Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
Green Community-Earth Community Development for Reviving Community Altruistic Values and Norms in the World. Dr. Kazi Abdur Rouf Visiting Scholar, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Canada and Associate Professor, Noble International University USA . Paper presented at the
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Visiting Scholar, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Canada
Associate Professor, Noble International University USA.
Paper presented at the
Noble International University Peace Education Symposium
720 Spadina Avenue
July 15, 2014
This paper is the combination of ideas extracted from David Korton’s Earth Community
Author’s community green development phenomenon and their significance for creating green community society
To generate altruistic norms and values in the neighbourhoods
This paper promotes a bio-diverse green economy and green women development based on Korten’s Earth Community’ approach.
Korten’sthoughts on ‘Earth Community’ help people devise alternative notions
For the development of a people-centered sustainable green economy
The author thinks Korton’s Earth Community synopsis
Green community development provide readers with a synopsis of Green society might help people’s think and
Find out ways of making better altruistic green community life in the contemporary capitalistic world.
Debt driven materialistic consumption economy is unsustainable ecologically
Problematic socially and unstable economically
Currently there is no model for how common macro-economic ‘aggregates’
(Production, consumption, investment, trade, capital stock, public spending, labour, and money supply and so on)
No model to account systematically for the present economic dependency on ecological variables such as resource use and ecological services.
1 billion people across the world are on less $1 a day-half price of a small cappuccino in Starbucks
A fifth of the world’s population earns just 2 per cent of global income
Richest 20 per cent by contrast earn 74 percent of the world’s income
Capitalism creates huge disparities
Even during 2008 In UK, debt was growing at the rate of £1 million every 11 minutes (Jim, p. 23)
Cumulative consumer debt stood at almost £ 1.5 trillion
Capitalism has fundamentally broken
Capitalism has negative effects on human lives, other living species and threat to ecology
Global economy has grown more than 5 times than it was in 1960
If it continues to grow at the same rate, it will be 80 times bigger in 2011 than it was in 1950
OECD estimated for 9 billion population , an economy needed 15 times of the today’s economy
75 times bigger than what was in 1950
By 2050 40 times bigger than today’s economy (200 times bigger than in 1950 (Jackson, p. 14)
The Economic growth has failed the fragile ecological systems, we depend for survival
It has failed to provide economic stability and secure people’s livelihoods
Banking crisis of 2008 led the world to the brink of financial disaster
The capitalist economy runs on debt
Shopping generation-hooked on brand
Destroy Ecology: 150,000 acres of tropical rainforest are destroyed
Each day, 2 million tons of toxic waste is dumped in to our rivers and seas.
Two terms are used by David Korton (2006)
These terms are opposite to each other
Empire is conquering, influencing, dominating, and extracting resources without returning to mother earth
Empire organizes human society through domination at all levels and gives fortune to only a few people
Great majority of individuals were impoverished
their needs being subordinated by the ruling elite
Individual choice is limited in Empire
Empire brings fortune to the few, condemns the majority to misery and
Servitude, suppresses the creative potential of all
Example: Ancient Mesopotamia, Rome, Egypt, and Greece, a new basis of organization arose:
Empire state, which was hierarchical and
Controlled by relatively small elite and their entourages
During this period and after, spiritually, gods were more often male
Represented rulers and controllers
Most earthly rulers were also male
The role and the powers of women were diminished
The new rulers robbed public wealth and discriminated against women
Empire’s ruling classes maintain their control over the lives of ordinary people and resources
Through allocation of money to different communities.
Children Seniors, women, disabled people and many other people are marginalized-struggling for justice in society
Empire’s victory creates colonial elites
Colonizers transfer power of exploitations to their colony followers
There is a democratic challenge to the power of these modern empires.
Earth Community is the reflection of collective human creativity and collective choice
Earth Community is an alternative to the alienation and sorrows of an Empire
It places life values ahead of financial values, and organizes by the principles of partnership
This Earth Community bondinghelps people to challenge Empire’s power and privilege
Here cooperation among people for the benefit of community well-being
It organizes by partnership, unleashes the human potential for creative cooperation
Shares resources and surpluses for the good of all (Korton, 2006)
Humans are the architects of their own nature and future
According to Korton (2006) recent global communication technologies break down imperial domination and allow the Earth Community to prosper
Although Earth Community is characterized by deep democracy, justice to all people is difficult to realize.
Empire Earth Community
Hostile and competitive Life is supportive and cooperative
Humans are flawed and dangerous Humans have many possibilities
Order by domination and hierarchy Order through partnership
Compete or die Cooperate and live
Love power Love life
Defend the rights of the self Defend the rights of all
Male dominant Gender balanced
Source: Korton, 2006, Table 1.1, p.33.
Human society was organized on the basis of relationships-forms informal social organizations - David Korton terms it "Earth Community“
Cooperation was the basic principal of interaction
Earth was respected, and the needs the individual were humanely balanced with the needs of the group
However, from feudal period emperors become conquerors and started robbing
Exploiting to the defeated regions
Capitalist society become imperialists
Before Empire, spiritually- goddess (Gods were females- representing the givers of life and sustenance
Women enjoyed a status of full participation, with a voice in all family and village affairs
However, in different periods of empire, women’s egalitarian status transformed and
Was lost to patriarchal male domination.
