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Spatial Studies of Religion and Chinese Society FENGGANG YANG Center on religion and Chinese society Purdue University. Philadelphia, March 27 th , 2010. Data Progressing. Exploratory: what can be done with the data?

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Spatial Studies of Religion and Chinese SocietyFENGGANG YANGCenter on religion and Chinese societyPurdue University

Philadelphia, March 27th, 2010

data progressing
Data Progressing
  • Exploratory: what can be done with the data?
  • The data: the official census of all religious sites registered with the government (the “Red Market”)
  • Address, year of founding, etc.
  • Geocoding: coordinate the addresses (Batch Geocoding), inaccuracy and irregular format.
  • Include 6138 religious organizations in Zhejiang.
  • Draw maps. (by ArcGIS; by GoogleMaps)
religious map of zhejiang
Religious Map of Zhejiang
  • DrawnBy ArcGIS
  • DrawnBy GoogleMaps
an analysis description time series
An Analysis: Description-Time Series
  • The periodic variations of five religions are highly concurrent.
  • Two turning points: 1980 and 1999. What happened?
an analysis hypothesis
An Analysis: Hypothesis
  • Object : officially registered religious organizations
  • The “red market” in the triple market theory
  • The political economy of religion in China: demand, supply, and regulation
  • Demographic and economic factors of religious change; religious competition factor
  • Hypothesis: The overriding factor of the “red market” change is religious regulation.
an analysis data
An Analysis: Data
  • DV: number of organizations.
  • IV: GDP, population, age, education, and etc..
  • Unit: year; area (county/township level)
  • Merge with basic socioeconomic data:
  • Economic data : Zhejiang Statistical Yearbook (only county level), Zhejiang Township Statistical Yearbook (only rural areas).
  • Demographic data: 2000 Township Population Census Data (from Prof. Bao).
  • Data shortage.
an analysis summary
An Analysis: Summary
  • Conclusion: there is no significant correlation between the size of “red market” and socio-economic factors in on the county level.
  • Interpretation 1: data limitation.
  • Zhejiang is special, need to expand to Whole China.
  • Intra-county differences are huge, need to expand to township level (n=1844).
  • Other socio-economic data (e.g. edu) need to be added.
  • Interpretation 2: possibly, no correlation at all.
  • A strong exogenous variable: religious regulation.
  • Quantify religious regulation?
future plan
Future Plan
  • Establish “Religious Organization Database”:
  • Expand to whole China.
  • Expand to township level.
  • Merge with other religious data, esp. data of individual level (the Chinese Spiritual Life Survey).
  • Merge with more socioeconomic data.
  • Conduct further data mining and analysis.
thanks fenggang yang center on religion and chinese society purdue university

Thanks!FENGGANG YANGCenter on religion and Chinese societyPurdue University

Philadelphia, March 27th, 2010