slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Barriers for implementing Joint Implementation projects in Romania PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Barriers for implementing Joint Implementation projects in Romania

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 33

Barriers for implementing Joint Implementation projects in Romania - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 104 Views
  • Uploaded on

REGIONAL REEEP MEETING Szentendre, July 3, 2003. Barriers for implementing Joint Implementation projects in Romania. Honoriu PITARU , Executive Director - APER. Who is APER ?. ROLE: Provides information and knowledge to decision makers

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Barriers for implementing Joint Implementation projects in Romania' - gefen


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

REGIONAL REEEP MEETING

Szentendre, July 3, 2003

Barriers for implementing

Joint Implementation projects in Romania

Honoriu PITARU, Executive Director - APER

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide2

Who is APER ?

  • ROLE:
  • Provides information and knowledge to decision makers

and experts with respect to energy policy development

and analysis.

  • Acts as independent forum for exchange of experience

and opinions

  • Supports business development in the energy and

environment fields

  • ACTIVITIES:
  • Round tables, seminars, conferences, exhibitions
  • Training sessions and assistance for industry and

municipalities

  • Consultancy and support for legislative initiatives
  • Market analysis and presentations
  • Project portfolio & specific data basis
  • Publications, Library etc.

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide3

APER Members

  • 43 individual

Romanian and foreign

engineers, economists,

consultants, professors

Managers, Members of

Romanian Academy,

Governmental Experts,

Senators, Investors

  • 41 corporate

Companies, Institutions,

Municipalities

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide4

APER International Programs

  • APER establishment in 1995 (SYNERGY)
  • Dynamic campaign for sustaining and promoting the Energy Efficiency Law (World Learning Program-USAID)
  • Activities for Promoting Energy Efficiency topics

(ASE -USAID)

  • Seminars for decision makers ( Dundee University - UK)
  • Training courses for Municipal energy officers

(SAVE II)

  • Training on energy audit, M & T in industry (BSREC )
  • MUNEE – Municipal Network for EE (ASE – USAID)

Romanian Energy Policy Association

primary resources in reneuer countries
Primary Resources in RENEUER Countries

Romanian Energy Policy Association

resources per capita
Resources per capita

Romanian Energy Policy Association

installed capacities in reneuer countries
Installed capacities in RENEUER countries

Romanian Energy Policy Association

installed capacities capita
Installed capacities / capita

Average: 0.89 kW / capita

Romanian Energy Policy Association

power gas tariffs
Power & Gas Tariffs

Romanian Energy Policy Association

fuel power imports in reneuer countries
Fuel & Power imports in RENEUER countries

Source: IEA statistics

Romanian Energy Policy Association

energy losses in reneuer countries
Energy Losses in RENEUER Countries

Average RENEUER = 32% !!!

Romanian Energy Policy Association

ee investments vs fuel imports
EE investments Vs. Fuel imports

!!! 701.3 Mill. USD / EE ???

Romanian Energy Policy Association

ghg emissions in reneuer countries
GHG emissions in RENEUER Countries

( Mtone equiv.. CO2 )

325 Mtones / 28 Mtones

120 Mill. USD!

Romanian Energy Policy Association

legislative framework in reneuer countries
Legislative framework in RENEUER countries

** = Under preparation

Romanian Energy Policy Association

romanian energy sector
Romanian Energy Sector
  • Reserves: 68716 PJ

natural gas 21369 PJ

coal 38967 PJ

oil 8380 PJ

  • Primary Energy 1651.7 PJ
  • Power production 53.8 TWh / ‘01
  • Average efficiency in generating 33.4 %
  • Losses 12.7 %

Romanian Energy Policy Association

dh sector
DH Sector
  • Connected flats: 2 820 000
  • DH system: 26 CHP plants

3560 Thermal substations HOB 2 770 (9,230 MW)

-1461 / natural gas

- 560 / oil

- 749 / coal

  • Heat production: 140, 310 TJ - 2001
          • 126, 285 TJ / tap water
          • 14, 025 TJ / steam
          • 111, 294 TJ / residential sector
          • 29, 016 TJ / industry
  • Losses >30%; Average h 70%; M & C equip. <30%

Romanian Energy Policy Association

gas sector
Gas sector
  • Own resources approx. 510 Bill. Nm3;
  • Gas production approx. 14 Bill. Nm3/yr.;
  • Gas deliveries Year Production Import

Bill. Nm3 Bill. Nm3

1990 25.6 7.3

1992 21.8 4.4

1994 18.7 4.4

2000 14.6 3.2

  • Length of the transport pipes approx.. 12,000 Km;
  • Transport capacity 135 mil. Nm3 / day;
  • Transport pressure 20 / 40 bars;
  • Compressing stations 17 (total installed capacity 51470 kW)
  • Length of the distribution pipes approx. 21,598 Km;
  • Connected localities 1022
  • Gas deposits 5
  • Storage capacity 1.5 Bill. Nm3;

Romanian Energy Policy Association

energy tariffs
Energy tariffs

Heat:23.08 USD / Gcal

19.90 USD / MWh

Power:

residential : 57.7 USD / MWh

industry : 46.4 USD / MWh

Natural Gas :0.825 USD / Nm3

Romanian Energy Policy Association

evolution of power tariff
Evolution of power tariff

!

