Norwegian savings banks and Equity Certificates (EC) New legislation as of 1 July 2009 improves the position of the savi - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Norwegian savings banks and Equity Certificates (EC) New legislation as of 1 July 2009 improves the position of the savi

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Norwegian savings banks and Equity Certificates (EC) New legislation as of 1 July 2009 improves the position of the savi

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  1. Norwegian savings banks and Equity Certificates (EC)New legislation as of 1 July 2009 improves the position of the savings banks

  2. Structure • The Norwegian banking industry • Norwegian authorities and the financial crises - main measures • Changes in the legislation of the Savings Banks • From PCC to EC • Possibility of increased influence for the EC-holders • Elimination of the dilution effect • Same priority between the equity-classes

  3. Norway: Credit from domestic sources, as of April 09 • Private Banks • State lending institutions • Mortgage Companies • Finance companies • Bond and certificate debt • Other sources Source: Statistics Norway   

  4. Norwegian banks 2003-2009 (mill NOK) Q103 Q109 Source: Statistics Norway

  5. Deposits ratio in Norwegian banks (1) (1) All banks except branches and subsidiaries of foreign banks in Norway(2) The dividing line between small and medium-sized banks is set at NOK 10bn (measured in assets) at end-2006(3) DnB NOR Bank ASA (parent bank) and Nordlandsbanken Small banks (2) DnB NOR (3) Medium-sized banks (2) Source: Central Bank of Norway

  6. Market shares (total assets) Norwegian banks as of 31 Dec 2008

  7. Savings Banks ex DnB NOR 2004-08 (annual figures, mill NOK) Net interest and credit commission income Net profit Losses on loans Source: The Norwegian Savings Banks Association

  8. Savings Banks ex DnB NOR (quarterly figures, mill NOK) Net interest and credit commission income Losses on loans Net profit Source: The Norwegian Savings Banks Association

  9. Capital Adequacy Ratio, Savings Banks Q107 Q108 Q109 Equity Capital Ratio IRB Banks (*) ex DnB NOR Core Capital Ratio IRB Banks (*) ex DnB NOR Equity Capital Ratio all banks ex IRB banks Core Capital Ratio all banks ex IRB banks * The following banks use IRB principles (InternalRatingBasedApproach-Foundation): DnB NOR, SpareBank 1 SR-Bank, SpareBank 1 Nord-Norge, Sparebanken Vest og SpareBank 1 SMN. Source: The Norwegian Savings Banks Association

  10. Savings Banks - structure 121 banks Independent banks DnB NOR and partner banks Terra-alliansen SpareBank1-alliansen • 78 banks • Mainlysmall • 14 EC banks • 20 banks • 3 ofthe 4 largestsavings banks (ex • DnB NOR) • 7 EC banks • 11 banks • incl DnB NOR • Otherwisesmall banks • 12 banks • All sizes • 5 EC banks

  11. The topfour EC banks (market cap as ofmid June 2009, mill NOK) Source: Oslo Stock Exchange

  12. The EC Indexvsthe General Index

  13. Who ownes shares and ECs? (%, on the Oslo Stock Exchange, as of May 2009) Source: Oslo Stock Exchange

  14. Structure • The Norwegian banking industry • Norwegian authorities and the financial crises - main measures • Changes in the legislation of the Savings Banks • From PCC to EC • Possibility of increased influence for the EC-holders • Elimination of the dilution effect • Same priority between the equity-classes

  15. Financial crises: Main Governmental measures The Ministry of Finance presents to the Storting (Parliament) a proposition on an authorization to implement a 350 billion kroner facility with banks, where Government Bonds are swapped for covered bonds. The Government proposes to establish two new funds with a total capital of NOK 100 billion, Norwegian State Finance Fund with a capital of NOK 50 billion and Norwegian State Bond Fund with a capital of NOK 50 billion. The first offers capital to strengthen the banks and improve their ability to uphold normal lending activity. The deadline for applications is 30 September 2009. Central Bank policy rate (%)