Empire’s capitalist dehumanization process creates this disparity in the world
Corporate businesses and institutions get enormous power
Expand their wealth by turning the human race into cog labour
Corporations are powerful engines of wealth concentration
85% of the resources of the planet are appropriated by 20% of the world’s people
Now corporations influence and rule the world, and are increasing their exploitative power
Corporate globalization is far more dominant than local living economies and healthy communities
Petroleum production declining and its civilization destroying Mother Earth
Increasing global worming due to polluted climate and its change
Military force can no longer be used to take resources from weaker nations
Poverty promises massive unrest and civil strife (conflict)
World empire is based on a corporate system that has no role for the satisfaction of human needs and Nurturing of human values
Empire system bottom line is to rule people
This wealth disparity affects human-centered ecological economics and
Results in air pollution, global warming and climate change.
Local Preference–local needs met by local businesses
Human Scale–foster face-to-face human relationships
Responsive Markets–businesses respond to self-defined needs of the people
Responsibility for Harms Caused
Information and Technology
Economic Self-Determination–citizens must control their own economic future
Fair and Balanced Trade – prices must reflect full costs.
Modern macro-economic variable is the GDP
GDP is a measure of the ‘busy-ness’ of the economy
It is resource hungry manufacturing sector
Leisure the fastest growing sectors in modern economics, responsible for 25% carbon ‘foot print’
Profit motive stimulates
Expanding consumer demand by creating a complex social logic
Private transport is incentivized over public transport; motorists are prioritized over pedestrians
Energy supply is subsidized and protected, while demand management is often chaotic and expensive; waste disposal is cheap; recycling demands time and effort
Wastage centers few and far, often overflowing with waste.
Korton believes the Great Turning’ is already underway, on a limited scale, through
Civil rights movements
Feminist, environmental peace and other social movements.
In 2009 recovery package has aimed to ‘kick start’ consumers’ spending, protects jobs, and stimulate economic growth again
The global financial crisis 2008 consensus us to re-invigorate economic growth
Both liberal and coordinated market economics call for ‘kick-start’ consumer spending
Get the economies growing again
Changing the social logic consumption cannot be regulated to the realm of individual choice
Social structure can shift people`s values and behaviours.
Increase resource efficiency, renewable energy and reductions in material throughput
A massive technological shift; a significant policy effort
Changes consumer values and lifestyles- free us from the damaging social logic of consumerism
Unlocked us from growth, free us from the flow of novelty- material throughput
Aim ‘to create and saver 3 to 4 million jobs, jumpstart US economy.
Green stimulus component main approach is public sector employment at green jobs
Conservation (low-carbon vehicles, clean energy and recycling)
Quality of life (green neighbourhoods and housing)
Environmental protection (including flood defence) and
Infrastructure IT and green transport networks.
To dismantle old institutions (capitalism) is risky
Start opening out of a public and policy dialogue of the issues
Develop green economics literatures, research
Three specific recommendations Jim Jackson (2011)
Establishing the limits: Resource and emission caps-and reduction targets
Fixing the economic model: ‘Fiscal reform for sustainability’
Support ecological transition
Changing the social logic
Promote social economy (Jack Quarter, 2009)
Develop policies, acts and strategies for social enterprise organizations ( Rouf, 2011)
Expand social businesses (Yunus, 1990).
This paper creates new knowledge, thoughts and strategies that inspire people to organize themselves against exploiting empires
To develop partnerships among marginalised people for their well-being in the community
It tells us how to use human potential for creative cooperation
Share resources for the creation of community-driven economies that are green, smart
Promote the well-being of all people.
To eradicate injustice, inequality and exploitation from society, it is important to revive the earth community
To restore justice and equality in the contemporary society
To escape Empire’s control, it is essential develop contextual knowledge, technology, religion, and science
To build the Earth Community through mutual cooperation, community organizing and community capacity building
Deeping human community yearning for a healthy community can create a new era for the Earth Community (Korton, 2006)
Cultural Turning, economic Turning and political turning can bring and
Can effect a positive change to Earth Community
Strategies for cultural, economic and political turnings could generate local living economics
To move toward local living economies, David Korten suggests
To open political process that includes all citizens’ rights to vote and
Unbiased media access to open political debates
Birthing Earth Community’, talks about leadership for birthing the great new era
Here leadership comes from below through a process of mutual empowerment
It allows us to move forward and glimpse the possibilities of human capacity.
This challenging community organizing against colonizers, against colonizing values and norms can create a people-centered epic journey of self-discovery (Korton, 2006)
This determination can open doors to living communities and
Living economies with diverse and mutual benefits to common people
Earth Community not only empowers disadvantaged groups, but also cares for and
Nurture the environment and the ecology
Results in stronger communities for facing disasters, and in greater sustainability and
Green growth of our current society
This new turning makes the choice for life
Gives expression to the higher potential of nature
Restores families and community power
However people need to organize themselves and force the few exploiters to distribute their wealth more fairly.