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Nursing ManagemenT: Motivation. Motivational theorist in Management. Motivation describes the factors that initiate and direct behavior. Motivated employees are more likely to be productive than nonmotivated workers.

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Motivational theorist in management
Motivational theorist in Management

Motivation describes the factors that initiate and direct behavior.

Motivated employees are more likely to be productive than nonmotivated workers.

This is one reason that motivation is an important aspect of enhancing employee performance.


Historically motivational theories were concerned with three things:

  • What mobilizes or energizes human behavior

  • What directs behavior toward the accomplishment of some objective

  • How such behavior is sustained over time


  • It is used depends on their ability to things:

  • explain motivation adequately

  • Predict with some degree of accuracy what people actually do and lastly

  • Suggest practical ways of influencing employees to accomplish organizational objectives


MT can be classified into at least 2 distinct group: things:

  • Content Theorists

  • Process Theorists


Content theories: things:

Motivational theories that emphasize individual needs or the rewards that may satisfy those needs



Process theories things:

Motivational theories that emphasize how the motivation process works to direct an individual’s effort into performance


1. Process theories things:

Attempt to explain why a person behaves in a particular manner

MT that emphasize how the motivation process works to direct an individual’s effort into performance


- Reinforcement theory e.g Skinner 1953 things:

  • Operant conditioning

  • Punishment

  • Extinction

  • Shaping


Maslow theory: things:

Application to managing in nursing.


The nurse manager is responsible for
The nurse manager is responsible for things:

  • Understanding motivating factors for employees and how motivation affects job performance

  • Using motivational techniques to enhance employee performance

  • Utilizing creative techniques to motivate staff when traditional rewards such as pay or benefit increases are unavailable and



  • GROUP WORK: performance.

    DESCRIBE MASLOW’S THEORY AND OTHER THEORIES RELATED TO MANAGEMENT

    HOW THESE THEORIES APPLICABLE IN MANAGING PEOPLE/NURSES

    Why you choose such theory in management?

    Reflect your experience in the ward


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