The Cold War. Period 3. Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech. In Britain, 1946, Churchill made his Iron curtain speech He talks about how Europe need to be united in order to ensure it’s safety He states that Communism is a growing challenge, and wants to stop the spread of it.
In Britain, 1946, Churchill made his Iron curtain speech
He talks about how Europe need to be united in order to ensure it’s safety
He states that Communism is a growing challenge, and wants to stop the spread of it
The Doctrine had taken place in 1947,countries involved was Britain and Greece and U.S.A.
Congress: the American parliament
Happened during June 1947
George Marshall and Joseph Stalin
Took place in Europe
By: Wayne Hartloff
The USSR disagreed with Britain and the USA about what to do with Germany. So Germany was split into four zones. Berlin was in the Russian zone, but Berlin was also divided into four sections.
The American army wanted to fight its way into Berlin but that would have caused a war. President Truman chose to get Berlin supplies by air support. As we kept sending supplies to Berlin things were bad at first but they got better and soon Stalin reopened the borders.
created two years after WWII on March 4 1947
NATO stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Nato promised to safe guard the freedom , common heritage and civilization of their peoples
continuous and effective self help and mutual aid to maintain and develop their individual and collective capacity
The nuclear arms race was central to the Cold War.
During the 1960’s the theory of MAD developed - Mutually Assured Destruction. This meant that if Russia attacked the west, the west would make sure that they would suitably retaliate i.e. there would be no winners.
Destroyed Stalin statue
Thousands of Hungarians confronted Russian tanks.
By: Luke Burger of period 9.
The Space Race was the race to the moon and other scientific achievements between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
-On May 1, 1960 an American U2 spy plane was shot down above Russia
-At first the Americans said it was a weather balloon that had gone off course
-But when the USSR put the pilot of the U2 plane on trial the US admitted that it was a spy plane.
Of the wall was Khrushchev
1. Growing tension
Kennedy tried to get tough on Communism. He financed the forces fighting the Communists in Vietnam and Laos, and in 1961 he helped an invasion of Cuba.
East Germany was poor and under strict rule. West Berlin was wealthy and free. Many East Germans worked in West Berlin, and saw this. By 1961, 3 million had fled to the west through Berlin. As the Cold War tension grew, more left, fearing that the border would be closed – by August 1961, the flow was 1,800 a day.
This was an embarrassment to Russia, which claimed that Communism was better.
Also, many who left were skilled workers.
The Russians claimed that the Americans used West Berlin for spying and sabotage.
By: Nicole Sheldon
*October 14,1962 to November 20, 1962
*People/Countries involved: -America [Kennedy]
-Russia (through Cuba) [Khrushchev]
*Took place in Cuba and in the ocean between Southern US and Cuba
*Causes: -tensions between Russian and America
-Rise of Castro
-Bay of Pigs
*Missile base sighted in Cuba
*Kennedy set up a naval blockade of Cuba
*Russia sent ships to aid Cuba
*US offered to remove their missile bases
in Turkey if Russia removed the ones in Cuba
*Russia and US came to an agreement
*Russian bombers left Cuba;
US lifted naval blockade
*this was the beginning of the end of the Cold War
-The Bay of Pigs: Failed attempt by “anti-Castro Cuban” (with the help of the US) to invade Cuba [April 1961]
August 1968-The Prague Spring soviet troops crushed Czechoslovakian revolt
Alexander Dubcek-ledthe Czechoslovakian government
Antonin Novotny was the party leader at the Writer’s Union Congress
Brezhnev was the soviet leader.
When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed the reins of power in the Soviet Union in 1985, no one predicted the revolution he would bring. A dedicated reformer, Gorbachev introduced the policies of glasnost and perestroika to the USSR.