Romanian Energy Policy Association

evolution of heat tariff
Evolution of Heat tariff

Romanian Energy Policy Association

supporting legal frame
Supporting Legal Frame
  • L 199 / 2000 - Rational use of energy
  • OU 124 / 2001 - Romanian Fund for Energy Efficiency
  • L 73 / 2000, OU 93 / 2001- Environmental Fund
  • OG 29 / 1994, OG 60 / 2001 - Special Fund for the Development of the National Energy System
  • OG 29 / 2000 - Thermal Rehabilitation of the Buildings
  • OG 73 / 2002 - The organization and operation of public utilities
  • OG 16 / 2002 - Public Private Partnership
  • L332/2001 - Promotion of Direct Investments
  • L137/2002 - Measures for accelerating the privatization

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide22

MUNEE Program

Actions:

  • Organizing EE Professional Forum 20 September ‘01
  • Constituting REEN
  • 70 members
  • 51 Municipalities
  • + Parliament, Ministries, Research Institutes,
  • Media

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide23

MUNEE Actions

  • EE info;
  • Web-site Energy Efficiency topics - www.aper.ro
  • Constant information of the decision-makers / EE

(Parliament; ministries and specific agencies)

  • Meetings with commercial banks, IFI, investors etc.
  • Regional exchange of experience & Conferences

Krakow, Warsaw, Kiev, Sofia, Geneva

  • Visits to City Halls (41 / 70);
  • EE Seminars & Training sessions;
  • (Cheia - 22 students/ 17 Municipalities; Sighisoara - 19 students/ 14
  • Municipalities; Neptun - 20 students / 18 municipalities)
  • Comparative analysis / Municipal DH systems (technical

situation, losses, tariffs, metering, fuel, disconnection)

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide24

Comparative Analysis (I)

22 Municipalities - 1 800 000 inhabitants

(93 Municipalities)

  • Heat loses

12.7% (9.5% - tap water; 9.7% - heating) [!!!min. 35%]

  • Metering DH municipal systems
    • 25 - 30 % tap water for residential users
    • 15 - 20 % heating agent for residential users
    • 85 - 90 % tap water at the exit of Th.S / HOB
    • 88 - 92 % heating agent at the exit of Th.S / HOB

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide25

Comparative Analysis (II)

Notices vs. Meters usage

  • Bills by towns

!!! 85-100% - 13.4% (Fagaras) & 19.4% (Targoviste)

!!! 0- 10% - 2.1% (Rm.Sarat) & 3.9% (Caracal)

  • Bills by years20002001 (tap water)

Targoviste 14.8% 19.4%

Giurgiu < 2.0% 8.8%

15 Municipalities 6.0% 9.5%

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide26

Comparative Analysis (III)

!!! Debts vs. Heat Losses !!!

(e.g)

  • Heat Production / Termoelectrica

Production : 107 200 TJ / 2001

Losses: 12.7 %

Efficiency: 80% - gas; 75% - oil

Cost import: 98 USD / 1000 Nm3-Gas

200 USD / tone hard oil

??? USD spends Romania

for heating the Earth

Romanian Energy Policy Association

200 mill usd savings 3 6 mtones ghg 2001 in utilities
200 Mill. USD savings + 3.6 Mtones GHG / 2001 in utilities

Better

to increase the debts by importing fuel

and spending part for heating the Earth

or

to invest in EE and JI projects?

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide28

Available local funds for EE projects

CO2

Romanian Energy Policy Association

barriers for implementing ji projects in romania i
Barriers for implementing JI projects in Romania (I)
  • Low availability of the needed data (energy sector, inventory of the emissions; investment need);
  • Insufficient expertise in implementing the flexible mechanisms;
  • Hard currency risk;
  • Insufficient communication between Municipalities and Ministries and / or between the involved Ministries;
  • Overloaded personnel of the city halls;
  • Low interest and involvement of the local commercial banks and the investment funds;

Romanian Energy Policy Association

barriers for implementing ji projects in romania ii
Barriers for implementing JI projects in Romania (II)
  • Lack of professionals providers for experiences;
  • Lack of experts for project financing;
  • High preparation costs for small size projects;
  • The transparency of the local budgets;
  • Lack of financial resources;
  • FRM still pending;
  • Inconsistent and non-harmonized legislative frame

and Ministerial orders (Administrative costs vs. investments);

  • Book-keeping law does not allow SAVINGS;

Romanian Energy Policy Association

barriers for implementing ji projects in romania iii
Barriers for implementing JI projects in Romania (III)
  • Inadequate mentality concerning the EE concept;
  • Reluctance in offering commercial guarantees (PPA)
  • No minimal price for extra-power / CHP projects;
  • Social Aspects vs. higher tariffs.

Please feel free to complete

or to solve such barriers!

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide32
! !!

THERE ARE NO

BAD HABITS

BUT

THERE ARE BAD INCENTIVES!

Romanian Energy Policy Association

slide33
Thank you for your attention!
  • Address:
  • Casa Academiei,
  • 13, Calea 13 Septembrie Room 6223-6225
  • Bucuresti, ROMANIA
  • Tel: +4021 411 9829 Tel/Fax: +4021 335 0280
  • E-mail: aper@bx.logicnet.ro www.aper.ro