Achieving Appropriate Rigor in Qualitative Research. Research Day, February 4, 2011 Mary Katherine O’Connor, Ph.D. School of Social Work, Virginia Commonwealth University firstname.lastname@example.org. Presentation Goals.
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Research Day, February 4, 2011
Mary Katherine O’Connor, Ph.D.
School of Social Work,
Virginia Commonwealth University
Thematic Analysis - reading “chunks” of data for meaning and attaching a meaning label (can then move to word count/distribution analysis)
Linguistic Analysis - assessing word usage, message style (can then move to word count/distribution analysis)
Semiotics - reading for meaning through use of metaphor (can then move to word count/distribution analysis)
Constant Comparison - deconstruction and reconstruction through unitization and categorization (can then move to word count/distribution analysis)
Misconceptions about software:
Types of data
Access + Awareness
When there is congruence between paradigmatic perspective, research goal and selected processes, articulation of what can and should be expected for accountability standards are possible and usefulness can be asserted.
Positivist work cannot provide deep, individualized meaning, but can be basis for appropriately targeted quantitative work or provide evidence to support causal hypotheses.
Critical Positivist work must engender class or structural changes from objective, generalizable data.
Interpretive work is not generalizable, but can provide complex, context-based deep understanding.
Critical Interpretive work must engender individual, subjective changes at the intersection of art, spirituality and scientific ways of knowing.
(or…How do you defend what you are doing? Or assess student work?)
Try to determine underlying assumptions in order to establish the paradigmatic location of the research by evaluating the aims or goals.
Look for mixing of assumptions that suggest an incorrect understanding that qualitative research is always interpretive research
Apply the standards for design and analysis quality consistent with the paradigm.