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The Spanish Alphabet
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The Spanish Alphabet

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  1. The Spanish Alphabet

  2. El AlfabetoEspaÑol • KnowingthealphabetmakeslearningSpanisheasierbecauseitis a PHONETIC language. • Wordsare spelledthewaythey are pronounced. • Mostletterswillhaveonlyonesound!!

  3. ¿La Diferencia? • We have 26 letters in our alphabet. • There are 30 letters in the Spanish alphabet. • The extra letters are CH,LL,Ñ and RR. • CH and LL are no longer being recognized as separate letters but rather sounds. (Your dictionary may be different than mine)!

  4. PronunciaciÓn: • Spanish speakers write their letters the same way that we do. • The only difference is the way they sound. • I will show you the pronunciation of the letters.

  5. A=ah

  6. B=bay …GRANDE …DE BURRO

  7. C=say

  8. Ch=chay No longer a separate letter.

  9. D=day

  10. E=ay

  11. F=f-ay

  12. G=hay

  13. H=ah-chay

  14. I=ee

  15. J=ho-tah

  16. K=kah

  17. L=L.A.

  18. LL=ay-yay No longer a separate letter.

  19. M=m-ay

  20. N=N.A

  21. Ñ=N-nney

  22. O=oh

  23. P=pay

  24. Q=coo

  25. R=airay

  26. RR=air-rrray

  27. S=essay

  28. T=tay

  29. U=oo

  30. V=bay …CHICA …DE VACA

  31. W=dohbley bay

  32. X=ay-kees

  33. Y=eegree ay gah

  34. Z=say-tah

  35. YO SÉ EL ALFABETO…… ¡OLÉ!

  36. vocales: • a e i o u • Pronunciation Trick- mouth gets smaller as you say them • Each vowel has only one sound • “Short” sounds • Can have accents!!

  37. Letras especiales: • B&V: May have the same pronunciation • When spelling, use: -B:“b grande”; “b de burro” -V:“v chica”; “v de vaca” • K&W: “foreign” letters • Ñ&RR: extra letters in the Spanish alphabet • CH: used to be in the alphabet

  38. Accent marks: • Where do they go?over vowels • How do you “say” it?Á (“a” con acento) • What does it do?shows stress/emphasis on a syllable • When do we need it? 1) show pronunciation if the word “breaks” rule • If a word ends in a vowel, n or s, the stress is on the second to last syllable= HOla • If a word ends in a consonant (other than n or s), stress is on last syllable = paPEL 2) to differentiate between 2 words with same pronunciation but different meanings *(tu/tú; el/él; solo/sólo)* 3)to indicate question words *¿quién? ¿qué? ¿cuándo?...*

  39. A Practicar: • http://www.spanishspanish.com/alfabeto_ipower.html • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUcu9PUh9_A http://www.studyspanish.com/pronunciation/alphabet.htm

  40. ¿Cómo se escribe?¿Cómose deletrea?¿Cómo se pronuncia? • gato • niño • pared • reloj • pizarra • equipo • viento

  41. ¿Cómo se escribe?¿Cómo se deletrea?¿Cómo se pronuncia? • habichuela • televisor • favorito • berenjena • mantequilla • Xochimilco • Parangaricutirimicuaro

  42. Conversación: Asking about/ spelling names - ¿Cómote llamas? • Me llamo _________ _________. • ¿Cómo se escribe _________? • Se escribe __ - __ - __ - ….

  43. Estaciones del Alfabeto: Instrucciones • Movequicklytoan open station. • Readdirections and QUICKLY beginactivity. • Youmayneedto “improvise” some. Be flexible….

  44. Estaciones del Alfabeto • Guerra (War) • Teléfonos (WhisperPhones) • Preguntas