Norway's International Climate and Forest Initiative, our partnership and joint agenda with Indonesia. Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta 19 April 2011. Why a climate and forest initiative?.
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Norway's International Climate and Forest Initiative, our partnership and joint agenda with Indonesia. UniversitasGadjahMada Yogyakarta 19 April 2011
Why a climate and forest initiative? • Stern Review (2006) and IPCC (2007) confirm the potential of REDD as the most significant and cost-effective opportunity to stay within 2 degrees of global warming • Early action is necessary. Identify significant mitigation opportunities and test promising approaches, including payment for performance and low-carbon development strategies • Help set up international architecture to support developing countries efforts, provide strong incentives, address leakage, ensure permanence and global additionality • Include REDD+ in UNFCCC climate regime, additional to deep cuts at home, no offsets involved for Norway. • REDD can bring multiple benefits (alternative livelihoods and poverty reduction, forest peoples rights, biodiversity)
Background Objectives Background and main objectives of the International Climate and Forest Initiative Launched at COP13 at Bali in December 2007, established 2008 Project Team at the Ministry of Environment – cooperates with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norad and other relevant ministries Aims to contribute to reduced global warming by reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) in developing countries Promoting sustainable development and poverty reduction is an overriding goal for the initiative, as with all Norwegian foreign development policy To work towards the inclusion of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in a new international climate regime To take early action to achieve cost-effective and verifiable reductions in greenhouse gas emissions To promote the conservation of natural forests to maintain their superior carbon storage capacity SOURCE: The Norwegian Ministry of Environment
Why partner up with Indonesia, bilaterally and on the Global Climate and Forest Arena? Bilateral strategicpartnership, foundedon mutual respect, confidence and sharedinterests, experience from workingtogetheron multilateral issues. Sharedbelief in the UN, in multilateral arrangements and solutions, in the rule of law, and a democratic system withconsultations and involvement. Indonesia being a regional power, with a global outlook, member of G20 and leadingplayerwithin ASEAN working for povertyallivation and democracy. Indonesia has theworld’s 4th biggestpopulation, 3rd biggestforest and is the world’s 3rd biggest emitter of greenhouse gases. Indonesia’semissionscomepredominantly from deforestation and forestdegradation, particularly from vast peatlands. Indonesia did in Pittsburg in 2009 demonstrateextraordinarypolitical and internationalleadershipwith president Yudhoyonopledging to reducegreenhouse gas emissionswith 26%, and up to 41% with foreign assistance by 2020.
The REDD+ Partnership: Established in Oslo May 27th 2010 Why a global climate and forest partnership? • An action track to supplement the UNFCCC negotiation track • More than 55 member countries, including most ASEAN countries • around 4 billion USD pledged • Agreed principles • Coordination of actions, financing and results • Learn lessons and share best practice • The way forward: • Brazil and France current co-chairs • Secretarial services by Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and • the UN-REDD Programme • The global climate and forest partnership is the first of its kind
Indonesia-Norway Partnership on REDD+ and beyond • Indonesia committed to reducetheir 2020 emissions as estimated by a business-as-usualtrajectory by 26% outoftheirown funds and 41% withinternationalassistance • In recognitionofthe global significanceofthesecommitments, Norwaycontributes USD 1 billion to assist Indonesia in realising them • Part of a broaderstrategicpartnership, involvingcooperationonenergy, human rights, trade and economy, and global climate policy • A phasedapproach:
Phase 1 Preparation/2010-11 • Indonesia has identified 6 early deliverables for its REDD+ efforts, current status: • REDD+ Task Force appointed by President to implement LoI and prepare REDD+ Agency to coordinate all REDD+ and land use policy • UNDP interim financial instrument, workshop at Bali to start work on longer-term arrangements for disbursement • Draft REDD+ Strategy prepared by Bappenas through a multi-stakeholder process, Task Force to continue process • Presidential instruction on two year suspension on new licenses for natural forest and peatland conversion imminent • Independent institution for monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of reduced emissions from deforestation to be developed • Central Kalimantan identified as first pilot province • Independent Third Party Review to assess delivery of results for the first phase, and level of disbursement for 2011
How can Indonesia spend the funds from Norway? • Indonesia responsible for implementation and making the spending decisions, in accordance with internationally recognised safeguards • Norway contributes according to the deliverables from Indonesia, whether in the form of enabling policies and reforms (2010-2013), or independently verified emissions reductions (2014-). Most of the funds will be disbursed in the latter phase • Expenditure to conform with OECD-DAC requirements, and in line with the Indonesian mid-term development strategy and low carbon strategies being developed = integrated approach to poverty reduction and low carbon development
How can Gadjah Mada University play a role? Indonesia’s REDD+ effortsaretruly breaking newground, pioneerwork, and willrequire input from academiaonhow to proceed and how to make work in practice. • The process forward willrequireclosecooperationbetweengoverment, civilsociey, private sector and academia, interactionbetween the domestic and internationalactors and dimensions. • UGM has vast experience in the forest and climate , democracy and goodgovernance area, enjoyshighinternationalreputatition and network, beinglistened to in Jakarta – uniquelyplaced to provideacademic input to suchefforts • Need for input one.g: • forestmanagement • publicadministration • remotesensing • socialeffectsofpolicies • Long tradition for closecooperation and exchangesbetween Norwegian universities and UGM – to be buildt on and furtherexpanded!