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Assessing the Impacts of Teen Pregnancy on Human Capital in South Africa. Cally Ardington, Nicola Branson, Murray Leibbrandt, University of Cape Town David Lam, Vimal Ranchhod University of Michigan January, 2009. Teen childbearing in South Africa.
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Cally Ardington, Nicola Branson,
Murray Leibbrandt, University of Cape Town
David Lam, Vimal Ranchhod
University of Michigan
CAPSThe Cape Area Panel StudyA Study of the Changing Lives of Young Adults in Cape TownA Joint Project of the University of Cape Town,the University of Michigan and Princeton University Integrated Waves 1-2-3-4 data available for free public download: www.caps.uct.ac.za
CAPS is funded by
U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development,
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and
The National Institute on Aging
Aug 2002 – Jan 2003
4752 young adults (age 14-22)
Aug 2003 – Dec 2003
1360 young adults (age 15-23)
May 2004 – Dec 2004
2489 young adults (age 16-24)
April 2005 – Dec 2005
all young adults (age 17-25),
plus household & parent questionnaires
All young adults (age 18-26), plus older adults (50+) and
children of female young adults
440 Census Enumeration
areas 10% of metro Cape Town, South Africa
Young adult data: Two Perspectives
Controls: age dummies, sex, population group (except for fixed effects)
* p-value<0.1, **p-value<0.05 ***p-value<0.01
Timeline for Africa Centre data collection
Approximately 100,000 people (resident and non-resident) in 11,000 households
Teen mothers are not behind other teens of the same age prior to the birth. Teens begin to fall behind in the year of the birth.
Teen mothers are not less likely to be enrolled that other teens of the same age prior to the birth. Some teen mothers re-enrol following the birth.
Includes all African and Coloured YA’s with mother’s age at their birth
Siblings and cousins in the same household
% higher as sample selective of women who begin childbearing early
High rates of teen fertility - by 20 years of age, over 50% of women have given birth.