Who were the Puritans? Definition: Refers to the movement for reform, which occurred within the Church of England between the time of Elizabeth and Charles II. *Puritans wanted to rid the Church of any Catholic residue and build upon the ideas of John Calvin. When Elizabeth died and Charles II dissolved any connection between church and state, he demanded that anyone be killed who did not support the new Anglican Church. Hence religious persecution began for the Puritans. *Left for the new world in 1620 and established the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Puritan Beliefs *Humankind is totally sinful through the fall of Adam and Eve and damned for eternity. *Predestination: You are saved or damned. God chooses; no good works will help you become saved. *Grace: You could feel God’s grace in an intense emotional fashion. After receiving grace, you are “reborn” and have the ability to do God’s will.
Puritan’s Beliefs Cont’d *Theocracy: a government which blends church and state. The church officials were the government’s officials. *Education was established in order to read the Word of the God.
Hysteria in Salem *Satan is the cause of disease, natural catastrophes, and bad fortune. *A belief that Satan recruits witches and wizards that work for him. *If you are afflicted by witchcraft you exhibit certain symptoms.
Causes of Accusations *Teenage boredom *Confessing witches added credibility to your name *Old Feuds—it’s a good way to get back at someone…accuse them of being a witch.
*1915-2005 *Born in Harlem, New York City *Family started out wealthy(due to father’s clothing manufacturing business) *Family lost everything in the 1929 Wall Street Crash *American playwright and essayist *Married to Marilyn Monroe *Died of heart failure due to his battle with cancer