Pedestrians and cyclists first – experience from the car-free quarter 'Stellwerk 60' Cologne - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Pedestrians and cyclists first – experience from the car-free quarter 'Stellwerk 60' Cologne

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  1. Pedestrians and cyclists first –experience from the car-free quarter 'Stellwerk 60' Cologne Ralph Herbertz Verkehrsclub DeutschlandRegionalverband Köln Walk21 Munich, 2013 Photo: Norbert Gerhardius

  2. Presentation overview Start and concept car-free housing History Cologne project Stellwerk 60 and mobility concept Conclusion

  3. “Everybody has a car” Common sense in the nineties(planner, politician, developer, public)

  4. Cars per household in 1997from... to below... Nowadays even less Source: Documentation market survey, 1998 Motorization in Cologne by quarters

  5. Car-free housing development From early nineties on discussed by experts and on conferences, public funding for research Several movements to realize car-free housing projects started Some projects with different concepts realized:Amsterdam, Bremen, Cologne, Freiburg, Hamburg, Münster, Munich, Vienna, Edinburgh from totally car-free to individual choicefrom strong to liberal legal regulations

  6. Car-free housing CologneHistory / General process 1994: Arbeitskreis Autofreie Siedlung Köln (ASK) 1997: Market survey by city administration 1999: Urban planning concepts by ASK 2000: Urban planning contest 2001: Search for a developer/investor by ASK 2004: Developer gain option for site 2005: Stellwerk 60 start of distribution and construction 2006: First residents moved in and established a neighbourhood organization 2013: Last residents moved in

  7. Facts Stellwerk 60 Part of a former brownfield Quarter next to inner city Car-free quarter site 4.2 ha 430 housing units 1.200 residents Housing mix: house and flat, buy and rent(including social housing) 80 % have to be car-free Mobility concept Source: Aerophoto Luftbild

  8. Location source: www.stellwerk60.de District shopping center Stellwerk 60 Map: Kontrola GmbH

  9. City center & main station -12 min by bike -Two stops by local train Stellwerk 60 Map: ADFC, J. P. Bachem Verlag, Kommunale Geodaten: Stadt Köln, Amt für Liegenschaften, Vermessung und Kataster 2009

  10. Public transport and Bicycle network Public transport within 500 to 700 m S-Bahn (interurban train, 2 lines) Tram (3 lines) Bus (4 lines, one with stop next to entrance) Close to main cycle route (part of state wide network) Still improvements necessary (e.g. opening of one-way streets, waiting time at traffic lights, B&R)

  11. Public space design Mobility station/services Bicycle parking facilities Car sharing station Parking garage for visitors and inhabitants with car ownwership, reserve space Car-free contracts with owners and tenants Mobility concept Stellwerk 60

  12. Regulation Pedestrian zone, bicycles allowed No car traffic inside quarter allowed,some exceptions:- blue-light traffic- garbage- delivery of heavy goods

  13. Main streets Stellwerk 60 Main streets Map: Kontrola GmbH

  14. Public space Differentiated design of barrier-free streets Small places with benches Both sides of a house are useable

  15. ImpressionStellwerk 60

  16. Mobility station At hand for free: Hand carts Bicycle trailers Delivery service (private offer)

  17. Mobility station +Expanded by neighbourhood organization Outdoor toys Garden furniture and tools Tents, benches, tables Party equipment Free book exchange

  18. Short-time & visitorBicycle parking close to entrance Cologne “hairpin” (Cologne standard rack) minimum one per flatsuitable for two bikes

  19. Bicycle parking Long-time closed and covered at-grade bike ports close to house orunderground garage for bicycles (easily accessible by ramps) minimum space for two bikes per flat additional space for trailer Photo: Norbert Gerhardius Nominated 2013, 3rd prize

  20. Car Car-sharing- provided by - on-hand from start on- special rate- now 18 cars and second provider (flinkster) - open and attractive to public Car park with 120 lots- 40 for visitors (0,1 per housing unit)- 80 for inhabitants (0,2 per housing unit)- additional reserve space

  21. ConclusionMobility High rate of non-motorized transport Pedestrians are dominant in the quarter Bicycle is the main mode of transport although public transport and car sharing have been very much in the focus of discussion before Car sharing works fine A few illegal cars  Mobility works – it is no big deal

  22. ConclusionProject Communicative and lively neighbourhood Active neighbourhood organisation High satisfaction of the residents High living quality and public space Children heaven Still some prejudice in the surrounding neighbourhood(“They have a car”)  Car-free housing pays off!

  23. Conclusion General aspects Better awareness of car-free people Change of building regulations (Mostly) positive media coverage (TV, radio, print) Several awards for car-free housing projects Reguarly professional visitors

  24. Car-free housing today Almost no new projects or initiatives Theme is less discussed then in the ninetiesalthough time should be fine (sustainability, high oil prices etc.) Why? Car-free housing is (too) complicated Less flexibility Developer view Mobility management and housing are still separated  What is next?

  25. Next step Car-free housing projects demonstrate good and functioning solutions These are also of interest for a lot of people – regardless of car use  It is time to integrate elements of car-free housing into “normal/ everyday” planning and development It will have positive effects on mobility patterns!

  26. It’s just a small step Stellwerk 60 could also be a “normal” development – just covering different modes of transport Car Parkcovering standard capacity

  27. Measures for future planning Good design of public space and carfree streets/paths inside Adequate number of good bicycle parking facilities (including space for trailers and special bikes) Concentrated car parking on the edge(s) Mobility station Integration of car sharing Integration of public transport (special offers) Information on mobility options before moving in (soft measures)  Nothing new, but too rarely considered

  28. Future standards (?) Mobility management for urban planning and housing development as standard practice High attention to pedestrians and cyclists needs Good access to public transport and car-sharing(from start on) Cars as one but not dominant aspect (of public space design) Large(r) car-free areas Car parking:- Concentrated at the fringe- Mostly in garages and not in the public space- Full cost paid by users (residents and visitors)

  29. Thank you for your attention! Further information:Cologne (only German) www.nachbarn60.dewww.autofreie-siedlung-koeln.de General www.add-home.euwww.mobilitaetsmanagement.nrw.de (go to Handlungsfelder / Wohnen) We also offer guided tours – just ask. Verkehrsclub DeutschlandVCD Regionalverband Köln e. V. Melchiorstr. 350670 Colognet +49 (0)221 - 739 39 33info@vcd-koeln.de Ralph Herbertz stadtPLANmobility management • traffic planning Im Stavenhof 17-1950668 Colognet +49 (0)0221 - 12 12 60m +49 (0)177 - 208 22 53stadtplan.koeln@web.de