system software n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
System Software PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
System Software

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

System Software - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 248 Views
  • Uploaded on

System Software. Chapter 4 of Computers: Understanding Technology (Third edition). System Software in Context. Hardware Input (Ch. 2) Processing (Ch. 2) Output (Ch. 3) Storage (Ch. 3) Software System software(Ch. 4) Application software (Ch. 5). System Software. Operating Systems

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

System Software


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
system software

System Software

Chapter 4 of Computers: Understanding Technology (Third edition)

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

system software in context
System Software in Context
  • Hardware
    • Input (Ch. 2)
    • Processing (Ch. 2)
    • Output (Ch. 3)
    • Storage (Ch. 3)
  • Software
    • System software(Ch. 4)
    • Application software (Ch. 5)

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

system software1
System Software
  • Operating Systems
  • Utility Programs
  • Language Translators – Compiler, Interpreter

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

operating systems
Operating Systems
  • When computer is started, part of operating system is loaded into random access memory (RAM) from the boot drive (typically the hard drive)
  • Functions of operating system
    • Managing main memory
    • Controlling peripheral devices
    • Managing file operations
    • Monitoring system performance
    • Providing user interface

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

operating system functions
Operating System Functions
  • Output buffers – selected areas of RAM which hold data waiting to be transferred to an output device – This frees the CPU to move on to something else; output device will often be slower – print spooling is example
  • Multitasking – User can work on more than 1 application at the same time
  • Drivers – programs that allow the operating system to communicate with a peripheral device – the driver is often specific to a specific device, manufacturer and model number; typically this means that the application program need only know how to communicate with Windows and not with each peripheral device

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

operating system functions cont
Operating System Functions (cont.)
  • Security features
    • Operating system can force user to enter a correct username and password to access the computer
    • Windows XP and Windows Vista can provide multiple user accounts on a single machine and different levels of privileges among the accounts

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

user interfaces
User Interfaces
  • Command line – e.g. DOS
  • Graphical User Interface (GUI) – e.g. Windows
  • Graphical user interface was used in the Alto computer developed by Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, and later used in the Apple Lisa and Macintosh computers

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

elements of gui
Elements of GUI
  • On-Screen desktop with graphical elements displayed – icons, buttons, etc.
  • Display windows – title bar, scroll bar, and other common features
  • Menus with drop down menus
  • Toolbars with icons
  • Dialog boxes to provide information and prompt responses – tabs, radio buttons, checkboxes, text boxes, OK/cancel buttons

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

personal computer operating systems
Personal Computer Operating Systems
  • Windows XP (ITN 114)
  • Windows Vista
  • Macintosh
  • IBM OS/2
  • Linux (ITN 170, ITN 270)

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

server operating systems
Server Operating Systems
  • Some operating systems are used with networks, allowing multiple users to connect to the server

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

server operating systems1
Server Operating Systems
  • Novell NetWare
  • Windows NT Server
  • Windows 2000 Server (ITN 111)
  • Windows 2003 Server (ITN 115)
  • Windows 2008 Server
  • Unix (ITN 171 and ITN 271)
  • Linux (ITN 170 and ITN 270)

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

wireless device operating systems
Wireless Device Operating Systems
  • Palm OS
  • Windows Mobile

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

utility programs
Utility Programs
  • Antivirus – Norton, Symantec, McAfee
  • Firewalls – security system that acts as boundary to protect computer or network
  • Diagnostic
  • Uninstaller – remove all files associated with a program
  • Disk scanner – identify bad sectors
  • Disk defragmenters
  • File compression – WinZip, PKZIP, and Stuffit

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

utility programs cont
Utility programs (cont.)
  • Backup
  • Disk toolkits – fix problems with a disk
  • Spam blocker
  • Anti-spyware – Windows Defender

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram

language translators
Language Translators
  • Programmers generally write programs in high-level languages – Java, COBOL, Fortran
  • Compilers translates entire program into machine language file; that file is then executed whenever program is run
  • Interpreter translates one statement at a time without producing a file, so repeated runs require interpreter each time

September 16, 2009 - William Pegram