  16. Government Bonds swapped for covered bonds, allotment (*) (*) Allotment per bank under the swap arrangement. Percentage of total assets. Source: Norges Bank

  17. Government Bonds swapped for covered bonds: Demand (*) and auction rate (*) Allotted as of 15 June: NOK 138,95 mill

  18. The swap arrangement – effects on the money market 5-year bank bond 3-year bank bond Money market premiums (3-month) Sources: DnB NOR Markets,Thomson Reuters and Central Bank of Norway

  19. Structure • The Norwegian banking industry • Norwegian authorities and the financial crises - main measures • Changes in the legislation of the Savings Banks • From PCC to EC • Possibility of increased influence for the EC-holders • Elimination of the dilution effect • Same priority between the equity-classes

  20. Changes in the legislation 1 July 2009 for the Savings Banks • ”The ”Primary Capital Certificate (PCC)” is replaced by ”Equity Certificates (EC)” • The distribution of the profit will be more like ordinary shares • The holders of EC’s might have increased influence • New deposition to the Premium Fund will be distributed to the bank’s reserves (”Compensation Fund”) and EC-holders (“Premium Fund”) • In case of deficit (or closing down) the priority will almost be maintained • Dilution effects

  21. General assembley – no changes except..(next page) EC Banks Savings Banks - traditionally EC holders 20-40 % Customers Publicly appointed Publicly appointed Customers Employees Employees 1/4 1/4

  22. The EC-holders may (*) have increased influence with regard to: • Reduction and issuing of EC’s • Converting part of the Basic Fund to EC • Prevention of merging with another bank • Prevention of converting to limited companies (commercial bank) (*) Depending of the bank’s statues

  23. Premium Fund distributes relatively • The Premium Fund is created by new issues or other issues to price above par • Afterwards the premium shall be distributed to the ”Premium Fund” which belongs to the EC holders and to the ”Compensation Fund” which belongs to the bank • The supervision authorities may intervene if the price differs significant from real value.

  24. Holdership of the bank’s capital Higherpriority EC Premium Fund/Compensation Fund Lower priority

  25. PCC regulation and dilution • The PCC holder ratio will be reduced when the dividend relative to the PCC holder ownership is higher than the gifts relative part of the rest of the banks capital. • The distribution of charitability gifts is maximised to 25 % of the annual result. And it is possible to pay out 100 percent of the PCC-holders part of the annual result to dividends. • PCC-holders have received high dividends • Normally therefore the PCC holder ratio will be decreased • This might be counteracted by issuing PCC’s • Decreasing ratio may result in overcapitalising because the bank will have problems maintaining return on equity. The bank might therefore have problems in maintaining high dividends.

  26. EC regulation and dilution I:Allocation of profit • Separated equity: 1) owned by the institution (Basic Fund, Gift Fund or Compensation Fund) or 2) Funds or certificates owned by the EC-holders. • As with PCC a relative part of the result normally will be transformed to the two holder groups. • New with EC is that the relative pay-out to dividends and gifts to the two groups are relatively the same, so that the EC-ratio don’t change. The legislative background states that the EC-ratio ought to be nearly unchanged when distributing the annual result. The new model will in this way be more similar to a limited company. • Retained results distributes relatively on the EC-holders Equalisation Fund and the Basic Fund. • The dilution effect by distribution the annual results are thus eliminated.

  27. EC regulation and dilution II: Changes in EC ratio • The possibility of distribution of charitability gifts has increased. To paying out more than 30 percent and 60 percent of annual result to dividends/gifts, the bank has respectively to send a message (30%) or ask for permission(60%) from the supervision authority. • The rest of the result allocates to the Equalisation Fund or the Basic Fund (or Gift Fund) • The EC ratio reduces when the bank pay from the Equalisation Fund (dilution) • The EC ratio increases by issues (negative dilution) • The EC ratio increases by deficit (negative dilution)

  28. Thank you for your attention! arne.hyttnes@sparebankforeningen.no