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Environmental Awareness knowledge and parameters of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) And Initial Environmental Examination (IEE). Dr. Amjad Ali Khan Deputy Director (EIA) EPA-Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Environment.
Dr. Amjad Ali Khan
Deputy Director (EIA)
Land, water, atmosphere, climate, sound, odours and taste.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) refers to the evaluation of the environmental impacts likely to raise from a major project significantly affecting the environment.
4. Iterative principle; the information generated by EIA is made available to interested parties to elicit a response which in turn should be fed back into EIA process.
Environmental Impact Assessment emerged in the United States as a response to the rise of environmental movements of the 1960s that raised awareness of the serious environmental effects of human activities which were inadequately controlled by existing planning regulation and pollution control measures.
The spread of EIA to other countries gained momentum due to four fundamental factors:
EIA may be presented as a series of stages.
The process of an EIA commences at the early stages of a project. When the project is first considered, not when construction has begun. Once a developer has identified a need, assessed project design and site; the next step is to see the positive and negative effects of this development on the environment. The outcome of the screening process is a decision to either include or exclude the development from the full EIA Process.
Should a formal EEA be required then the next phase is to define the issues which need to be addresses. Scoping is a very key stage of the EIA process in which those impacts which might have significant effect on the environment, to be addressed in the EIA, are determined.
Once it has been determined that a project has potentially significant impacts on the environment and the main issues to be considered in the study have been identified, the EIA has to be undertaken and presented in the form of an Environmental Impact Assessment report.
The assessment must determine the significance of direct and indirect impacts, both beneficial and adverse, and the duration of the impacts.
Once the EIA is completed and the EIA report is submitted to the competent authority, it has to be ensured that the EIA has been conducted properly, that all of the necessary analysis have been undertaken and are contained in the final report. It is necessary to develop review criteria to check the accuracy and comprehensiveness of the EIA Report.
The review can be carried out by decision maker or by review committee, however effective review criteria should allow an authority to:
Once the study is finished and EIA report is submitted, the responsible decision-makers start what is often the difficult task of balancing environmental, economic, political and technical factors in reaching a final decision regarding the course of action to be taken.
Monitoring is an activity undertaken to provide specific information on the characteristics and functioning of environmental and social variables in space and time. The monitoring activities can be classified as:
Section 12 of PEPA, 1997.
Initial Environmental Examination and Environmental Impact Assessment-(1) No proponent of a project shall commence construction or operation unless he has filed with the Federal Agency an initial environmental examination or, where the project is likely to cause an adverse environmental effect, an environmental impact assessment and has obtained from the Federal Agency approval in respect thereof;
LIST OF PROJECTS REQUIRING AN IEE
1) Poultry, livestock, stud and fish farms with total cost of more than 10 million rupees.
2) Projects involving repacking, formulation or warehousing of agriculture products.
Mining & Mineral Processing
Water Management, Dams, Irrigation and Flood Protection.
Water Supply and Treatment.
Water supply schemes and treatment plants with total cost of less than Rs. 25 million rupees.
Waste disposal facility for domestic or industrial wastes, with annual capacity less than 10,000 cubic meters.
Urban Development and Tourism.
Public facilities with significant off-site impacts e.g, hospital wastes.
Urban development projects.
LIST OF PROJECTS REQUIRING AN EIA
7. Pesticides (manufacture or formulation).
8. Petrochemicals complex.
9. Synthetic resins, plastic and man-made fibers, paper and paperboard, paper pulping, plastic products, textile (except apparel), printing and publishing, paints and dyes, oils and fats and vegetable ghee projects with a total cost more than Rs. 10 Million.
10. Tanning and lather finishing projects.
(C) Mining and Mineral Processing. 1. Mining and processing of coal, gold, copper, sulphur and precious stones. 2. Mining and processing of major non-ferrous metals, iron and steel rolling. 3. Smelting plants with total cost of Rs. 50 Million and above.
(G) Waste Disposal1. Waste disposal and / or storage of hazardous or toxic wastes (including land fill sites incineration of hospital toxic waste). 2. Waste disposal facility for domestic or industrial waste with annual capacity more than 10,000 cubic meters.
Urban development and tourism.
Environmentally Sensitive Areas.
1. All projects situated in environmentally sensitive areas.
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