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Firefighter Personal Protective Equipment. Firefighter PPE. Firefighters require the best PPE available because of the hostile environment in which they perform their duties. All equipment discussed is required by NFPA 1500 Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety & Health Program

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firefighter ppe
Firefighter PPE
  • Firefighters require the best PPE available because of the hostile environment in which they perform their duties.
  • All equipment discussed is required by NFPA 1500 Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety & Health Program
  • Proper PPE does not guarantee safety, but can reduce & prevent injury when properly used & worn.
structural firefighting ppe turnouts
Structural Firefighting PPE(Turnouts)
  • Bunker gear, coveralls, helmets, gloves, footwear & interface components (hoods & wristlets) must comply with and have a permanently affixed label in accordance with:

NFPA 1971, Standard on Protective Ensemble for Structural Firefighting

structural firefighting ppe
Structural Firefighting PPE
  • The permanently attached and conspicuous label must display the following:
    • Manufacturers name, ID or designation
    • Manufacturers address
    • Country of manufacture
    • Manufacturer’s …ID number or lot number or serial number
    • Month & year of manufacture (not coded)
    • Model name, number or design
    • Size or range
    • Garment materials (coats, trousers, coveralls or hoods)
    • Footwear size & width (boots)
    • Cleaning precautions
structural firefighting ppe5
Structural Firefighting PPE
  • Helmet
    • Protects the head from impact & puncture injuries as well as scalding water
  • Protective Hood
    • Protects portions of the face, neck & ears not covered by the helmet or coat
structural firefighting ppe6
Structural Firefighting PPE
  • Coat & Trousers (Bunker Gear/Bunkers)
    • Protect trunk & limbs against cuts, abrasions & burn injuries & provide limited protection from corrosives.
  • Gloves
    • Protects the hands from cuts, wounds and burns.
structural firefighting ppe7
Structural Firefighting PPE
  • Safety Shoes or Boots
    • Protect the feet from burn injuries or punctures
  • Eye Protection
    • Protects the wearer’s eyes from flying solid particles or liquids.
structural firefighting ppe8
Structural Firefighting PPE
  • Hearing Protection
    • Limits noise-induced damage to the ears when loud noise situations can’t be avoided
  • Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
    • Protects face & lungs from toxic smoke & products of combustion
structural firefighting ppe9
Structural Firefighting PPE
  • Personal Alert Safety System (PASS)
    • Provides life safety protection by emitting a loud shriek if the FF should collapse or remain motionless for @30 seconds
wildland brush ppe
Wildland (Brush) PPE
  • Wildland Firefighting gear is covered by:

NFPA 1977, Standard on Protective Clothing & Equipment for Wildland Fire Fighting

  • Structural gear is generally too bulky, hot & heavy for Wildland Firefighting.
  • Wildland gear includes:
    • Gloves
    • Goggles
    • Brush jackets/pants or one piece jumpsuits
    • Head & neck protection
    • Footwear
station work uniforms
Station/Work Uniforms
  • Certain synthetic fabrics should never be worn. These fabrics melt & stick to skin.
  • Acceptable fabrics include:
    • Organic fibers such as wool & cotton
    • Synthetic fabrics such as Kevlar, Nomex, PBI, Kynol, Gore-Tex, Orlon, neoprene, Teflon, silicone & panotex.
  • All Station uniforms should comply with:

NFPA 1975, Standard on Station/Work

Uniforms for Firefighters

care of ppe
Care of PPE
  • All parts of the ensemble should be cleaned in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations.
  • Cleanliness effects the performance of coats, trousers, hoods & gloves.
    • Clean outer shells have better fire resistance. Dirty shells absorb more heat.
    • Dirty turnouts also add the risk of you taking carcinogen particulate home to loved ones every time you wear them.
    • Turnouts should be cleaned through a cleaning service or FD facility equipped to handle contaminants.