18.2 Critical Thinking. 1. What precipitated renewed civil war in China? Japan left China at the end of WWII; Nationalists and Commies who were fighting together against Japan went back to fighting each other 2. What was the outcome of the civil war in China?
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Japan left China at the end of WWII; Nationalists and Commies who were fighting together against Japan went back to fighting each other
Chaing and his nationalist fled China and moved to Taiwan
Conservatives claimed that commie agents were at work in the US government. The fear it caused led to another Red Scare.
Japanese north of the 38th Parrallel surrendered to the Soviets and in the south the surrendered to the US.
North Korea led a supprise attack into the south
Truman wanted to show US military strength
Trapped North Korean troops and forced them flee back north
Did not want Americans on their border and wanted a commie buffer country to protect Manchuria
MacArthur criticized Truman for not continuing north to take all of Korea and waging a full out war against China
Stalemate: Commies had been pushed back but Korea remained divided into two countries
C: Nationalists; they opposed communism
K: SK; it was democratic & NK was commie
C: sent Nationalists billions of dollars in military equipment and supplies, tried to negotiate and end to the war
K: provided naval & air support, sent troops, went to war
C: Commies won the war & forced Nationalists to flee to Taiwan
K: stalemate, KOR remained divided, US lost 54,000 lives & $67 billion
C: shock, anger, & fear; Americans could not believe that containment had failed and demanded answers from gov’t
K: dismay; high costs of unsuccessful war led Americans to reject Democratic party