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When you are done…. Write a well developed paragraph describing why World War One began. (use Ch. 26.1). 1914-1918: The World at War. By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY. Warm Up. Use your textbook to describe the four MAIN causes of World War one.

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when you are done

When you are done…

Write a well developed paragraph describing why World War One began. (use Ch. 26.1)

1914 1918 the world at war

1914-1918:The Worldat War

By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H. S.Chappaqua, NY

warm up
Warm Up

Use your textbook to describe the four MAIN causes of World War one.

What was the “spark” that started the war?

slide4

“WWI”

Chapter 26.1-2,4

i causes of the war
I. Causes of the War
  • Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
slide6

Militarism & Arms Race

Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s.

slide8

Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914

The“Powder Keg”of Europe

slide9

The “Spark”

    • Assassination
      • Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir of A-H, was visiting Bosnia
slide13

July Crisis

    • A-H issues impossible demands to Serbia
    • Germany gives A-H a “blank check”- help them if war comes
    • Russia mobilized military to defend Serbia
  • France, Germany, GB mobilize- alliances
slide17

Alliance System

    • Triple Alliance (Central Powers)
      • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
      • Later: Ottoman Empire
    • Triple Entente (Allied Powers)
      • Great Britain, France, Russia
      • Later: Italy, United States
slide18

The Alliance System

Triple Entente:

Triple Alliance:

Germany

Great Britain

France

Austria-Hungary

Russia

Italy

slide19

Two Armed Camps!

Allied Powers:

Central Powers:

slide21

The Major Players: 1914-17

Allied Powers:

Central Powers:

Nicholas II [Rus]

Wilhelm II [Ger]

George V [Br]

Victor Emmanuel II [It]

Enver Pasha[Turkey]

Pres. Poincare [Fr]

Franz Josef [A-H]

as you look at these cartoons write
As you look at these cartoons, write:

How do you think early soldiers felt about going to war?

What do you think they thought about their enemies?

How do you think their feelings will change once they start fighting?

slide25

Recruits of the Central Powers

A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother

Austro-Hungarians

slide34

German Poster

Think of Your Children!

as you look at these cartoons write1
As you look at these cartoons, write:

How do you think early soldiers felt about going to war?

What do you think they thought about their enemies?

How do you think their feelings changed once they started fighting?

warm up1
Warm Up
  • Why does was WWI so significant? What were important outcomes of the war?
warm up poems
Warm Up Poems
  • What is the poem about?
  • What sort of imagery is in it?
  • Describe the poets thoughts and feelings.
ii the western front
II. The Western Front
  • Schlieffen Plan- German War Plan
    • First, take Paris quickly- France surrender
    • Second, attack Russia
slide40

Germany pushed into France but failed to take Paris

Allies pushed Germans back, Germans dug trenches

slide42

Trench Warfare

“No Man’s Land”

slide43

Verdun – February, 1916

  • German offensive.
  • Each side had over 300,000 casualties.
slide44

The Somme – July, 1916

  • 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.
  • Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.
slide49

FlameThrowers

GrenadeLaunchers

slide50

Turned into a war of attrition- goal is not to defeat the enemy, just wear them down

Total war- all of a nation’s resources are used for war

slide54

The Flying Aces of World War I

FrancescoBarraco, It.

Eddie “Mick”Mannoch, Br.

Eddie Rickenbacher, US

Manfred vonRichtoffen, Ger.[The “RedBaron”]

Rene PaukFonck, Fr.

Willy Coppens deHolthust, Belg.

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Tell your partner three ways this war was different from all wars that came before.
warm up2
Warm Up
  • Where was most of the fighting in WWI? Why is it called a world war?
  • How did the Allied powers win?
  • What was one consequence of the war?
slide60

II. Other Fronts

  • Submarines- German u-boats attacked British shipping
slide62

“world war”- most fighting in Europe but because of imperialism, fighting all over the world

slide63

Fighting in Africa

Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen[German E. Africa]

British Sikh Mountain Gunners

slide64

Fighting in Africa

3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade

slide65

Fighting in Salonika, Greece

French colonial marine infantry fromCochin, China - 1916

iv end of war
IV. End of War
  • America Joins the War
    • America was neutral but sold munitions to the Allied powers
    • German U-boats sank boats with Americans including The Lusitania
slide74
Zimmerman Telegram- Germans offered part of US to Mexico if it attacked the US
  • America joined the Allies in 1917
slide77
Russia left the war in 1917 (Revolution!) so Germany made a new offensive on the Western front
  • Allies, helped by Americans, stopped German offensive
v peace
V. Peace…
  • Differing Viewpoints
    • US: Wilson’s Fourteen Points- creation of int’l organization
    • France: severely punish Germany!
    • Italy: wanted land but ignored
slide83
Versailles Treaty (1919)
    • Germany given full responsibility of war, punished, de-armed
    • A-H and Ottoman empires dismantled
slide84
League of Nations
    • Int’l peace organization
    • No enforcement power
    • US, Germany not members!
slide87

Other results

    • Spanish Influenza- disease spread from returning soldiers, ~50 million died
    • Economic chaos and political unrest
    • Independence movement in colonies