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Climate Resilient Cities A Primer on Reducing Vulnerabilities to Disasters. Kuala Lumpur, December 4, 2008 Dr. Jerry Velasquez, Senior Regional Coordinator UNISDR Asia and Pacific. Overview of presentation. The “Primer” – What is it? Why have one?

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climate resilient cities a primer on reducing vulnerabilities to disasters

Climate Resilient CitiesA Primer onReducing Vulnerabilities to Disasters

Kuala Lumpur, December 4, 2008

Dr. Jerry Velasquez,

Senior Regional Coordinator

UNISDR Asia and Pacific

overview of presentation
Overview of presentation
  • The “Primer” – What is it? Why have one?
  • Climate change and disasters in the region The links between CC and DRM
  • Hot spots and identifying priorities
  • City case studies and key lessons learned
  • The Climate Resilient Cities program
  • The Role of National Governments
  • Discussion
what is the primer
What is the Primer?
  • The Primer outlines city typologies
  • Integrates climate change with DRM
  • Presents a “hot spot” tool for identifying city-specific priorities for action
  • Identifies both adaptation and mitigation strategies at the local level, based on learning from regional and global sound practices
  • Applicable to a range of cities
objectives of the primer
Objectives of the Primer
  • To understand the issues and impact of climate change at the city level
  • To engage in a participatory approach to establish vulnerabilities
  • To learn about the why and the how through illustrative examples from other cities
  • To build resilience to future disasters into planning and adopt no-regrets actions
  • To understand the requirements for moving from theory to practice
  • To engage in partnerships and learning
region prone to multiple hazards
Region prone to multiple hazards

Source: World Bank, 2005.

climate change and drm
Climate change and DRM
  • Climate Change exacerbates the frequency and intensity of hydrometeorological disasters
  • CC can add new disaster risks
  • DRM includes seismic activity/volcanoes while CC also addresses gradual average changes in Climate
  • DRM and CC adaptation greatly overlap and can strategically reinforce each other
climate change and drm10
Climate change and DRM
  • Sea level rise
  • Temperature
  • Precipitation
  • Natural hazards (incl earthquakes, etc)
  • Extreme events
  • What are the effects and impacts?
  • What are some mitigation and adaptation sound practices?
  • Goal is to become more RESILIENT over time
why focus on cities
Why focus on cities?
  • Cities disproportionately contribute to climate change  mitigation
    • 50% of global population, 80% of GHGs
  • Cities disproportionately suffer the impacts of climate change and disasters  adaptation
    • Port cities: 9% of global GDP exposed
    • 4 of top 10 exposed (pop) cities in EA
  • Cities are also the front line in terms of preventive action and emergency preparedness and response
    • Sichuan, New Orleans, etc.
is your city a hot spot
Is your city a Hot Spot?

The Primer provides criteria for determination of aHot Spotusing its City Information Base:

  • Vulnerability to different consequences of climate change in urban areas
  • Preparedness and response capacity to different natural hazards in urban sector
the primer the hot spot exercise
The Primer: The “Hot Spot” exercise



  • “Given”
  • Geographic location
  • City size and growth rate
  • Governance structure
  • Disaster history
  • “Influentiable”
  • City management
  • Financial resources
  • Built environment
  • Disaster response systems
  • Economic impact of disasters
what to extract from the profiles

City Profiles of Sound Practices (on CD)

Detailed Profiles

Short Profiles








What to extract from the profiles
sound practices and lessons
Sound practices and lessons
  • Organizational structure & Information Base
  • Institutional mechanism
  • Ownership by line departments
  • Climate change strategy
  • Public awareness
  • Accounting and reporting of GHG inventory
  • Hazard risk financing
  • DRM system considering CC impacts
sound practices and lessons21
Sound practices and lessons
  • Mitigation: Energy sector
  • Mitigation: Transport sector
  • Mitigation: Built environment & density
  • Mitigation: Forestry and urban greenery
  • Mitigation: Financial mechanisms
  • Adaptation: Infrastructure
  • Adaptation: Water conservation
  • Adaptation: Public health
action based on experience and risk assessment
Action based on experience and risk assessment
  • Hot Spot assessment can be used to prioritize vulnerabilities, not judge
  • Specific local action programs can draw upon experience of other cities
  • Not all actions are expensive, neither time intensive
  • No-regrets strategies are important and can be complemented by specific investments
a multi year program climate resilient cities
A multi-year program:Climate Resilient Cities

Reach as many cities in East Asia as possible to support them in developing and implementing THEIR climate resilient strategies

program objectives
Program Objectives
  • To disseminate the Primer tools in EA cities
  • To develop Implementation Tools for Action (ITA)
  • To identify and strengthen partners for implementation to go to scale
  • To facilitate implementation of climate resilience programs in 100 cities in East Asia
program components
Program Components

A. Develop local resilience action plans

  • Populate Hot Spot risk assessment matrix and compile City Information Base (Primer tools)
  • Identify priorities for action & design feasible programs

B. Strengthen national and local partners for implementation scale-up in initial countries

  • Identify and engage national/ local partners at outset

C. Scale up implementation of resilience action plan development to 100 cities in East Asia

local resilience action plan lrap what is it
Local Resilience Action Plan (LRAP): What is it?
  • How can resilience help the city achieve its vision?
  • Populate Hot Spot risk assessment
    • Identify particularly vulnerable areas, populations, sectors, capacities
  • Compile City Information Base – identify and fill information gaps
    • City masterplans
    • Socioeconomic profile
    • Hazard profile
    • Future growth map
    • City institutional map
  • Identify priorities for action
  • Design feasible programs with investment financing strategies
what role can national governments play
What role can national governments play?
  • National governments very important
  • Must enable cities and subnational regions
  • Provide support, funding, required changes in national laws and regulations
  • Commit to applying learning from initial demonstration cities to other cities
what next
What next?

Are you a Hot Spot?

Are you willing to become resilent?

Take the Primer,

Learn about the process

and be one of first implementing cities!

climate resilient cities www worldbank org eap climatecities email climatecities@worldbank org
Climate Resilient