, Marketing II
Elicit a response, Kottler
Translation of technology, Volkow
Advocacy coalitions etc, Pross
Negotiation through networks, Sebattier
Shadow networks, Klickert
Chains of accountability, Fine
Communication for social change, Rockefeller
Wheels and webs, Chapman & Fisher
Socio-economic and cultural influences,
donor policies etc
The political context – political and economic structures and processes, culture, institutional pressures, incremental vs radical change etc.
The links between policy
and research communities – networks, relationships, power, competing discourses, trust, knowledge etc.
The evidence – credibility, the degree it challenges received wisdom, research approaches and methodology, simplicity of the message, how it is packaged etcAn Analytical Framework
The Hubl StudyAnimal Healthcare in Kenya
Professionalisationof Public Services.
ITDG Paravet networkand change of DVS.
KVB letter(January 1998).
Multistakeholder WSs →new policies.
Professionalisation of Public Services.
Structural Adjustment → collapse of services.
Paravet projects emerge.
ITDG Paravet network.
Rapid spread in North.
KVB letter (January 1998).
Multistakeholder WSs → new policies.
Still not approved / passed!
ITDG projects – collaborative research.
The external environment:
The political context:
- The RAPID Framework
- Using the Framework
- The Entrepreneurship Questionnaire
Context Assessment Tools
- Stakeholder Analysis
- Forcefield Analysis
- Policy Mapping
- Political Context Mapping
- Communications Strategy
- SWOT analysis
- Message Design
- Making use of the media
- Case Studies
- Episode Studies
- Bibliometric Analysis
- Focus Group Discussion
Policy Influence Tools
- Influence Mapping & Power Mapping
- Lobbying and Advocacy
- Campaigning: A Simple Guide
- Competency self-assessment
OUTCOME MAPPING:Building Learning and Reflection into Development ProgramsSarah Earl, Fred Carden, and Terry Smutylo