Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Cziszter, L.T., Acatin căi , S., Stanciu, G., Tripon, I., G ăvojdian, D., Erina S., Baul, S. PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Cziszter, L.T., Acatin căi , S., Stanciu, G., Tripon, I., G ăvojdian, D., Erina S., Baul, S.

Cziszter, L.T., Acatin căi , S., Stanciu, G., Tripon, I., G ăvojdian, D., Erina S., Baul, S.

165 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Cziszter, L.T., Acatin căi , S., Stanciu, G., Tripon, I., G ăvojdian, D., Erina S., Baul, S.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Preliminary results on evaluation the calves welfare in raising and fattening farms from Banat region in Romania Cziszter, L.T., Acatincăi, S., Stanciu, G., Tripon, I., Găvojdian, D., Erina S., Baul, S. Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies Timişoara, USAMVBT, Romania 300645 Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, cziszterl@yahoo.com

  2. Aim • Calf welfare assessment based on questionnaire XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  3. Materials and Methods • Calf welfare questionnaire based on • Council Directive 91/629/EEC • Welfare Animal Act, 2001 • Romanian legislation • ANSVSA Order No. 72/2005 – calves protection • ANSVSA Order No. 75/2005 – farm animal protection rules SDT, Timişoara, Romania XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  4. Materials and Methods cont. • Questionnaire with 76 lines • 44 minimum standards • 32 supplementary requirements • Answers YES/NO + remarks • Farms: • Two rearing and fattening farms • One cow-calf operation • One dairy farm • Evaluation: March, 2008 XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  5. Minimum Standards • Neither farm was keeping calves in individual pens after 8 wks of age • One fattening farm was using only group pens • Individual pens complied with requirements regarding the width, length and perforated walls • Appropriate pen dimensions in all farms • 1.8 m2/hd up to 150 kg BW • 2 m2/hd for 150-220 kg BW • 2.2 m2/hd over 220 kg BW Minnesota, USA XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  6. Minimum Standards Denmark XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  7. Minimum Standards • Materials used for buildings, pens and equipment: • Not harmful for calves • Allow mechanical and chemical cleaning • Electrical circuits and equipment • Built to prevent electrical shock • Automatic or mechanical equipment • Inspection: • 1x/day in one farm • 2x/day in 2 farms • 1 farm has a qualified employee • Procedures to fix troubleshoots in all farms Vladimirescu, Arad, Romania Minnesota, USA XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  8. Minimum Standards • Ventilation system • Worked properly in all farms • Only one fattening farm hasa heating device • No alarming system • Lighting • Calves were not kept permanently in darkness • Artificial lighting system in all farms • Allowed calves inspection in any moment Minnesota, USA XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  9. Minnesota, USA XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  10. Minimum Standards • Calves inspection • Twice a day inside the barn • Once a day outside the barn • Sick/injured calves isolated • Housing system allowed calves • Lie down • Stand up • Rest • Groom Iratoş, Arad, Romania Mureşul, Arad, Romania XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  11. Minimum Standards • Cleaning and disinfection • In 3 farms • Buildings, pens, equipment and utensils properly • Manure, urine and unconsumed feedstuff evacuated daily • Floor plain and not slippery • Bedded properly • In one fattening farm • Last disinfection 2005 • Wet straw bedding • Not clean surfaces • Manure evacuated twice a week Mureşul, Arad, Romania SDT, Timişoara, Romania XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  12. Minnesota, USA XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  13. Minimum Standards • Tying calves: • Not permanently tethered • Dairy farm calves tied during milk feeding • Measures to avoid strangulation • No muzzles for calves Minnesota, USA Vladimirescu, Arad, Romania XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  14. Minimum Standards • Iron supply • Alfalfa hay, except 1 fattening farm – poor hay • Colostrum • First 6 hrs of life • 1 fattening farm is collecting animal after the colostral period • Milk feeding • At least twice daily • Cow-calf operation – ad libitum access to mother’s udder • Feeding • Simultaneous access to feed and clean fresh water • Limited feed and water contamination Igriş, Timiş, Romania XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  15. Minnesota, USA Supplementary requirements • Personnel • Trained at least verbally • List of duties in 3 farms • Documents • Properly stored • Maintained for at least 3 years • Records on treatments and dead animals XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  16. Supplementary requirements • Temperature 12-20°C • Relative humidity 65-80% • Luminosity 40-80 lux • Air drafts and gases not measured Minnesota, USA Minnesota, USA Minnesota, USA Minnesota, USA XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  17. Conclusion • Basic requirements for keeping animals, pen dimensions, resting area, facilities and equipment maintenance, tethering restrictions, provision of colostrum, milk, and water, as well as inspection were well complied with regulations • Provision of clean, dry bedding and access to good quality feed were not well complied with • Farms provided good rearing conditions for calves, except one fattening farm where the barn and pen cleanness was improper XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.

  18. Thank you Mulţumesc Köszönöm Szépen Teşekkür EderimΕυχαριστώБлагодаря Ти Ďakujem Vám XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.