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September 12, 2008. DO-NOW Based on your earlier HW assignment, list the key players and the events you remember from the Span-Am War. Define (in-depth): Imperialism OBJECTIVES To be able to answer: What were the main events in the Spanish American War?

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september 12 2008
September 12, 2008
  • DO-NOWBased on your earlier HW assignment, list the key players and the events you remember from the Span-Am War. Define (in-depth):Imperialism
  • OBJECTIVESTo be able to answer: What were the main events in the Spanish American War?
  • How does this war reflect the sense of imperialism
  • AGENDAHomework checkShare our examples of Y.J.Notes on Span-Am War“Exit Slips”
  • DO-LATEROn a ½ sheet of paper, provide 2 questions, concerns, needs to clarify, praises, etc. regarding this week of class. Questions and comments will be addressed on Monday
introduction to spanish american war

Introduction to Spanish-American War

“A Splendid Little War” John Hay, Secretary of State, 1898

  • Who?
  • Spain vs. America
  • Where?
  • Phillipines, Cuba (Spain’s Colonies)



The Philippines

  • Help give freedom to Spain’s colonies!Was this the US’s sole reason for becoming involved?
spain s re concentration policy
Spain’s Re-concentration Policy


  • Spain was fighting a guerilla war and needed to separate “good” (in favor of Spanish rule) from “bad” (associated with rebellion) guys
  • Cuban civilians were forced into government run concentration camps by Spanish instated governor, Valeriano “Butcher” Weyler


How did it lead to war?

  • Atrocities are published in US newspapers, using “Yellow Journalism” to compete for sales.
general weyler the butcher
General Weyler “The Butcher”
  • In 1896, the Spanish sent "The Butcher," to Cuba
  • To prevent the insurrectos
    • Weyler built concentration camps in which he imprisoned a large portion of the population
  • Under the harsh and unsanitary conditions in the concentration camps,
    • Cuban prisoners died rapidly, especially from disease
american economic interests
American Economic Interests


  • Protecting their economic interests
  • Many of Cuba’s sugar plantations were owned by Americans


How did it lead to war?

  • Made Americans more likely to help out Cuba
yellow journalists
“Yellow Journalists”


  • Make more $ if they keep you scared and interested
  • Newspaper created highly biased, exaggerated stories


How did it lead to war?

  • Made Americans want war! The masses pressured the leaders for war. Everyone a hawk.
  • Define Yellow Journalism.
  • What role did it play in the Spanish American War?
sinking of the maine in havana harbor
Sinking of the Maine in Havana Harbor


  • USS Maine explodes in Havana Harbor
  • Most Americans believe it was Spain’s fault
  • 1976 US Navy analyzed the sunken ship, decided that the hull blew OUT not IN

How did it lead to war?

  • Spark that started the war
        • You could say “9/11” effect
  • “Remember the Maine! To hell with Spain!”
thinking slide
Thinking Slide:

Which of these do you think was most responsible for the nation going to war?

analysis headline of the maine explosion
Analysis: Headline of the Maine Explosion
  • “Maine Explosion Caused by Bomb or Torpedo?”2/17/1898 New York World
william mckinley jr 1843 1901
William McKinley, Jr. (1843-1901)
  • 25th President
  • Wanted to avoid war in CubaLike his predecessor, Grover Cleveland
  • Yellow journalism and public supported war
  • (Maine explosion Fed, 1898)
  • In April 1898, President McKinley abandoned his failed diplomatic efforts and asked Congress for permission to intervene in Cuba.
more than mckinley bargained for
More than McKinley bargained for:
  • April 1898, finally asks Congress to authorize invasion of Cuba
  • Congress approves, AND ALSO create a resolution recognizing Cuban independence from Spain.
  • Spain declares war on the US, April 24, 1989
manila bay philippines
Manila Bay, Philippines
  • What Happened at Manila Bay?
  • Surprise naval attack by the US sunk the crumbling Spanish Navy
  • Made Americans feel very superior
commodore george dewey
Commodore George Dewey
  • First Action:
  • May 1,— Commodore Dewey and his Asiatic Squadron defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay
  • During and after the war, George Dewey became one of the war's most celebrated heroes
rough riders
Rough Riders
  • Who were the Rough Riders? Who was their leader?
  • Teddy Roosevelt resigns as Asst Secy of the Navy to lead a “Cowboy Calvary”
  • Brought his own photographer
  • Teddy’s popularity from this leads to his becoming v.p. and president
tr s rough riders
TR’s Rough Riders
  • What famous Battle did they participate in?
  • The charge on San Juan Hill
  • One of the only land battles in Cuba
  • African Americans also helped but get no credit
theodore roosevelt assistant secretary of the navy
Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy
  • “I should welcome almost any war, for I think this country needs one”
  • First Volunteer Cavalry, nicknamed the "Rough Riders.“
  • US defeats Spain & becomes a world power
  • Teddy Roosevelt elected Vice President in 1900 and becomes President in 1901 when McKinley is shot
  • US must decide what to do about Spain’s former colonies
  • (Philippines, Puerto Rico, Guam, Cuba)
thinking slide1
Thinking Slide

Do you think the war was a good idea?