Priorities in Mental Health Services Research. David Chambers, D.Phil. Chief, Services Research and Clinical Epidemiology Branch Division of Services and Intervention Research National Institute of Mental Health June 9, 2008 AcademyHealth 2008. NIMH’s Strategic Objectives.
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Priorities in Mental Health Services Research David Chambers, D.Phil. Chief, Services Research and Clinical Epidemiology Branch Division of Services and Intervention Research National Institute of Mental Health June 9, 2008 AcademyHealth 2008
NIMH’s Strategic Objectives • Strategic Objective 1: Promote Discovery in the Brain and Behavioral Sciences to Fuel Research on the Causes of Mental Disorders • Strategic Objective 2: Chart Mental Illness Trajectories to Determine When, Where, and How to Intervene • Strategic Objective 3: Develop New and Better Interventions for Mental Disorders that Incorporate the Diverse Needs and Circumstances of People with Mental Illness • Strategic Objective 4: Strengthen the Public Health Impact of NIMH-Supported Research
A Broader Context for Services Research at NIMH • Consistent with the Strategic Plan of NIMH • Consistent with the Division of Services and Interventions Research • Develops research that establishes the effectiveness of interventions and the optimal access, quality, and outcomes of mental health services
Snapshot of NIMH Services Research • Key priority areas • Improving access, quality, and outcomes of care • Economics of mental health care • Reducing Health Disparities • Enhancing capacity for services research • Clinical Epidemiology • Dissemination and Implementation of EBPs
NIMH Services Research Portfolio • 153 Research Project Grants • 59 Career Development Awards • 12 Research Centers • 7 Developing • 5 Advanced • 11 Research Programs • CE, CH, DR, DX, EC, HD, MS, PC, QQ, SC, SQ (across the lifespan, demographics)
NIMH Services Research • Breadth of Contexts • Schools, Corrections, Child Welfare, Primary Care, Community MH, Nursing Homes, workplace (current) • Virtual environments, Anywhere (future) • From Service Use to Service Impact • Clinical Epidemiology focus on current need, utilization, disparities • Services ITVs on directly improving MH care
Diverse Staff Expertise • Epidemiology • Social Work • Economics • Psychology • Organizational Behavior Multi-disciplinary field benefits from multi-disciplinary staffing
National Advisory Mental Health Council’s Report on Services Research(2006) SOURCE:http://www.nimh.nih.gov/research-funding/scientific-meetings/ recurring-meetings/namhc/reports/road-ahead.pdf
NAMHC “Road Ahead” Report • RECOMMENDATION: NIMH should improve impact of research on policy and facilitate policy research
Encouraging State Policy Research • Concept derived from availability and lack of integration of administrative data within state systems • Current contract to NRI • to assess existing data quality for use in research • to develop a database of candidate policies for research • to develop rules, regulations to ensure accessibility of data to research and privacy rules to ensure data security • Current RFA (MH-09-050), submission date August 7, 2008, to • Develop studies to identify the impact of state financial, workforce, and other policies on cost, quality of care and patient outcomes. • Enable states to contribute own data, utilize other data to address specific policy questions of interest • Long term goal of creating a “natural laboratory” to facilitate cross-state comparative research • NIMH facilitates, and incubates, but does not run
NAMHC “Road Ahead” Report • RECOMMENDATION: NIMH should help add research components to demonstration projects funded by other agencies and departments (e.g., SAMHSA, SSA, CMS, and other NIH Institutes).
A Course for the Future • Stage One—Connecting researchers to ongoing efforts • Stage Two—Aligning research components of existing Demos • Stage Three—Collaborating on future Demos • Stage Four—Assessing NIMH research studies as candidate pilots for large demos
NAMHC “Road Ahead” Report • RECOMMENDATION: NIMH should increase health information technology research.
How Health Information Technology (HIT) Can Inform Mental Health Practice
EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE EVIDENCE-BASED/ RESEARCH-TESTED/ EFFECTIVE PRACTICES How do we improve the capacity of providers to use research to best deliver care to consumers/patients? How do we improve the uptake of practices demonstrated to improve consumer/ patient outcomes? INFORMED CLINICAL DECISION-MAKING INTEGRATION INTEGRATION Chambers, 2008
EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE EVIDENCE-BASED/ RESEARCH-TESTED/ EFFECTIVE PRACTICES • Electronic Health Records • Decision Support • E-Training Opps • Dissem. Tools • Fidelity Measures • IT platforms to deliver practices • Monitoring/Feedback • IT-assisted Training Technology Technology INFORMED CLINICAL DECISION-MAKING INTEGRATION INTEGRATION Chambers, 2008
HIT: The Way Forward • Develop an agenda for use of HIT to improve Mental Health care. • Possible workshop to facilitate partnerships between HIT expertise and MH • Focus on where IT is currently (e.g. social networking, virtual environments), where it can go in future, not as much on where it’s been (e.g. phone, static websites) • Change how research is done and what is researched
Practice Clinical Trials Networks Practical trials Services research Handoff for dissemination Two Kinds of Translation Bench Bedside Pathophysiology Diagnostic tests Biomarkers New treatments
A Feedback Loop Clinical Trials Networks Practical trials Services research Handoff for dissemination Bedside Practice Clinical Epidemiology Research on Clinical Decision-making Systems Research Health Disparities Research Quality of Care and Implementation Research
RESEARCH PROGRAMS: • Child and Adolescent Services Research Program • Clinical Epidemiology Program • Disablement and Functioning Research Program • Dissemination Research Program • Financing and Managed Care Research Program • Methodological Research Program • Outcomes and Quality of Care Program • Primary Care Research Program • Disparities in Mental Health Services Research Program • Socio-cultural Research Program • Systems Research Program Description of the Programs is available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/about/organization/dsir/services-research-and-epidemiology-branch/index.shtml
NIMH Services Research Program Staff: David Chambers, D.Phil. – Branch Chief, SRCEB; Chief, Dissemination and Implementation Research Program (Organizational Behavior) Denise Juliano-Bult, MSW– Systems Research and Disablement and Functioning Programs (Social Work) Karen Anderson Oliver, Ph.D.– Outcomes and Quality of Care and Clinical Epidemiology Programs (Epidemiology) Carmen Moten, Ph.D.—Primary Care, Socio-cultural, and Disparities in MH Services Research Programs (Psychology) Agnes Rupp, Ph.D.—Financing and Managed Care Research and Research Methods Programs (Economics)